SECTION 1. As used in this act, the following words shall, unless the context clearly requires otherwise, have the following meanings:-
“Commissioner”, the commissioner of elementary and secondary education, or a designee.
“Director”, the director of accounts in the department of revenue, or a designee.
“District”, the Pioneer Valley regional school district.
“School committee”, the Pioneer Valley regional school committee.
“Secretary”, the secretary of administration and finance, or a designee.
SECTION 2. (a) Notwithstanding any general or special law to the contrary, the Pioneer Valley regional school district, by majority vote of the school committee and with the approval of the commissioner, in consultation with the director, may borrow up to $2,000,000 for the purpose of funding deficits in the district’s fiscal year 2018 and 2019 budgets. The commissioner may limit the amount to be borrowed to amounts less than the amounts approved by the school committee. Notwithstanding chapters 44 and 44A of the General Laws, bonds or notes issued for the purposes of this act shall be for such terms as are approved by the commissioner, in consultation with the director, but shall not exceed 10 years. Bonds or notes issued under this act shall be backed by the full faith and credit of the district and may be issued as qualified bonds or notes. Indebtedness incurred under this act shall otherwise be subject to said chapter 44.
(b) The maturities of each issue of bonds or notes authorized under this act, including any refunding bonds, may, if approved by the district officers authorized to issue such bonds or notes and the commissioner, in consultation with the director, be arranged so that for each issue the amounts payable in the several years for principal and interest combined are as nearly equal as is practicable, in the opinion of the district officers authorized to issue, and approve the bonds or notes or, in the alternative, in accordance with a schedule providing for a more rapid amortization of principal.
(c) All proceeds of bonds or notes issued under this act, exclusive of any costs of preparing, issuing and marketing such bonds or notes, shall be deposited in the general fund of the district.
SECTION 3. (a) Notwithstanding any general or special law to the contrary, at any time while debt issued under this act is outstanding, the superintendent of schools and other district officials shall promptly provide such information and reports as may be requested by the commissioner. The following actions shall be subject to the written approval of the commissioner: (i) adoption or reconsideration of the district budget; (ii) transfer of budgetary authority between line items; (iii) encumbrance or expenditure of funds not included in the general fund budget; (iv) borrowing; (v) execution of new or amended collective bargaining agreements; (vi) execution of new contracts or amendments to existing contracts with a value of $25,000 or more; and (vii) establishment, increase or decrease of user fees.
(b) At any time while debt issued under this act is outstanding, the commissioner may impound any unencumbered funds for such period of time as the commissioner determines and may undertake any initiatives that the commissioner deems necessary to secure the financial stability of the district. Notwithstanding the provisions of the regional school district agreement, the commissioner may undertake a review that may result in the closing, reconfiguration or consolidation of school buildings within the district. The commissioner shall require the district to contract with a fiscal overseer, whose appointment shall be subject to the commissioner’s approval. The fiscal overseer shall: (i) supervise all financial services and activities of the district; (ii) assist in the development and preparation of the budget; (iii) monitor the expenditure of all funds; (iv) make recommendations to the commissioner regarding the actions set forth in subsection (a); (v) assess and monitor the ability of the district to manage its finances; and (vi) report at least monthly to the commissioner. While the fiscal overseer is contracted with the district, the fiscal overseer is responsible to answer to the commissioner.
(c) In any fiscal year during which debt issued under this act is outstanding, the district shall submit to the commissioner quarterly reports comparing the district budget to actual revenues and expenditures. The reports shall be submitted within 30 days after the conclusion of each fiscal quarter and shall be in a form and include the information and detail as prescribed by the commissioner. (d) At any time while the debt issued under this act is outstanding, section III(B) of the regional agreement is suspended.
(e) After 3 years, while debt issued under this act is outstanding, if the commissioner, in consultation with the director, determines that the district has taken the necessary steps to achieve long-term sustainability and no longer requires active oversight, the commissioner may authorize the district to terminate the employment of the fiscal overseer.
(f) If at any time the commissioner believes that a finance control board should be established, the commissioner, in consultation with the director, may recommend that the secretary establish such a board. The secretary may, upon receipt of the recommendation, establish that board under section 8. Upon the establishment of such a board, the position of fiscal overseer shall be terminated.
