SECTION 1. Chapter 6 of the General Laws is hereby amended by inserting after section 178Q, as appearing in the 2014 Official Edition, the following section:-
Section 178R. (a) For purposes of this section and section 178S, the following words shall, unless the context clearly requires otherwise, have the following meanings:
“Child” or “children”, persons under 18 years of age.
“Establishing a residence”, to set up or bring into being a dwelling place or an abode where a person sleeps, which may include more than 1 location, and may be mobile or transitory, or by means of purchasing real property or entering into a lease or rental agreement for real property, including a renewal or extension of a prior agreement whether through written execution or automatic renewal.
“Loiter”, to enter or remain on property while having no legitimate purpose therefor or, if a legitimate purpose exists, remaining on that property beyond the time necessary to fulfill that purpose.
“Park”, active and passive public land designated for use of the public for recreational or athletic use.
“Permanent residence”, a place where a person lives, abides, lodges, or resides for 14 or more consecutive days.
“Recreational facility”, a playground, a forest preserve, conservation area, jogging trail or running track, hiking trail, beach, water park, wading pool, soccer field, baseball field, football field, basketball court or skating rink.
“Register sex offender”, any person required to register as a sex offender pursuant to section 178C to 178P, inclusive, who is finally classified as a level 2 or level 3 sex offender and who has committed a sex offense against a child.
“School”, any public or private educational facility that provides educational instruction to children in grades kindergarten through 12.
“Sex offense”, as defined in section 178C.
“Temporary residence”, a place where a person lives, abides, lodges, or resides for a period of less than 14 consecutive days or 14 days in the aggregate during any calendar year, which is not the person's permanent address or place where the person routinely lives, abides, lodges, or resides and which is not the person's permanent residence; but "temporary residence" shall not include residence at a hospital or other health-care or medical facility for fewer than 14 consecutive days or 14 days in the aggregate during any calendar year.
(b) A registered sex offender who is 18 years of age or older shall not establish a permanent residence or temporary residence within 500 feet of any school; provided, however, that this prohibition shall not apply if the school within 500 feet of the registered sex offender's permanent residence was opened after the registered sex offender established the permanent residence or if the registered sex offender is incarcerated in any jail, correctional facility or state or federal prison. For purposes of determining the minimum distance separation, the distance shall be measured by following a straight line from the outer property line of the permanent or temporary residence to the nearest outer property line of any school.
(c) If the sex offender registry board determines that a registered sex offender resides on a permanent or temporary basis within 500 feet of any school in violation of this section it shall send written notice to the registered sex offender notifying the registered sex offender that he or she is in violation of subsection (b). Within 30 days of receipt of such notice, the registered sex offender shall relocate to a new residence that is not within 500 feet of any school. If, after said 30 days, the registered sex offender has not relocated, he or she shall be subject to a civil fine not exceeding $300 for each day that he or she remains and the sex offender registry board shall send written notice to the offender's landlord, parole officer and probation officer.
Section 178S. (a) A registered sex offender shall not enter upon the premises of a school unless previously authorized specifically in writing by the school’s principal or superintendent.
(b) A registered sex offender shall not enter a park or any other private or public recreational facility when children are present and approach, contact, or communicate with any child present, unless the registered sex offender is a parent or guardian of a child present in such park or private or public recreational facility.
(c) A registered sex offender shall not loiter on or within 500 feet of any property on which there is a school, park or any other private or public recreational facility after he or she has been asked to leave such property by a person authorized to exclude the registered sex offender from the premises. An authorized person includes, but is not limited to, any law enforcement officer, any owner or manager of the premises, or principal or teacher, if the property is a school.
(d) The prohibitions set forth in this section shall not: (1) be construed or enforced to prohibit or prevent a registered sex offender from exercising his or her right to vote in any federal, state or municipal election, or from attending any religious service; (2) apply to a registered sex offender's place of residence; or (3) apply to registered sex offenders who are incarcerated in any jail, correctional facility or state or federal prison.
(e) A violation of subsection (a), (b) or (c) shall result in a civil fine not exceeding $300 for each violation.
SECTION 2. This act shall not apply to a permanent residence that has been established by a registered sex offender, as defined in section 178R of chapter 6 of the General laws, prior to the effective date of this act if: (1) the permanent residence was established by purchasing the real property where the residence was established; or (2) the permanent residence was established through a valid, fixed-term, written lease or rental agreement, executed prior to the effective date of this act, the term of which has not yet expired.
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