Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:
SECTION 1. The following shall be the charter for the town of Sandwich:
Good government can only be defined as that which is wholly and justly participated in by the people who are under its jurisdiction. For that purpose the citizens of Sandwich, in exercising their rights of self-government, do ordain the provisions set forth in the ensuing charter of this town.
ARTICLE I INCORPORATION, FORM OF GOVERNMENT
Section 1.1 INCORPORATION
The inhabitants of the town of Sandwich, residing within its corporate boundaries as heretofore established, are hereby constituted and shall continue to be a body politic and corporate in perpetuity under the name of the town of Sandwich.
Section 1.2 FORM OF GOVERNMENT
The municipal form of government provided by this charter shall consist of a town meeting open to all voters; a board of selectmen, elected by the people and accountable to the people; and a town administrator, appointed by and accountable to the board of selectmen for proper administration of the affairs of the town. `tuc ARTICLE II POWERS OF THE TOWN
(a) The town shall have all the powers granted to towns by the Constitution and General Laws together with all of the implied powers necessary to execute such granted powers.
(b) The powers of the town under the charter shall be construed and interpreted liberally in favor of the town, and the specific mention of any particular power is not intended to limit in any way the general powers.
(c) The town may enter into agreements with any other agency of municipal government, agency of the commonwealth, other states, or the United States government to perform jointly, by contract, or otherwise, any of its powers or functions and may participate in the financing thereof.
ARTICLE III LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
Section 3.1 OPEN TOWN MEETING
The legislative powers of the town shall be exercised by a town meeting open to all voters.
Section 3.2 PRESIDING OFFICER
All sessions of the town meeting shall be presided over by a moderator, elected as provided in section 4.4 of the charter. The moderator shall regulate the proceedings, decide questions of order, and make public declarations of all votes. The moderator shall have all of the powers and duties given to moderators under the Constitution and the General Laws, and such additional powers and duties as may be authorized by the charter, by by-law or by other town meeting vote.
Section 3.3 ANNUAL TOWN MEETING
The annual town meeting shall be held on such date or dates as may be fixed by the board of selectmen as provided in paragraph (e) of section 4.2.5 of the charter.
Section 3.4 SPECIAL TOWN MEETINGS
Special town meetings shall be held at the call of the board of selectmen at such times as it may deem appropriate and whenever a special meeting is requested by the voters in accordance with procedures made available by the General Laws.
Section 3.5 QUORUM
The quorum for both the annual town meeting and any special town meeting shall be set by by-law.
Section 3.6 CLERK OF THE MEETING
The town clerk shall serve as the clerk to the town meeting. In the event that the town clerk is absent, the assistant town clerk will serve.
Section 3.7 WARRANT ARTICLES
(a) Except for procedural matters all subjects to be acted on by town meeting shall be placed on warrants issued by the board of selectmen.
(b) The board of selectmen shall receive all petitions addressed to it which require the submission of particular subject matter to the town meeting in accordance with the General Laws. Petitioner's warrant articles shall be submitted to the selectmen in written form. Ten signatures shall be required on a petition to have an article inserted in the warrant for an annual town meeting, and 100 signatures shall be required on a petition to have an article inserted in a warrant for a special town meeting.
(c) Any warrant article that seeks to raise, transfer, appropriate or expend any funds shall show comparative figures including actual figures for the preceding year, appropriations for the current year, requests for the next fiscal year and amounts recommended by the finance committee.
