SECTION 1. Section 4B of Chapter 46 of the General Laws is hereby amended by striking it in its entirety and inserting in place thereof the following:-
Section 4B. Parental Surrogacy
As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the following meanings:-
“Assisted Reproduction”, a method of causing pregnancy other than sexual intercourse. The term includes, but is not limited to: (a) artificial insemination; (b) male or female gametes; (c) donation of embryos; (d) in-vitro fertilization and transfer of embryos; (e) intracytoplasmic sperm injection.
“Child” means an individual, or individuals in the event of a multiple pregnancy, who is created from the genetic material of both of Intended Parents, the genetic material of one of the Intended Parents and the genetic material of donor egg or donor sperm, the genetic material of both donor egg and donor sperm, or donated embryos and carried by a Gestational Carrier.
“Donor” means an individual who contributes a gamete or gametes or an embryo or embryos for the purpose of assisted reproduction with no claim or claims to present or future parental rights and obligations of any resulting child. A Donor is not a parent of a child conceived through assisted reproduction.
“Gamete”, either the ovum (egg) or the spermatozoa (sperm).
“Gestational Carrier”, a woman who is neither an intended parent nor a donor, who agrees to become pregnant with a Child, created from the gametes of others and not her own, by assisted reproduction and pursuant to a gestational carrier arrangement.
“Gestational Carrier Agreement”, a written contract between the gestational carrier, her spouse or partner, if any, and the intended parent or parents, that sets forth the obligations, rights, and duties of the parties to a gestational carrier arrangement.
“Intended Parent”, a person who intends to become a parent of any Child that results from a gestational carrier agreement and is a party to such agreement and without determination of a genetic connection to the Child. This term shall include intended mothers, intended fathers, or a combination of both.
(b) Parentage Orders
Any of the parties to a gestational carrier agreement may petition the district court for a parentage order declaring that the Intended Parent(s) is/are the sole parents of a Child resulting from assisted reproduction and a gestational carrier and her spouse or partner, if any, are not the parent the parent or parents of such Child. Such a petition may be brought pre- or post-birth in the Probate & Family court in the county where the gestational carrier resides, where the Intended Parent(s) reside, or where the resulting Child is born or is expected to be born. Sworn affidavits of the parties and assisted reproductive physician demonstrating the intent of the parties for the Intended Parent(s) to be the sole legal parent(s) of the Child and that the Child was conceived through assisted reproduction shall be sufficient to permit such a finding and a hearing shall not be required unless the court requires additional information which cannot reasonably be ascertained without a hearing. The court shall, within thirty (30) days of the filing of the petition, grant the petition upon a finding that the intent of the parties was for the Intended Parent or parents to be the sole legal parents of the Child and that the Child was conceived through assisted reproduction. Such parentage orders issued under this section shall conclusively establish or affirm, where applicable, the parent-child relationship.
(c) Upon the request of any party, such parentage order shall direct that the certificate of birth name the Intended Parent(s) as the sole parent(s) of the resulting Child and that such certificate of birth shall not name the gestational carrier or her spouse or partner, if any, as the parent or parents of the resulting Child.
(d) All proceedings pursuant to this section shall be closed to the public, and papers and records pertaining to such proceedings shall be subject to inspection only upon consent of all the parties or upon a showing of good cause supported by a court order. However, when a Child who is a subject of a parentage order, upon reaching the age of eighteen (18), the child may have access to the court documents and pleadings in his or her case.
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