HOUSE DOCKET, NO. 2439        FILED ON: 1/19/2017

HOUSE  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  No. 2028


The Commonwealth of Massachusetts



Carolyn C. Dykema


To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General
Court assembled:

The undersigned legislators and/or citizens respectfully petition for the adoption of the accompanying bill:

An Act to protect student privacy.






Date Added:

Carolyn C. Dykema

8th Middlesex


José F. Tosado

9th Hampden


Denise Provost

27th Middlesex


James M. Cantwell

4th Plymouth


Richard J. Ross

Norfolk, Bristol and Middlesex


Leonard Mirra

2nd Essex


Jay R. Kaufman

15th Middlesex


Kenneth I. Gordon

21st Middlesex


James B. Eldridge

Middlesex and Worcester


Marjorie C. Decker

25th Middlesex


Bradley H. Jones, Jr.

20th Middlesex


Kay Khan

11th Middlesex


Michelle M. DuBois

10th Plymouth


Kate Hogan

3rd Middlesex


Brian Murray

10th Worcester


Paul R. Heroux

2nd Bristol


Keiko M. Orrall

12th Bristol


Michael S. Day

31st Middlesex


Alice Hanlon Peisch

14th Norfolk


Paul Brodeur

32nd Middlesex



HOUSE DOCKET, NO. 2439        FILED ON: 1/19/2017

HOUSE  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  No. 2028

By Ms. Dykema of Holliston, a petition (accompanied by bill, House, No. 2028) of Carolyn C. Dykema and others relative to access to personal technological devices by schools.  Education.


The Commonwealth of Massachusetts



In the One Hundred and Ninetieth General Court



An Act to protect student privacy.


Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:

SECTION 1. The General Laws are hereby amended by inserting after section 94 of chapter 71 the following section:-

Section 95.

(a) For the purposes of this section, the following words shall have the following meanings:--

“Personal device”, a technological device owned, leased, or lawfully possessed by a student that was not provided to the student by the school or school district.

“Technological device”, any computer, cellular phone, smartphone, digital camera, video camera, audio recording device, or other electronic device that can be used for creating, storing, or transmitting information in the form of electronic data.

“Third party”, any person or entity other than a school employee, student, or parent or legal guardian of a student.

(b) Educational institutions shall have the discretion to limit or prohibit the possession or use of certain personal devices by students on school property.  A violation of such a limitation or prohibition shall not be the sole basis for a reasonable suspicion to access the device.

(c) No school employee or third party shall access any data or other content input into or stored upon a personal device of a student, notwithstanding any violation of school code of conduct provisions regarding possession or use of such device, unless:

(1) A school employee has a reasonable suspicion that a student has violated or is violating a separate provision of the code of conduct and that the device contains evidence thereof, subject to the following limitations:

(i)Searches of shall be conducted only of personal devices located on school property.

(ii)Prior to searching a student’s personal device based on reasonable suspicion, the school employee shall document such reasonable suspicion and notify the student and the student’s parent or legal guardian of the suspected violation and the type of data sought to be accessed in searching for evidence of the violation.

(iii)Searches of a student’s personal device based on reasonable suspicion shall be strictly limited to locating evidence of the particular suspected policy violation.

(iv)Where a student is suspected of conduct which is a criminal offense under the general laws, no search shall be undertaken without the authorization of a valid judicial warrant secured in accordance with subsection (c)(2), notwithstanding any suspected violation of the school code of conduct.

(2) Authorized by a valid warrant for the search of the device issued pursuant to the requirements of sections 2 through 3A of chapter 276; or

(3) Accessing a student’s personal device is necessary in response to an imminent threat to life or safety. Within 72 hours of accessing a personal device in response to an imminent threat to life or safety, the school employee or law enforcement official who accessed the device shall provide the student whose device was accessed, the student’s parent or legal guardian, and the educational institution a written description of the particular threat and the data accessed.

(d) Evidence or information obtained or collected in violation of this section shall not be admissible as evidence in any civil or criminal trial or legal proceeding, disciplinary action, or administrative hearing.