The General Court finds that chapter 138 of the General Laws governs offenses relating to alcohol offenses by individuals under the age of 21 and that many such offenders are not aware of the serious issues which may arise from the use and abuse of alcohol. Therefore, the General Court is establishing a pilot program designed to provide a new method of dealing with individuals under the age of 21 who could otherwise be charged criminally with violations of chapter 138. The General Court states that the purpose of the program is to provide education to individuals under the legal drinking age who have been charged for the first time with violating laws relating to procurement, possession or use of alcoholic beverages. The General Court has determined that the program shall only be applicable to first time violators under the age of 21 who have not previously been convicted under chapter 138 of an offense involving alcohol. The program shall not limit the ability of the court to impose additional penalties upon or require restitution from those program participants who have also been charged with a separate crime for causing personal injury or personal or real property damage during the commission of any offense under sections 34 through 34D, inclusive.
SECTION 1. Chapter 138 of the General Laws is hereby amended by adding the following 2 sections:-
Section 34E. (a) There shall be established within the commonwealth a pilot program for a period of three years from the effective date of this section to study the effectiveness of mandatory alcohol education programs on individuals under the age of 21, subject to the exception identified below in subsection (b), who have been charged with first-time violations of sections 34¬ through 34D, inclusive, of this chapter.
(b) Any individual under the age of 21 who is charged, for the first time, with a violation of any provision of section 34 to 34D, inclusive, subsequent to the effective date of this section shall have said charges treated as a non-criminal matter under the pilot program. If such individual under the age of 21 is also charged with and found to have caused personal injury or personal or real property damage during the commission of a violation under section 34 to 34D, inclusive, the court shall retain the authority to impose additional penalties or require restitution for such injury or damage in accordance with the applicable law; provided, further, that an individual under the age of 21 convicted of any offense under section 34 to 34D, inclusive, prior to the effective date of this section shall not be eligible for participation in said program.
(c) Any violations of section 34 to 34D arising from a single event shall be considered part of the first-time non-criminal matter, hereinafter a “first time offender event”. Violations arising from the same event other than those under this chapter shall be treated separately under the applicable statutes.
(d) The police officer shall give to such first time offender at the time and place of the offense, a written notice to appear before the clerk of the district court having jurisdiction thereof at any time during office hours, not later than 21 days after the date of such notice. Such written notice shall be in triplicate and shall contain the name and address, if known, of the offender, the specific offense charged, and the time and place for his required appearance. Such notice shall be signed by the police officer and shall be signed by the offender whenever practicable in acknowledgment that such notice has been received.
If it is not possible to deliver a copy of said notice to the offender at the time and place of the offense, the copy shall be mailed by first class mail, or delivered by the police officer, or by his commanding officer or by any person authorized by such commanding officer, to the offender's last known address, within 15 days after said violation. The notice as so mailed shall be deemed a sufficient notice, and a certificate of the person so mailing such notice that it has been mailed in accordance with this section shall be prima facie evidence thereof.
At or before the completion of each tour of duty, or at the beginning of the first subsequent tour of duty, the police officer shall give to his commanding officer a copy of each notice of an offense he has taken cognizance of during such tour which has not already been delivered or mailed by him as aforesaid. The commanding officer shall retain and safely preserve 1 copy and shall, at a time not later than the next court day after such delivery or mailing, deliver the other copy to the clerk of the court before which the offender has been notified to appear. The clerk of each district court shall maintain a separate docket of such notices to appear.
The chief of police in each city or town shall direct the department's liquor enforcement officer or another appropriate member of the police department to act as a liaison between the department and the clerk's office of the district court having jurisdiction of such offenses.
(e) In addition to the notice requirement provided above, an additional copy of the violation notice mailed or delivered to a person under the age of 18 shall be mailed or delivered to at least 1 parent or legal guardian of the person. Whenever practicable, department shall also be responsible for making a telephone call to a parent or legal guardian of a person under the age of 18 for the purpose of notification.
(f) Any person notified to appear before the clerk of a district court as provided may so appear and make an admission of having violated one of the provisions of section 34 to 34D as charged. Said admission may be given personally or through a duly authorized agent. This shall not be deemed a criminal proceeding. Upon appearance and admission to the section 34 to 34D offense charged, the individual under the age of 21 shall pay into the fund established in section 34F, a fine of $300 for each such separately identified violation of sections 34 to 34D included in the first-time
offender event and he shall agree to attend an approved alcohol awareness program as described below. For any first-time violation of section 34A or 34C, the court shall report the same to the registrar of motor vehicles and the offender's license or right to operate a motor vehicle shall be suspended as provided in the applicable section.