Section 3.8 PUBLICATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF THE WARRANT
In addition to any notice required by the General Laws, the board of selectmen shall cause the annual town meeting warrant to be posted on the town bulletin board and otherwise distributed as provided by paragraph (e) of section 4.2.5 of the charter. Additional copies shall be kept available for distribution by the town clerk. `tuc ARTICLE IV ELECTED TOWN OFFICES
Section 4.1 ELECTED TOWN OFFICES, IN GENERAL
The offices to be filled by the voters shall be: a board of selectmen, 5 members; a school committee, 7 members; a moderator; a town clerk; a tax collector; a board of assessors, 3 members; a board of health, 3 members; a planning board, 7 members; trustees of the Sandwich library, 9 members; trustees of the Weston Memorial Fund, 3 members; Sandwich Historic District, 5 members; Housing Authority, 5 members, 4 elected 1 appointed by the governor; and such other regional authorities, districts, or committees as may be required by the General Laws or inter-local agreement. All elected or appointed multiple member boards shall be arranged so that as nearly an equal number of terms as possible shall expire each year. Notwithstanding any other provision of the charter, all elected officials and officers shall have the powers and duties as prescribed by the General Laws.
Section 4.2 BOARD OF SELECTMEN
The board of selectmen shall be composed of 5 members. Each member shall be elected from the town at-large to a 3 year term.
Section 4.2.1 QUALIFICATIONS
In addition to any other qualifications prescribed by law, each selectman shall be a qualified voter of the town, and shall reside within the town while in office.
Section 4.2.2 COMPENSATION
Selectmen shall receive such compensation as may be specified in the annual budget, provided, however, that they shall be entitled to all necessary expenses incurred in the performance of their official duties upon approval by the board of selectmen.
Section 4.2.3 CHAIRMAN AND VICE CHAIRMAN
(a) A chairman shall be elected by the board of selectmen at the first meeting following each regular town election. The chairman shall preside at all meetings of the board. The chairman shall perform such other duties consistent with this charter, or as may be imposed on him by the board.
(b) A vice chairman shall be elected by the board of selectmen at the first meeting following each regular town election. The vice chairman shall act as chairman during the disability or absence of the chairman, and in this capacity shall have the rights and duties conferred upon the chairman.
Section 4.2.4 VACANCIES
Vacancies in the office of selectman shall be filled by special election if there is more than 6 months remaining for the term of that position. The board of selectmen shall, within 10 days after the occurrence of a vacancy, call a special election that shall be held not less than 65 days nor more than 90 days after issuing the call.
Section 4.2.5 GENERAL POWERS AND DUTIES
(a) Except as otherwise provided by the General Laws or this charter, all executive powers of the town shall be vested in the board of selectmen. The board of selectmen shall provide for the exercise thereof and for the performance of all duties and obligations imposed on the town by law.
(b) At least a majority of the board of selectmen shall sign all official documents, and approve the financial warrants.
(c) The board of selectmen shall serve as the board of directors and policy making body of the town. They shall appoint a town administrator to carry out the day-to-day operations of the town within the policies set by the board of selectmen. The board of selectmen shall appoint members of committees.
(d) No member of the board of selectmen may serve in any other elected and/or appointed town office or committee during his or her term as selectman, excluding ex-officio positions. Service as a representative from the town to another body other than the town shall not be prohibited by this provision.
(e) The board of selectmen shall set guidelines for the preparation of the annual budget and present the budget to the town meeting. The board of selectmen shall set the date and warrant articles for the town meeting and any special town meeting. The board of selectmen shall make available sufficient copies of the warrant for the town meeting for all registered voters. The board of selectmen shall either provide direct mailings to households, or publish notice of the availability of said warrants at town facilities and other common locations throughout the town at least 2 weeks prior to the town meeting.
(f) The board of selectmen shall be a licensing board for the town and shall have the power to issue licenses as authorized by law, to make all necessary rules and regulations regarding the issuance of such licenses, and to impose restrictions on any such license as it deems to be in the public interest, and to enforce all laws, rules, regulations, and restrictions relating to all such businesses for which it issues licenses.
(g) The board shall require bonds for all municipal officers and employees who receive or pay out any moneys of the town. The amount of such bonds shall be determined by the board and the cost thereof shall be borne by the town.
(h) The board of selectmen shall be authorized to institute, prosecute, compromise or defend any claim, action, suit or other proceeding in the name of the town and to settle any claim, action, suit or other proceeding brought by or on behalf or against the town. In the event that a settlement requires the issuance of a permit or license or the transfer of property, and such matter is not within the board of selectmen's jurisdiction, the town board or officer with legal jurisdiction over the matter shall retain sole authority to act on behalf of the town.
