SENATE DOCKET, NO. 1036 FILED ON: 1/19/2017
SENATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . No. 146
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Marc R. Pacheco
To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General
The undersigned legislators and/or citizens respectfully petition for the adoption of the accompanying bill:
An Act further regulating business practices between motor vehicle dealers, manufacturers, and distributors.
Marc R. Pacheco
First Plymouth and Bristol
Michael D. Brady
Second Plymouth and Bristol
SENATE DOCKET, NO. 1036 FILED ON: 1/19/2017
SENATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . No. 146
By Mr. Pacheco, a petition (accompanied by bill, Senate, No. 146) of Marc R. Pacheco and Michael D. Brady for legislation to further regulate business practices between motor vehicle dealers, manufacturers, and distributors. Consumer Protection and Professional Licensure.
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts
In the One Hundred and Ninetieth General Court
An Act further regulating business practices between motor vehicle dealers, manufacturers, and distributors.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:
SECTION 1. Subsection (c) of section 4 of chapter 93B, as appearing in the 2014 Official Edition, is hereby amended by striking out paragraph (5) and inserting in place thereof the following paragraph:-
(5) to offer to sell or to sell any new motor vehicle to any person located in the commonwealth at a lower actual price therefor than the actual price offered contemporaneously to any other motor vehicle dealer located in the commonwealth for the same model vehicle similarly equipped or to utilize any device, including, but not limited to, sales promotion plans or programs, facility compliance or any form of incentive program, which result in the lesser actual price unless available on equal terms to all dealers located in the commonwealth; provided, however, that, for the purposes of this paragraph, “equal terms” shall not include the opportunity to participate in any program that requires facility investment; provided further, that this paragraph shall not apply to sales to a motor vehicle dealer for resale to any unit of the federal government or any agency thereof or to the commonwealth or any of its political subdivisions; provided further, that this paragraph shall not apply to sales to a motor vehicle dealer of any motor vehicle ultimately sold, donated or used by the dealer in a driver education program. The preceding provisions of this paragraph shall not apply so long as a manufacturer, distributor or franchisor representative offers to sell or sells new motor vehicles to all motor vehicle dealers located in the commonwealth at an equal price. In connection with a sale of a motor vehicle or vehicles to a motor vehicle dealer for resale to any unit of the federal government or any agency thereof or to the commonwealth or to any political subdivision thereof, no manufacturer or distributor shall offer any discounts, refunds or any other similar type of inducement to any dealer without making the same offer available to all other of its dealers within the relevant market area, and if the inducements are made, the manufacturer or distributor shall give simultaneous notice thereof to all of its dealers within the relevant market area. In addition, a manufacturer, distributor, or franchisor representative shall not unreasonably withhold participation in any lead generation marketing programs or warranty policy adjustments and shall distribute leads from direct internet-based inquiries in an equitable manner to dealers based on geographic proximity and vehicle availability. In order to prove a violation of the price discrimination prohibitions in this paragraph, it shall be the dealer's burden to demonstrate a price, discount or incentive provided to at least one other dealer was not reasonably available to it.
SECTION 2. Paragraph (10) of said subsection (c) of said section 4 of said chapter 93B, as so appearing, is hereby amended, in line 222, by inserting after the word “distributor.” the following sentence:- This blanket prohibition on manufacturer ownership applies notwithstanding whether a manufacturer or distributor has previously used independently owned or operated dealerships to distribute its vehicles.