SECTION 4. (a) In fiscal year 2019 and any other year in which bonds or notes authorized under this act remain outstanding, the commissioner, in consultation with the director, shall ascertain whether the district budget for that fiscal year contains adequate revenues to meet the appropriations set forth in that district budget and shall report the findings to the superintendent and the school committee. If the commissioner determines that the district budget does not contain adequate revenues to meet the expenditures set forth in that district budget for the applicable fiscal year, the commissioner may recommend further action to achieve a balanced budget. In such a case, the district’s net assessment of the budget in such fiscal year to each of the towns of Bernardston, Leyden, Northfield, and Warwick shall not be payable by each of the towns unless and until the district has approved or taken action acceptable to the commissioner to achieve a balanced budget.
(b) In any fiscal year during which bonds or notes authorized under this act remain outstanding, the director shall not certify the excess and deficiency fund of the district until an audit report for the preceding fiscal year has been received and accepted. The audit report shall be prepared by a certified public accountant under generally accepted auditing standards and shall include accompanying financial statements.
(c) In a fiscal year during which bonds or notes authorized under this act remain outstanding, the district shall not issue any bond or note without written notification to, and the prior approval of, the director.
(d) Nothing in this act shall abrogate the commissioner’s authority to establish a budget and order assessments for the district under section 16B of chapter 71 of the General Laws.
SECTION 5. Notwithstanding any general or special law to the contrary, for fiscal year 2019 and for any subsequent fiscal year during which bonds or notes authorized under this act remain outstanding, the towns of Bernardston, Leyden, Northfield, and Warwick, by majority vote, are authorized to appropriate amounts held in any stabilization fund created under section 5C of chapter 40 of the General Laws to pay each town’s allocable assessment of the district’s budget for the fiscal year.
SECTION 6. (a) Notwithstanding any general or special law to the contrary, the district shall establish a special reserve fund for extraordinary and unforeseen expenditures, which shall be called the supplemental reserve fund. This fund shall be separate from and in addition to any amounts appropriated under section 16G½ of chapter 71 of the General Laws.
(b) Commencing with fiscal year 2019, the school committee shall designate in its proposed budget that the following amounts be placed in the supplemental reserve fund: for fiscal year 2019, an amount equal to 0.25 per cent of the gross amount of the regional district budget for the prior fiscal year as determined by the commissioner; for fiscal year 2020, an amount equal to 0.50 per cent of the gross amount of the regional district budget for the prior fiscal year as determined by the commissioner; for fiscal year 2021, an amount equal to 0.75 per cent of the gross amount of the regional district budget for the prior fiscal year as determined by the commissioner; for fiscal year 2022, an amount equal to 1 per cent of the gross amount of the regional district budget for the prior fiscal year as determined by the commissioner; and for fiscal year 2023, and each subsequent fiscal year, an amount equal to 1.5 per cent of the gross amount of the regional district budget for the prior fiscal year as determined by the commissioner.
(c) In each year the amount required to be included in the budget for the supplemental reserve fund may be reduced by the amount, if any, remaining in the supplemental reserve fund established for the preceding year after all expenditures have been made from it as authorized in this act, and this remaining amount shall be retained in the supplemental reserve fund for the current fiscal year.
(d) Transfers or expenditures may be authorized from the supplemental reserve fund of any fiscal year during that fiscal year only, and then only by the school committee with the approval of the commissioner. Requests for transfers or expenditures shall be made by the superintendent and shall be accompanied by a written statement detailing the amount and the reason for the transfer or expenditure. Except for transfers or expenditures that are authorized in this act, there shall be no other transfers or reductions in the amount of this fund.
(e) All amounts required by this act to be included in the district budget for each fiscal year shall be included in the calculation of assessments to the member towns by the regional school district treasurer.
SECTION 7. (a) No official of the district, except in the case of an emergency involving the health and safety of the people or their property, shall knowingly expend or cause to be expended in any fiscal year any sum in excess of that official's departmental or other appropriation duly made under the law, nor commit the district, nor cause it to be committed, to any obligation for the future payment of money in excess of that appropriation, with the exception of court judgments.
(b) An official who intentionally violates this section shall be personally liable to the district for any amounts expended in excess of an appropriation which the district does not recover from the persons to whom the amounts were paid. The superior court shall have jurisdiction to adjudicate claims brought by the district under this act and to order such other relief as the court finds appropriate to prevent further violations of this section. A violation of this section shall be considered sufficient cause for removal of an official.