(i) The board of selectmen shall exercise any other responsibilities as set forth in the General Laws.
Section 4.2.6 MEETINGS OF THE BOARD
(a) The board of selectmen shall hold at least 2 regular meetings each month. The board shall fix, by resolution, the days, times and location of its regular meetings.
(b) The board of selectmen may hold such special meetings as it deems necessary and appropriate, which may be called for by 3 members of the board. In no event shall a regular or special meeting be held in any facility or at any locations which are not readily accessible to the public.
Section 4.2.7 RULES OF PROCEDURE
(a) The board of selectmen shall by resolution, determine its own rules and order of business; however, the rules shall provide that citizens of the town shall have a reasonable opportunity to be heard at any meeting in regard to any matter under consideration.
(b) Voting except on procedural motions, shall be by roll call if requested by a selectman, and the ayes and nays shall be recorded in the minutes.
(c) Three selectmen shall constitute a quorum for the purposes of transaction of business.
(d) No action of the board of selectmen shall be valid or binding unless adopted by the affirmative vote of 3 or more members of the board.
Section 4.2.8 PROHIBITIONS
(a) Except where authorized by law, no selectman shall hold any other town office or town employment during his term as selectman, nor any former selectman shall hold any compensated appointed town office or town employment until 1 year after the expiration of his term as selectman.
(b) The selectmen shall not in any manner dictate the appointment or removal of any town administrative officers or employees whom the town administrator or any of his subordinates are empowered to appoint. The board of selectmen may express its views and fully and freely discuss with the town administrator anything pertaining to appointments and removal of such officers and employees.
(c) Except for the purpose of inquiries and investigations, the board of selectmen and its members shall deal with town officers and employees who are subject to the direction and supervision of the town administrator, solely through the town administrator, and neither the board of selectmen nor any of its members shall give orders to any such officer or employee, either publicly or privately.
Section 4.3 SCHOOL COMMITTEE
The school committee shall be composed of 7 members. Each member shall be elected from the town at-large to a 3 year term. The 3 year terms of office for school committee shall be staggered.
Section 4.3.1 GENERAL POWERS AND DUTIES
The school committee shall have all the powers and duties given to school committees by the General Laws. The school committee shall have the power to select, oversee, and to terminate the superintendent of schools, establish educational goals and policies for the schools consistent with requirements of the General Laws and standards established by the commonwealth.
Section 4.3.2 VACANCIES
Vacancies in the school committee shall be filled by special election if there is more than 6 months remaining for the term of that position. The board of selectmen shall, within 10 days after the occurrence of a vacancy, call a special election that shall be held not less than 65 days nor more than 90 days after issuing the call.
Section 4.4 MODERATOR
A moderator shall be elected by the voters for a term of 3 years. In the event of absence of the moderator the town meeting may elect a temporary moderator, for the purpose of presiding over the town meeting.
Section 4.4.1 POWERS AND DUTIES
(a) The moderator shall have the powers and duties provided by the General Laws, by this charter, by by-law or by any other town meeting vote.
(b) The moderator shall appoint members of the finance committee which shall consist of 9 members. Should the moderator fail to fill a vacancy on the finance committee within 45 days of having been notified in writing by the town clerk of said vacancy a majority of the remaining members of the finance committee may nominate a person for each such vacancy. Should the moderator fail to take action on said nomination within 21 days, the nominee shall become a member of the finance committee.
(c) The moderator shall appoint members to other committees as directed by town meeting.
Section 4.5 TOWN CLERK
A town clerk shall be elected by the voters at the annual town election, for a term of 3 years.
Section 4.6 TAX COLLECTOR
A tax collector shall be elected by the voters at the annual town election, for a term of 3 years.