SECTION 3. Said subsection (c) of said section 4 of said chapter 93B, as so appearing, is hereby further amended by inserting after paragraph (12) the following four paragraphs:-
(13) to require, coerce, or attempt to coerce any dealer by program, policy, standard, or otherwise to: (a) change location of the dealership; (b) construct, renovate, or make any substantial changes, alterations, or remodeling to a dealer’s sales or services facilities; or (c) add to or replace a dealer’s sales or services facilities; provided, however, that nothing herein shall prohibit a manufacturer or distributor from continuing a facility improvement program that is in effect as of the effective date of this paragraph with more than one dealer in the commonwealth or to renewing or modifying such program, or providing lump sum or regularly-scheduled payments to assist a dealer in making a facility improvement, including construction, alteration or remodeling, or installing signage or an image element of the manufacturer or distributor; provided further, that the provisions of the facility improvement program in which such dealer participates be contained in a written agreement voluntarily entered into by the dealer and must be made available, on substantially similar terms, to any of the manufacturer’s or distributor’s other same line-make dealers in the commonwealth with whom the manufacturer or distributor offers to enter into such an agreement; provided further, that, except as necessary to comply with a health or safety law or to comply with a technology requirement which is necessary to sell or service a motor vehicle that the motor vehicle dealer is authorized or licensed by the manufacturer or distributor, a manufacturer, distributor, or franchisor representative shall not require, coerce, or attempt to coerce a motor vehicle dealer, by program, policy, facility guide, standard or otherwise, to change the location of the dealership, replace, or construct a new dealer facility or substantially alter or remodel an existing dealer facility before the date that is ten years after the date the construction of the new dealer facility or substantial alteration or remodeling at that location was completed regardless of whether a successor dealer has been appointed; provided further, that such construction, alteration or remodeling substantially complied with the manufacturer’s or distributor’s brand image standards or plans that the manufacturer or distributor provided at the time the construction, alteration, or remodeling was completed.
(14) to require a dealer to provide to the franchisor representative, manufacturer or distributor its customer lists, service files, or information about a retail customer unless necessary: (a) for the sale and delivery of a new motor vehicle to a retail buyer; (b) to validate and pay customer or dealer incentives; (c) for reasonable marketing purposes; (d) for warranty reimbursement substantiation under this chapter; or (e) to enable the manufacturer to fulfill safety, recall, or other legal obligations imposed by state or federal law. A manufacturer or distributor shall not share, sell, or transfer to other dealers or third parties customer information obtained from a dealer and not otherwise publically available unless otherwise agreed to by the originating dealer or unless the franchise has been terminated. Notwithstanding any consent, authorization, release, franchise agreement or other agreement or contract, a manufacturer or distributor, or any third party acting on behalf or through a manufacturer or distributor, having electronic access to consumer or customer data or other information in a computer system utilized by a dealer, or who has otherwise been provided consumer or customer data or information by the dealer, shall fully indemnify and hold harmless the dealer from whom it has acquired the consumer or customer data or other information from all claims, demands, damages, liabilities, costs, and expenses incurred by the dealer, arising out of any alleged or actual data security breaches or other unlawful use of said customer or consumer data or other information by said manufacturer, distributor or third party acting on behalf of same, including, but not limited to, judgments, settlements, fines, penalties, expenses related to the disclosure of security breaches to customers and consumers, and attorneys’ fees and expenses arising out of complaints, claims, demands, security breaches, civil or administrative actions, and, to the fullest extent allowable under the law, attorneys’ fees and expenses arising from governmental investigations and prosecutions relating to the access, storage, maintenance, use, sharing, disclosure, or retention of the dealer’s consumer or customer data or other information, or maintenance or services provided to any computer system utilized by the dealer, by the manufacturer, distributor or third party acting on behalf of or through the manufacturer or distributor.
(15) to arbitrarily or unreasonably alter the geographic area of responsibility within which it measures the dealer’s performance. A manufacturer or distributor shall give advance notice of any proposed alteration of a dealer’s so-called area of responsibility at least 60 days before the effective date of a proposed alteration. Notice shall include an explanation of the basis for the change, and, upon request by such motor vehicle dealer within 30 days of the manufacturer’s or distributor’s notice, the manufacturer or distributor immediately shall provide sufficient supporting documentation. At any time prior to the effective date of such alteration, and after completion of any internal appeal process provided by a manufacturer or distributor, a dealer may protest the proposed alteration pursuant to section 15. Filing of a protest shall mean no alteration is effective until an agreement is reached by the parties or a court makes a final determination. The court may affirm, deny, or modify the proposed alteration of the dealer’s area of responsibility, may enter any other orders necessary to ensure that an alteration of the dealer’s area of responsibility is reasonable in light of all the relevant circumstances, and may assess the attorneys’ fees and expenses among the parties to the protest as appropriate. A manufacturer or distributor shall not take any adverse action against a dealer as a result of a change to the dealer’s area or responsibility for at least 18 months after the effective date of the change.
