SECTION 1. Section 100B of chapter 276 of the General Laws, as appearing in the 2014 Official Edition, is hereby amended by striking out said section in its entirety and inserting in place thereof the following new section:-
(a)Any person having a record of entries of a court appearance in any proceeding pursuant to section 52 to 62 of chapter 119, inclusive, in the commonwealth on file in the office of the commissioner of probation may, on a form furnished by the commissioner, signed under the penalties of perjury, request that the commissioner seal such file. The commissioner shall comply with such request provided (1) that any court appearance or disposition including court supervision, probation, commitment or parole, the records for which are to be sealed, terminated not less than one year prior to said request; (2) that said person has not been adjudicated delinquent or found guilty of any criminal offense within the commonwealth in the one year preceding such request, except motor vehicle offenses in which the penalty does not exceed a fine of five-hundred and fifty dollars nor been imprisoned under sentence or committed as a delinquent within the commonwealth within the preceding one year; and (3) said form includes a statement by the petitioner that he has not been adjudicated delinquent or found guilty of any criminal offense in any other state, United States possession or in a court of federal jurisdiction, except such motor vehicle offenses as aforesaid, and has not been imprisoned under sentence or committed as a delinquent in any state or county within the preceding one year.
(b)At the time of dismissal of a case, nolle prosequi, non-adjudication or when imposing any sentence, period of commitment or probation, or other disposition under section 58 of said chapter 119, the court shall inform all juveniles in writing of their right to seek sealing under this section, and that if the case ended in a dismissal, nolle prosequi, or without an adjudication, the court shall order sealing of the record at the time of the disposition unless the person charged with the offense objects. The court shall also notify said juvenile that the record will be expunged three years after it is sealed unless the person charged with the offense objects.
(c)When records of delinquency and youthful offender appearances and dispositions are sealed by the commissioner in his files, the commissioner shall notify forthwith the clerk and the probation officer of the courts in which the adjudications or dispositions have occurred, or other entries have been made, police department from where the charges originated and the department of youth services of such sealing, and said clerks, probation officers, police department and department of youth services likewise shall seal records of the same proceedings in their files. Sealing of records under this section shall not preclude expungement of police records. The commissioner of probation also shall notify the State Police of such sealing and the State Police shall notify the Federal Bureau of Investigation of the sealing order and request that the FBI note that the record was sealed in its records if it has a record of the case.
Such sealed records of a person shall not operate to disqualify a person in any future examination, appointment or application for public service under the government of the commonwealth or of any political subdivision thereof; nor shall such sealed records be admissible in evidence or used in any way in any court proceedings or hearings before any boards of commissioners, except in imposing sentence for subsequent offenses in juvenile or criminal proceedings.
Notwithstanding any other provision to the contrary, the commissioner shall report such sealed juvenile record to inquiring police and court agencies only as ''sealed juvenile record over one year old'' and to other authorized persons who may inquire as ''no record''. The information contained in said sealed juvenile record shall be made available to a judge or probation officer who affirms that such person, whose record has been sealed, has been adjudicated a delinquent or has pleaded guilty or has been found guilty of and is awaiting sentence for a crime committed subsequent to sealing of such record. Said information shall be used only for the purpose of consideration in imposing sentence.
SECTION 2. Said chapter 276, as so, is hereby further amended adding, after section 100D, the following new section:-
Section 100E. Expungement of a court record.
(a)For the purpose of this section, the words expunge, expunged and expungement shall mean permanent erasure or destruction of information so that the information is no longer maintained in any file or record in an electronic, paper or other physical form.
(b)Notwithstanding section 100B, a person with a record of court appearances and dispositions in any proceeding pursuant to section 52 to 62 of chapter 119, inclusive, shall have the records of such a proceeding expunged upon the filing of a petition to expunge records with the commissioner of probation provided that:
(1) any juvenile court appearance or disposition including court supervision, probation, commitment or parole, the sealed records of misdemeanor offenses for which are to be expunged terminated not less than three years prior to said request; other sealed records may be expunged upon the filing of a petition with the court in which the appearance or disposition occurred if there is good cause to expunge the record, which shall include a determination of whether there is a foreseeable disadvantage related to employment, housing or access to other opportunities if the records are not expunged.
(2) that said person had no juvenile adjudication, was not found guilty of any criminal offense within the commonwealth in the three years preceding such request, except motor vehicle offenses in which the penalty does not exceed a fine of five hundred and fifty dollars, and was not imprisoned under sentence or committed to the Department of Youth Services within the commonwealth within the preceding three years; and
(3) said form includes a statement by the petitioner that during the preceding three years, the petitioner had no juvenile adjudication , was not found guilty of a criminal offense in any other state, United States possession or in a court of federal jurisdiction, except such motor vehicle offenses as aforesaid, and was not imprisoned under sentence or committed as a juvenile in any state or county within the preceding three years.
(c)The court shall also allow a petitioner to expunge the record if a case ended in a dismissal, nolle prosequi, or without an adjudication because: (1) the person charged with an offense was misidentified or mistakenly charged with an offense due to an error by law enforcement or court employees, or the person arrested or accused of committing the offense provided a false name; or (2) fraud was perpetrated on the court related to offense.
(d)The form of the petition to expunge shall be furnished by the commissioner of probation.
(e)For any petition to expunge granted under this section, the clerks and probation officers of the courts in which the proceedings occurred or were initiated shall expunge all the records of the proceedings in their files in their paper, electronic, and any other form.
(f)Notwithstanding any other general or special law to the contrary, in the case of an expunged record, the commissioner of probation and the clerk of courts in a district court, superior court, juvenile court and the Boston municipal court, shall report that no record exists in response to inquiries.
An applicant for employment, housing or an occupational license with an expunged record may answer no record to any inquiry regarding prior arrests, adjudications or other dispositions that were contained in an expunged record.
The expunged record shall not operate to disqualify any person in an examination, appointment or application for public employment in the service of the commonwealth or a subdivision thereof and no such appearances or dispositions shall be used against a person in any way in any court proceeding or hearing before a court, board or commission to which that person is a party to the proceeding.
(g)Notwithstanding any General or Special Laws to the contrary, once the commissioner of probation expunges the records within the commissioner’s possession, the commissioner shall notify the department of youth services of the expungement and the department shall expunge such records from the department’s files. Any records subject to an expungement order shall be expunged in their paper, electronic and any other physical form.
(h)The commissioner of probation shall also notify the State Police of such expungement and the State Police shall notify the Federal Bureau of Investigation of the expungement order and request that the FBI expunge its fingerprint and other records related to the case.
SECTION 3. Notwithstanding any general or special law to the contrary, juvenile records, including, but not limited to, juvenile conviction data, juvenile arrest data, or juvenile sealed record data, shall not be shared with the Registry of Motor Vehicles by the court, probation, district attorney, law enforcement agencies, the department of criminal justice information services, or any other agency or entity that lawfully possesses such records.
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