Section 4.7 BOARDS, COMMITTEES AND OFFICERS
(a) Each board or committee will be organized and charged with the powers and duties specified in the General Laws and special acts of the commonwealth, town by-law or elsewhere in this charter. The board of selectmen may also, from time to time, establish boards or committees to address specific needs or issues. Each board or committee shall, at its annual organization meeting, elect a presiding officer and shall cause the board of selectmen and the town clerk to be notified of its selection. Such boards and committees shall make a written annual report of its activities to the board of selectmen.
(b) Members of permanent committees shall be elected for a staggered term of 3 years unless otherwise provided for by the General Laws or this charter. Appointees to temporary and special committees shall be appointed by the board of selectmen for the duration of the charge of the board or committee. Boards, committees or officers specifically provided for by the General Laws or this charter may be continued or terminated only by the board of selectmen. `tuc ARTICLE V ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES
Section 5.1 TOWN ADMINISTRATOR
Section 5.1.1 APPOINTMENT AND QUALIFICATIONS
The board of selectmen by majority vote of the entire board shall appoint a town administrator. The method of selection shall be left to the discretion of the board of selectmen so long as the method of selection insures orderly, nonpartisan action toward securing a competent and qualified person to fill the position. The town administrator shall be chosen solely upon the basis of his/her executive and administrative training, experience and ability and need not, when appointed, be a resident of the town of Sandwich; however, during the tenure of his/her office he/she shall reside within the town. The town administrator shall be bonded at town expense.
Section 5.1.2 COMPENSATION
The town administrator shall receive compensation as may be fixed by the board of selectmen according to his/her expertise, education and training. Any contract between the board of selectmen and the town administrator shall be made pursuant to section 108N of chapter 41 of the General Laws.
Section 5.1.3 TERM AND REMOVAL
The town administrator may be appointed for a definite term but may be removed at the discretion of the board of selectmen, by vote of the majority of the entire board. The action of the board of selectmen in suspending or removing the town administrator shall be final. It is the intention of this charter to invest all authority and fix all responsibilities of such suspension or removal in the board of selectmen.
Section 5.1.4 POWERS AND DUTIES
The town administrator shall be responsible to the board of selectmen for the proper administration of all the affairs of the town consistent with the General Laws and this charter, and shall:
(a) appoint, discipline, suspend, or remove town employees, including civil service positions, except that the approval of the board of selectmen shall be required for appointment of department heads and the assistant town administrator;
(b) supervise and direct all appointed department heads;
(c) administer and enforce all provisions of General Laws or special acts of the commonwealth, or town by-laws, and all regulations established by the board of selectmen;
(d) coordinate activities of all town departments;
(e) attend all sessions of the town meeting and answer all questions addressed to the town administrator which are related to the warrant articles and to matters under the general supervision of the town administrator;
(f) keep the board of selectmen fully informed as to the needs of the town, and recommend to the selectmen for adoption such measures requiring action by them or by the town as the town administrator deems necessary or expedient;
(g) ensure that complete and full records of the financial and administrative activity of the town are maintained and render reports to the board of selectmen as may be required;
(h) be responsible for the rental, use, maintenance, repair and the development of a comprehensive maintenance program for all town facilities;
(i) serve as the chief procurement officer and be responsible for the purchase of all supplies, materials, and equipment, and approve the award of all contracts. Any contract over $500,000 will require approval by the board of selectmen;
(j) develop and maintain a formal and complete inventory of all town owned real and personal property and equipment;
(k) administer personnel policies, practices, rules and regulations, any compensation plan and any related matters for all municipal employees and to administer all collective bargaining agreements entered into by the town;
(l) fix the compensation of all town employees and officers appointed by the town administrator within the limits established by appropriation and any applicable compensation plan and collective bargaining agreements;
(m) be responsible for the negotiation of all contracts with town employees regarding wages, and other terms and conditions of employment, except employees of the school department. The town administrator may, subject to the approval of the board of selectmen, employ special counsel to assist in the performance of these duties. Collective bargaining agreements shall be subject to the approval of the board of selectmen, and to chapter 150E of the General Laws;
(n) prepare and submit an annual operating budget and capital improvement program as provided in paragraph (b) of section 7.1 of this charter and be responsible for its administration after its adoption. The town administrator may transfer funds between individual line items within a department account;
(o) keep the board of selectmen and the finance committee fully informed as to the financial condition of the town and make recommendations to the board of selectmen;
(p) prepare and submit to the board of selectmen at the end of the fiscal year a comprehensive report on the finances and the activities and operations of all departments, boards and committees of the town;
(q) investigate or inquire into the affairs of any town department or office;
(r) delegate, authorize or direct any subordinate or employee in the town to exercise any power, duty, or responsibility which the office of town administrator is authorized to exercise, provided, that all acts performed under such delegation shall be deemed the acts of the town administrator; and
(s) perform such other duties as necessary or as may be assigned by this charter, town by-law, town meeting vote, or vote of the board of selectmen.