(16) to require a dealer to purchase goods or services from a vendor selected, identified, or designated by a manufacturer or distributor by agreement, program, incentive provision, or otherwise in connection with a dealer expanding, constructing, or significantly modifying its dealership facility without allowing the dealer the option to obtain a good or service of substantially similar quality from a vendor chosen by the dealer and approved by the manufacturer, which approval may not be unreasonably withheld. For purposes of this subdivision, the term "goods" does not include moveable displays, brochures, and promotional materials containing material subject to intellectual property rights of, or parts to be used in repairs under warranty obligations of, a manufacturer or a distributor, or special tools and training as required by the manufacturer or distributor. Nothing under this paragraph shall be construed to (i) allow a dealer or vendor to eliminate or impair a manufacturer’s or distributor’s intellectual property rights, including trademarks, or (ii) permit a dealer to erect or maintain signs that do not conform to the intellectual property usage guidelines of the manufacturer.
SECTION 4. Said section 4 of said chapter 93B, as so appearing, is hereby further amended by inserting at the end thereof the following subsection:-
(e)(1) It shall be a violation of this section for a manufacturer, distributor, or franchisor representative to coerce or require any dealer, whether by agreement, program, incentive provision, or provision for loss of incentive payments or other benefits, to refrain from selling any used motor vehicle subject to (i) recall, (ii) stop sale or do not drive directive, (iii) technical service bulletin, or (iv) other manufacturer, distributor, or franchisor representative notification to perform work on such used motor vehicle, unless the manufacturer, distributor, or franchisor representative has a remedy and parts available to the dealer to remediate the basis for the coercion or requirement of the dealer to refrain from selling each affected used motor vehicle. If there is no remedy or there are no parts available from the manufacturer, distributor, or franchisor representative to remediate each affected used motor vehicle in the inventory of the dealer, the manufacturer, distributor, or franchisor representative shall (i) compensate the dealer for any affected used motor vehicle in the inventory of the dealer that it cannot sell because of such coercion or requirement at the rate of at least three percent per month or any part thereof of the cost of such used motor vehicle, including repairs and reconditioning expenses based on the financial records of the dealer, and (ii) establish a written procedure to compensate dealers under this subsection that it shall provide to dealers; provided, however, that such amount of compensation shall not be less than the retail repair and parts rates set pursuant to section 9. Any claim for compensation by a dealer shall be submitted on a monthly basis for the amount owed pursuant to this section. The manufacturer or distributor shall process and pay the claim in the same manner as a claim for warranty reimbursements as provided in section 9.
(2) This section shall not prevent a manufacturer or distributor from (i) requiring that a motor vehicle not be subject to an open recall or stop sale or do not drive directive in order to be qualified, remain qualified, or be sold as a certified pre-owned vehicle or similar designation; (ii) paying incentives for selling used vehicles with no unremedied recalls; or (iii) paying incentives for performing recall repairs on a vehicle in the dealer's inventory.
(3) Nothing in this subsection shall prevent a manufacturer or distributor from instructing that a dealer repair used vehicles of the line-make for which the dealer holds a franchise with an open recall; provided, that the instruction does not involve coercion that imposes a penalty or provision of loss of benefits on the dealer.
(4) This section shall apply only to used vehicles subject to safety or emissions recalls pursuant to and recalled in accordance with federal law and regulations adopted thereunder or where a stop sale or do not drive notification has been issued, and to motor vehicle manufacturers and new motor vehicle dealers with used vehicles of the line-make that the dealer is franchised to sell or is authorized to perform recall repairs.
(5) It shall be a violation of this section for a manufacturer, distributor, or franchisor representative to reduce the amount of compensation otherwise owed to a new motor vehicle dealer, whether through a chargeback, removal from an incentive program, reduction in amount owed under an incentive program, or any other means, because the dealer has submitted a claim for reimbursement under this section or was otherwise compensated for a vehicle subject to a recall.
(6) For the purposes of this subsection, a “stop sale” or “do not drive” notification shall be defined as a notification issued by a manufacturer or distributor to some or all of its franchised dealerships stating that certain used vehicles in inventory should not be sold or leased, at retail or wholesale, due to a federal safety defect or noncompliance recall, a federal or California emissions recall, or for any other reason.
