SECTION 1. The General Laws, as so appearing in the 2012 Official Edition, are hereby amended by adding the following chapter:-
Chapter 111O. Mobile Integrated Health Care.
Section 1. As used in this chapter, the following words shall have the following meanings, unless the context or subject matter clearly requires otherwise:-
“Advisory council”, the group of advisors established pursuant to section 3.
“Commissioner”, the commissioner of public health.
“Department”, the department of public health.
“Community paramedic provider”, a person who (1) is certified as a paramedic in accordance with the provisions of chapter 111C and department regulations; and (2) has successfully completed an education program for mobile integrated health care, in accordance with department regulations.
“Health care facility”, a licensed institution providing health care services or a health care setting, including, but not limited to, hospitals, and other inpatient centers, ambulatory surgical or treatment centers, behavioral health centers, skilled nursing centers, residential treatment centers, diagnostic, laboratory and imaging centers, and rehabilitation and other therapeutic health centers.
“Health care entity”, a provider or provider organization, including, but not limited to, ambulance services licensed under chapter 111C, visiting nurse associations, accountable care organizations, and home health agencies.
“Health care provider”, a provider of medical, behavioral or health services or any other person or organization that furnishes bills or is paid for health care services delivery in the normal course of business.
“Mobile integrated health care” or “MIH”, a health care program that utilizes mobile resources to deliver care and services to patients in an out-of-hospital environment in coordination with health care facilities or other health care providers. Such medical care and services include, but are not limited to, community paramedic provider services, chronic disease management, behavioral health, preventative care, post-discharge follow-up visits, or transport or referral to facilities other than hospital emergency departments.
“Medical control”, the clinical oversight provided by a qualified physician, nurse practitioner or physician assistant, to all components of the MIH program, including, without limitation, medical direction, training, scope of practice and authorization to practice of a community paramedic provider, continuous quality assurance and improvement, and clinical protocols established under this chapter by the department in regulation.
“Medical direction”, the authorization for treatment provided by a qualified physician, nurse practitioner or physician assistant in accordance with clinical protocols, established under this chapter by the department in regulation whether on-line, through direct communication or telecommunication, or off-line through standing orders.
“Nurse practitioner”, an individual duly licensed under section 80B of chapter 112.
“Patient”, an individual identified by a healthcare facility, entity or provider as requiring MIH services in accordance with department regulations.
“Person”, an individual, an entity or an agency or political subdivision of the commonwealth.
“Physician”, a medical or osteopathic doctor licensed to practice medicine in the commonwealth.
“Physician assistant”, an individual duly registered under the provisions of section 9F of chapter 112.
“Scope of practice”, the clinical skills or functions (1) as defined by the Statewide Treatment Protocols governing the delivery of emergency medical services under chapter 111C; (2) clinical protocols established under this chapter by the department in regulation; and (3) any other requirements established by department regulations.
Section 2. The department shall establish a program of mobile integrated health care within its bureau of health care safety and quality. With respect to the program, the department shall have the following powers and duties:
(a) to plan, guide, assist, coordinate and regulate the development of a unified MIH program.
(b) to establish minimum standards and criteria for all elements of the program, taking into consideration relevant standards and criteria developed or adopted by nationally recognized agencies or organizations, and the recommendations of interested stakeholders, including, without limitation, the statewide mobile integrated health advisory council, established in section 3;
(c) to develop and implement a state mobile integrated health care plan, in consultation with the advisory board, which shall be updated at least once every three years and which shall address the distribution of all elements of mobile integrated health care in the state, so that quality services shall be reasonably available to all residents of the commonwealth at the lowest aggregate reasonable cost;
(d) to ensure that health care providers operating MIH programs collect and maintain data, including statistics on mortality and morbidity of consumers of mobile integrated health services, including but not limited to, information needed to review access, availability, quality, cost and third party reimbursement for such services, and coordinate and perform such data collection in conjunction with other data collection activities;
(e) to establish minimum criteria for MIH to be followed by health care facilities, health care entities and health care providers, to ensure that MIH programs meet the following criteria:
(1) provide pre-hospital and post-hospital services as a coordinated continuum of care that fully supports the patient’s medical needs in the community;
(2) address gaps in service delivery and prevent unnecessary hospitalizations, or other harmful and wasteful resource delivery;
(3) focus on partnerships, through contracts or otherwise, between health care providers and health care entities that promote coordination and utilization of existing personnel and resources without duplication of services;
(4) adhere to clinical standards and protocols, established under this chapter by the department in regulation, with the guidance of the advisory council, to ensure that MIH community paramedic providers or other providers employed by a health care entity provide health care services or treatment within their scope of practice;
(5) dispatch only those community paramedic providers or other providers employed by a health care entity who have received appropriate training and demonstrate competency in the MIH clinical protocols;
(6) meet appropriate standards related to capacity, location, personnel and equipment;
(7) ensure that every MIH program shall have access to qualified medical control and medical direction;
(8) provide a secure and effective medical communication subsystem linkage for on-line medical direction;
(9) ensure activation of the 911 system in the event that a patient of an MIH program experiences a medical emergency, as determined through medical direction, in the course of an MIH visit provided such activation is in the best interest of patient safety; and
(10) ensure compliance with all state and federal privacy requirements with regard to patient medical records and other individually identified patient health information.
(f) to issue rules, regulations, guidelines and orders, and delegate authority to its divisions, employees and agents, and to the advisory board, as may be necessary or appropriate to carry out the provisions of this chapter, provided that such regulations shall take into account how MIH programs effect EMS first response services, and provided further that the department shall examine how 911 triage trees may be incorporated into MIH; and
(g) to take any other action consistent with its role as state lead agency for mobile integrated health services.
Section 3. (a) There shall be established a mobile integrated health advisory board, which shall assist and support the department in carrying out the provisions of this chapter and in developing and implementing the state mobile integrated health plan, by planning, guiding and coordinating the components of mobile integrated health services.
(b) The advisory council shall consist of the director of the bureau of health care safety and quality, or a designee, who shall serve as a non-voting chair, and 17 members who shall be appointed by the commissioner and who shall reflect a broad distribution of diverse perspectives on mobile integrated health care, including appointees or their designees from the following groups: the division of medical assistance, Massachusetts Hospital Association; Massachusetts Council of Community Hospitals; a for-profit hospital system that is not a member of another hospital advocacy group; Massachusetts Senior Care Association; Massachusetts Medical Society; Massachusetts Chapter of the American College of Emergency Physicians; Massachusetts Nurses Association; Home Care Alliance of Massachusetts; Professional Fire Fighters of Massachusetts; Fire Chiefs Association of Massachusetts; International Association of EMTs and Paramedics; Massachusetts Ambulance Association; Hospice and Palliative Care Association of Massachusetts; 2 members representing private payors; and the Massachusetts Association of Hospital-Based Paramedic Services.
SECTION 2. Clause (3) of section 19 of Chapter 111C, as appearing in the 2012 Official Edition, is hereby amended by striking the words “approved under this chapter;” and inserting in place thereof the following words:--
approved under this chapter or chapter 111O;
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