(c) For the purposes of this section, “official” shall mean a permanent, temporary or acting district department head; a member of the school committee; or any other district employee with the authority to authorize or approve the expenditure of funds. For the purposes of this section, “emergency” shall mean a major disaster including, but not limited to, flood, drought, fire, hurricane, earthquake, storm or other catastrophe, whether natural or otherwise, which poses an unexpected and immediate threat to the health and safety of persons or property.
SECTION 8. (a) If a finance control board is established by the secretary under section 3, it shall consist of 5 members: the secretary or a designee, the commissioner of revenue or a designee, the deputy commissioner of local services of the department of revenue or a designee, the commissioner or a designee and the chairperson of the school committee or a designee. Members of the board who are employees or officers of the commonwealth or the district shall serve without compensation. The board shall initiate and assure the implementation of appropriate initiatives to secure the financial stability of the school district. Until the board ceases to exist, no appropriation, borrowing authorization or transfer within the district budget shall take effect until approved by the board.
(b) Notwithstanding any general or special law to the contrary, the board may amend at any time, by majority vote, any appropriation, borrowing authority, transfer or other spending authority. The authority to amend shall include: (i) the power to increase or decrease an existing appropriation, borrowing authorization, transfer or spending authority; (ii) the authority to eliminate an existing appropriation, borrowing authorization, transfer or spending authority; and (iii) the power to create an appropriation, transfer or spending authority. In exercising its authority under this subsection, the board may act with respect to district spending purposes that are not the subject of separately identified appropriations.
(c) Notwithstanding section 16B of chapter 71 of the General Laws or any other general or special law to the contrary, if there is no annual budget lawfully established for a fiscal year by the first day of that fiscal year, the board may, by majority vote, establish a budget for that fiscal year that it considers appropriate and to amend the appropriations during that fiscal year as provided in subsection (b).
(d) Notwithstanding any general or special law to the contrary, the board may, by majority vote, encumber or impound, at any time, any unexpended or unencumbered appropriation or spending authority of any kind notwithstanding the prior approval of the board of that appropriation or spending authority. To the extent that funds previously encumbered or impounded remain encumbered or impounded at the conclusion of the fiscal year, these amounts shall revert to the district's excess and deficiency account.
(e) Notwithstanding any general or special law to the contrary, in addition to and without limitation of the other authority in this section, the board may, by majority vote, establish, set, raise or lower any fee or charge, for any service or other district activity, otherwise within the authority of the district to establish, set, raise or lower. No fee or charge shall be established, set, raised or lowered without written notice to the school committee and superintendent at least 45 days before the effective date of such action.
(f) Action by the board, under this act, shall in all respects constitute valid and lawful action by the district under chapters 44, 70 and 71 of the General Laws and for all school finance and other matters.
(g) In each fiscal year during which the board continues in existence, the superintendent shall, at the same time as the annual budget is submitted to the school committee, provide to the board a copy of the proposed annual budget, together with a supporting revenue and expenditure statement in such detail as the board may prescribe. The board shall review this budgetary information and may issue a report of its findings. In order to promote and ensure the fiscal stability of the district, the board may also require the filing of a detailed annual work plan by each district official with the power to make contracts or incur liabilities on behalf of the district, setting forth certain actions which may be implemented by each official to ensure greater efficiency in the delivery of services by the district. Each work plan shall be in such detail as the board may prescribe, and may include, but not be limited to: (i) a plan for improved financial and spending controls; (ii) budget guidelines and objectives for the fiscal year; (iii) a professional and nonprofessional staffing plan; and (iv) a plan for other proposed savings to be implemented. Any work plan submitted by a district official shall be approved by the superintendent and the school committee prior to submission to the board. During the course of each fiscal year in which the board is in existence, the board may require that status reports be filed with the board by these district officials on a quarterly basis. The board shall have full authority to waive any reporting or filing requirements contained in this section. The board may prepare reports of its findings and issue recommendations for further action to the superintendent and the school committee.
(h) During such time as the board shall be in existence, the powers and authority assigned to the commissioner in sections 2, 3, 4 and 6 shall be transferred to and exercised by the board.
(i) At the end of each fiscal year, the board may, by majority vote, elect to continue in operation for the succeeding fiscal year. Prior to taking such vote, the board shall provide the school committee with the opportunity to comment. If the board does not elect to continue in operation for the succeeding fiscal year, its existence shall end as of the last day of the fiscal year.
SECTION 9. The commissioner of revenue may distribute state aid payments payable to the district on or before June 30, 2019 for fiscal year 2019, as may be recommended by the commissioner and the director.
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