If any person so notified to appear desires to contest the section 34 to 34D offense alleged in the notice to appear and also to avail himself of the procedure established pursuant to this paragraph, he may, within 21 days after the date of the notice, request a hearing in writing. Such hearing shall be held before a district court judge, clerk, or assistant clerk, as the court shall direct, and if the judge, clerk, or assistant clerk shall, after hearing, find that the section 34 to 34D offense occurred and that it was committed by the person so notified to appear, the person so notified shall be permitted to a disposition of the case by paying into the fund established in section 34F a fine of $300 for each such section 34 to 34D offense included in the first-time offender event and he shall attend an approved alcohol awareness program as set forth in this section. For any first-time violation of section 34A or 34C, the court shall report the same to the registrar of motor vehicles and the offender's license or right to operate a motor vehicle shall be suspended as provided in the applicable section. Any proceeding held under this paragraph shall not be deemed a criminal proceeding.
If the judge, clerk, or assistant clerk shall, after a hearing, find that the section 34 to 34D offense alleged did not occur or was not committed by the person notified to appear, that finding shall be entered in the docket, which shall operate as a final disposition of the case. Any proceeding held under this paragraph shall not be deemed to be a criminal proceeding.
(g) The alcohol awareness program must provide at least 4 hours of classroom instruction and 1 hour of group discussion; provided, further, that said program shall also require 10 hours of community service. The subject matter of any such alcohol awareness program shall be specific to the use and abuse of alcohol with particular emphasis on early detection and prevention of alcohol abuse. Such program must also incorporate a component specifically addressing the issue of alcohol use by individuals under the age of 21 and the particular pressures exerted on such individuals with respect to alcohol. Notice of completion of the alcohol awareness program by each participant shall be provided in writing by the approved program to the court.
(h) Any alcohol awareness program in which an individual wishes to complete his required attendance must be included on a list to be established and approved by the state bureau of educational services within the department of youth services or any successor to said bureau.
(i) Any fines assessed under subsection (f) shall be paid within 2 months of the date of admission or finding; provided, further, that attendance at the required alcohol awareness program shall be completed within 1 year of the date of the admission or finding.
(j) If the individual under the age of 21 completes the alcohol awareness program and pays the fine as provided in subsection (f) within the time period set forth in subsection (i), those offenses shall not become part of the individual's criminal record. However, records shall be maintained separately by the criminal history systems board showing the name, address, section 34 to 34D offense and age at the time of offense of each individual who has participated in the pilot program and has successfully completed it. Such records shall be available to police departments and courts for the purpose of determining eligibility to participate in the pilot program. Such records shall also be available to police departments and courts for the purpose of charging subsequent violations of section 34 to 34D by the same individuals as second or subsequent offenses under said sections; or charging individuals as second or subsequent offenders under any other provisions of the General Laws which would otherwise treat the first-time offenses under section 34-34D as the first offense in a statute which imposes greater penalties for second and subsequent offenses.
(k) An admission by an individual under the age of 18 or a finding of a violation of a section 34 to 34D offense may be considered factually in a CHINS petition against an individual subject to such petition under sections 21 to 51H of chapter 119 or any other federal or state statute relating to children in need of services.
(l) Upon the failure of a person under the age of 2l to pay the required fines and complete the alcohol awareness program, the registrar of motor vehicles shall suspend the offender's license or permit to operate for 180 days. This suspension shall be separate from any suspension set forth in this section for a violation of sections 34A or 34C.
Section 34F. There is hereby established a Alcohol Awareness Education Fund, hereinafter “the Fund”. One hundred dollars of any first-time section 34 to34D fine imposed against an individual under the age of 21 pursuant to the pilot program established in section 34E shall be deposited into this fund with the remainder deposited into the General Fund. Each such section 34 to 34D fine imposed for a separate violation of any provision any of those sections shall be considered a separate fine. Monies accumulated in the Fund shall be made available by the department of public safety and security in the form of grants to municipal police departments to aid in the development of additional programs in the public schools and to address the issues of alcohol use and abuse prevention.
SECTION 2. Six months prior to the end of the third year of the pilot program, each police department within the commonwealth shall provide to the General Court a report on the effectiveness of the pilot program, including the number of participants and the recidivism rate for those persons under the age of 21 who have participated therein. The General Court shall then determine whether such pilot program should be extended. If the General Court does not so extend the pilot program, said program shall automatically terminate at the end of the third year.
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