Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives
in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same,
SECTION 1. Section 1 of chapter 91 of the General Laws, as appearing in the 1984 Official Edition, is hereby amended by inserting after the definition of "Private tidelands" the following two definitions:-
"Substantial change in use", a use for a continuous period of at least one year of ten per cent or more of the surface area of the authorized or licensed premises or structures for a purpose unrelated to the authorized or licensed use or activity.
"Substantial structural alteration", a change in the dimensions of a principal building or structure which increases by more than ten per cent the height or ground coverage of the building or structure specified in the authorization or license, or an increase by more than ten per cent of the surface area of the fill specified in the authorization or license.
SECTION 2. Said chapter 91 is hereby further amended by striking out section 15, as so appearing, and inserting in place thereof the following section:-
Section 15. Every authority or license granted since eighteen hundred and sixty-eight or hereafter granted by the commonwealth to any person to build a structure or do other work in, over and under the Connecticut River or the nontidal part of the Merrimack River or in, over or under the waters of any great pond or at any outlet thereof below high water mark, or upon ground over which the tide ebbs and flows, or to fill up or to enclose the same, whether such ground is above or below low water mark, or within or beyond one hundred rods from high water mark, or whether private property or property of the commonwealth, shall be subject to the following conditions, whether expressed in the act, resolve or license granting the same or not. Said authority or license shall be revocable at the discretion of the general court, or by the department for noncompliance with the terms and conditions set forth therein. The license shall expire as to all work authorized or licensed not completed within five years from the date of such authorization or license or such other period of time specified therein; provided, however, that for good cause shown the department may extend, without public hearing or notice, the construction period of the authorization or license for one or more one-year periods. Revocation by the general court of licenses issued after January first, nineteen hundred and eighty-four shall be treated as a taking of real property requiring payment of just compensation in accordance with the provisions of chapter seventy-nine for valuable structures, fillings, enclosures, uses or other improvements built, made or continued in compliance with said authorization or license. Except as provided herein, the grant of a license pursuant to this chapter shall not convey a property right, nor authorize any injury to property or invasion of rights of others. A license issued pursuant to this chapter is hereby made a mortgageable interest lawful for investment by any banking association, trust company, savings bank, cooperative bank, investment company, insurance company, executor, trustee, or other fiduciary, and any other person who is now or may hereafter be authorized to invest in any mortgage or other obligation of a similar nature.
SECTION 3. Section 18 of said chapter 91, as so appearing, is hereby amended by striking out the first paragraph and inserting in place thereof the following three paragraphs:-
Upon or prior to applying for a license pursuant to this section, the applicant shall submit to the planning board of the city or town where the work is to be performed, except in case of a proposed bridge, dam or similar structure across a river, cove, or inlet, the application containing the proposed use, the location, dimensions and limits and mode of work to be performed.
Said planning board may conduct a public hearing within thirty days of receipt of license application. Within fifteen days of conducting said public hearing or within forty-five days of receipt of license application, the planning board shall submit a written recommendation to the department. Said recommendation shall state whether said planning board believes the development would serve a proper public purpose and would not be detrimental of the public's rights in these tidal lands. The department shall take into consideration the recommendation of the local planning board in making its decision whether to grant a license.
Every license granted under this chapter shall be signed by the department, shall state the conditions on which it is granted, including, but not limited to the specific use to which the licensed structure or fill is restricted, and shall specify by metes, bounds and otherwise the location, dimensions, and limits and mode of performing the work authorized thereby. Any changes in use or structural alteration of a licensed structure or fill, whether said structure or fill first was licensed prior to or after the effective date of this section, shall require the issuance by the department of a new license in accordance with the provisions and procedures established in this chapter. Any unauthorized substantial change in use or unauthorized substantial structural alteration shall render the license void. Licenses granted by the department pursuant to this chapter shall be revocable by the department for noncompliance with the conditions set forth therein. The department shall not revoke any license until it has given written notice of the alleged noncompliance to the licensee and those persons who have filed a written request for such notice with the department and afforded them a reasonable opportunity to correct said noncompliance. The department may promulgate regulations for implementation for its authority under this chapter.
The department shall submit any regulations promulgated under the provisions of this chapter to the joint legislative committee on natural resources and agriculture, to the senate committee on ways and means and to the house committee on ways and means, for their review within sixty days prior to the effective date of said regulations.
SECTION 4. The last paragraph of section 18 of said chapter 91, as so appearing, is hereby amended by inserting after the word "tidelands", in lines 56 and 57, the word:- if.
SECTION 5. Section 22 of said chapter 91, as so appearing, is hereby amended by striking out the second sentence and inserting in place thereof the following sentence:- The department shall by regulation provide for a method for determination of such compensation which may in the department's discretion be based on either a schedule of rates per square yard of commonwealth tidelands occupied or on an appraisal of the fair market value of the rights granted by the commonwealth, and which may in the department's discretion be assessed either as a lump sum payable in full prior to issuance of the license or as a series of annual payments which shall be required as a condition of the license.
SECTION 6. Section 2 of chapter 183A of the General Laws, as amended by section 3 of chapter 788 of the acts of 1985, is hereby further amended by adding the following sentence:- For purposes of this section, the holder of a license granted by the department of environmental quality engineering under the provisions of chapter ninety-one for development of commonwealth tidelands shall be deemed the owner of the land, and the licensee shall be deemed the holder of a sufficient interest in real estate to be submitted to and governed by the provisions of this chapter.