Section 5.1.5 ACTING TOWN ADMINISTRATOR
The assistant town administrator shall perform the duties of the town administrator in his/her absence. In the event of long-term disability, resignation, termination, or vacancy of both the town administrator and the assistant town administrator at the same time, the board of selectmen shall appoint an acting town administrator for the duration of any such disability, or until appointment of a permanent town administrator or assistant town administrator. No member of the board of selectmen shall serve as acting town administrator.
Section 5.2 TOWN COUNSEL
The board of selectmen shall appoint a competent and duly qualified and licensed attorney practicing in the commonwealth, who shall be the counsel for the town. He/she shall receive for his/her services such compensation as may be fixed by the board of selectmen and shall hold his/her office at the pleasure of the board. The town counsel shall be the legal adviser of all of the offices and departments of the town, and he/she shall represent the town in all litigation and legal proceedings; provided, that the board of selectmen may retain special counsel at any time they deem appropriate and necessary. He/she shall review and concur or dissent upon all documents, contracts, and legal instruments in which the town may have an interest. The town counsel shall perform other duties prescribed by this charter, town by-law, or as directed by the board of selectmen.
Section 5.3 PUBLIC FACILITIES
The town administrator shall, under the provisions of clause (a) of section 5.1.4 of this charter, appoint an individual as director of public facilities. The director shall, under the general supervision and direction of the town administrator, have general care of all town buildings and property, including, but not limited to, schools, fire, police, highway, cemetery, recreation and other municipal buildings and property. The director shall in consultation with department heads, boards and the capital planning committee develop and implement scheduled maintenance and repair of all public properties, excepting that daily maintenance and janitorial duties shall remain the responsibility of each department. The director shall have overall supervision of all funds specifically appropriated for the purpose of extraordinary maintenance of town property. `tuc ARTICLE VI PUBLIC RECORDS AND OPEN MEETINGS
All boards, committees, and commissions shall comply with sections 23A, 23B and 23C of chapter 39 of the General Laws, popularly known as the "Open Meeting Law", in the conduct of any town business.
ARTICLE VII FINANCIAL PROVISIONS AND ADMINISTRATION
Section 7.1 SUBMISSION OF BUDGET AND BUDGET MESSAGE
(a) Annually, prior to the first day of November, the town administrator shall establish and issue a budget schedule which shall set forth the calendar dates for developing the annual budget for the next fiscal year.
(b) On or before the first day of February, the town administrator shall submit to the board of selectmen and finance committee a proposed budget and accompanying message.
(c) The budget shall provide a complete financial plan of all town funds and activities, including details on debt and debt service, anticipated income, and proposed expenditures. The budget shall include proposals for capital improvements for the next 5 years. The budget message shall begin with a clear general summary of its content, and explain in both fiscal terms and work program objectives, proposed expenditures for each department, capital expenditures, and the projected tax rate.
(d) The board of selectmen shall review the proposed town budget and refer it, including the school department budget and recommendations, to the finance committee, on or before the first day of March.
Section 7.2 FINANCE COMMITTEE
(a) There shall be a permanent committee known as the finance committee, composed of 9 registered voters of the town appointed by the moderator. They shall serve for 3 year terms. Terms shall be staggered. Members shall serve without compensation and no member shall be an employee of the town nor hold an elected or appointed town position during their term of office, excluding ex-officio positions.
(b) The finance committee shall submit a written budget report to the annual town meeting and a written report to the annual town meeting and any special town meeting with its advisory recommendations on all financial warrant articles, and the projected tax impact consistent with its recommendations.
(c) The finance committee may require that the town administrator, any town department, office, board, commission or committee furnish appropriate additional financial information, as needed.
Section 7.3 PUBLIC NOTICE AND PUBLIC HEARING
(a) The finance committee shall within 60 days following the submission of the draft budget by the town administrator, review the proposed budget, and shall return it to the board of selectmen with their recommendations.
(b) The board of selectmen shall conduct at least 1 public hearing on the proposed budget, including the school budget, prior to the town meeting, and include the recommendations of the finance committee.
(c) The board of selectmen shall post in the town hall and publish in a daily newspaper of general circulation, a summary of the proposed budget and notice stating:
(1) the times and places where copies of the message and budget are available for inspection by the public, and
(2) the date, time and place where the board of selectmen shall conduct the public hearing on the budget.
Section 7.4 BUDGET ADOPTION
Town meeting shall adopt the annual operating budget, with or without amendments prior to the beginning of the fiscal year.
Section 7.5 ANNUAL AUDIT
At the close of each fiscal year, and at such times as it may be deemed necessary, the board of selectmen shall cause an independent audit to be made of all accounts of the town by a certified public accountant. The certified public accountant so selected shall have no personal interest, directly or indirectly in the financial affairs of the town or any of its offices. Upon completion of the audit, the results in a summary form shall be placed on file in the town clerk's office as a public record and in the Sandwich public library for public information.
Section 7.6 EMERGENCY APPROPRIATIONS, REDUCTIONS, AND TRANSFERS
Any and all emergency appropriations, reductions, and transfers will be made in accordance with the General Laws and the town by-laws.
ARTICLE VIII RECALL
Section 8.1 RECALL
Any holder of an elected office in the town of Sandwich may be recalled therefrom by the qualified voters of the town as provided in chapter 408 of the acts of 1987 for reasons which include but are not limited to the following: embezzlement; influence peddling; refusal to abide by or not comply with the conflict of interest law, open meeting law, public records law, rules and regulations thereto, and the by-laws of the town of Sandwich which pertains to same; destruction or alteration of public records; nepotism; conviction for a felony; failure to perform the duties of the elected office; or other willful acts of omission or commission which betray the public trust.
Section 8.2 RECALL PETITION
A recall petition shall be initiated by request of 10 qualified voters. The recall petition shall be signed by 25 per cent of the qualified voters and returned within 20 days in accordance with chapter 408 of the acts of 1987.
ARTICLE IX CHARTER
Section 9.1 SEVERABILITY
If any section, or part of a section of this charter, shall be held invalid by a court of competent jurisdiction, such holding shall not affect the remainder of this charter.
Section 9.2 CHARTER REVIEW COMMITTEE
At least every 5 years the selectmen shall appoint a charter review committee to be composed of 7 members for a period not longer than 6 months, who shall submit their recommendations to the board of selectmen and shall file proceedings of their deliberations.
Section 9.3 AMENDMENT TO CHARTER
This charter may be amended or revised by special act of the general court upon the recommendation of town meeting, or pursuant to chapter 43B of the General Laws.
SECTION 2. This act shall be submitted for acceptance to the voters of the town of Sandwich at an annual or special town election in the form of the following question which shall be placed on the official ballot: "Shall an act passed by the general court in the year 2002, entitled 'An Act providing for a charter for the town of Sandwich' be accepted?" If a majority of the votes cast in answer to the question is in the affirmative, this act shall take effect, but not otherwise.