(7) A dealer that sells a used motor vehicle at retail that (i) is subject to a recall pursuant to 49 U.S.C. § 30111 et seq. and (ii) remains unremedied at the time of sale shall provide to the buyer a written disclosure of the recall. If, at the time of sale, there is a remedy available for such used motor vehicle, the dealer shall disclose to the buyer that (a) there is a remedy for the recall and the buyer must return to have the dealer provide the remedy, if the dealer holds a franchise to sell as new and to service the line-make of such used motor vehicle, or (b) there is a remedy for the recall and the buyer must contact a dealer of the line-make to provide the remedy, if the dealer does not hold a franchise to sell as new and to service the line-make of such used motor vehicle. If, at the time of sale, there is no remedy available for such used motor vehicle, the dealer shall disclose to the buyer that (1) there is no remedy for the recall and the buyer must return to have the dealer provide the remedy when the buyer learns or has notice that the remedy is available, if the dealer holds a franchise to sell as new and to service the line-make of such used motor vehicle, or (2) there is no remedy for the recall and the buyer must contact a dealer of the line-make to provide the remedy when the buyer learns or has notice that the remedy is available, if the dealer does not hold a franchise to sell as new and to service the line-make of such used motor vehicle.
SECTION 5. Section 5 of said chapter 93B, as so appearing, is hereby amended by striking subsections (f) and (g) and replacing those subsections with the following:-
(f) Within the applicable notice period set forth in subsections (b) or (d), either the motor vehicle dealer or the manufacturer or distributor may file a complaint in the superior court, or if applicable in the federal district court for the district of Massachusetts, to enforce or enjoin a termination, nonrenewal or renewal upon changes, amendments, additions or deletions of the type described in subsection (a); but nothing contained in this subsection shall relieve a party from the requirements of subsection (b) of section 15. Unless otherwise agreed to in writing by the parties, trial shall be held within 120 days of the expiration of the applicable notice period but not sooner than 90 days after the expiration of the applicable notice period, notwithstanding any standing orders, presumptive time standards, or administrative directives issued or established by the superior court or the federal district court providing for either an earlier or later time for trial. Failure of either party to file a complaint within the time period set forth in subsections (b) and (d) shall bar the filing of a complaint on such grounds at any time in the future. If no protest is filed by any party having received proper notice, the termination, nonrenewal or modification may proceed.
(g) Upon the timely filing of a complaint by the dealer or manufacturer to enjoin or enforce a termination, the effective date of termination or nonrenewal shall be automatically enjoined pending a final determination after a trial on the merits by the trial court of the issues raised by a complaint filed pursuant to subsection (f) and any subsequent appeal. The franchise agreement shall remain in full force and effect and the franchisee shall retain all rights and remedies pursuant to both this statute and the terms and conditions of the franchise agreement, including, but not limited to, the right to sell or transfer such franchisee’s ownership interest prior to a final determination by the court and any appeal. The franchisor shall at all times prior to a final determination by the trial court and any appeal give full consideration to any proposed buyer applicant or successor dealer submitted by franchisee pursuant to Section 4(c)(8).
SECTION 6. Said section 5 of said chapter 93B, as so appearing, is hereby further amended by inserting after subsection (m) the following subsection:-
(n) Where a termination or nonrenewal will result from use of any agreement to terminate or not renew that was executed by the dealer and obtained by a manufacturer, distributor or franchisor representative more than 90 days before the purported date of use, exercise of rights under such written agreement shall be void. In any case in which a manufacturer, distributor or franchisor representative fails to properly advise a dealer that it does not intend to renew a franchise or take any action to renew a franchise beyond its expiration date, the franchise in question shall continue in effect on the terms last agreed to by the parties.
SECTION 7. Section 8 of said chapter 93B, as so appearing, is hereby amended by striking out subsection (a) and inserting in place thereof the following subsection:
(a) Notwithstanding any terms or provisions of a franchise agreement to the contrary, a manufacturer or distributor shall indemnify its motor vehicle dealers and hold them harmless from and against all damages, liabilities, losses, settlement and reasonable expenses of suit, including reasonable attorneys’ fees, arising out of or incurred in the defense of any claim brought by any person seeking compensation or other relief predicated upon the negligent or defective design or manufacture of a new motor vehicle, including, but not limited to, claims for breach of contract, claims asserted pursuant to chapter 93A of the General Laws, and claims for breach of express or implied warranty relating to a new motor vehicle, or any part or component thereof, manufactured or distributed by the manufacturer or distributor unless the basis for liability is finally determined by a court to be solely the result of negligence on the part of the motor vehicle dealer. The manufacturer or distributor, after having been notified promptly in writing by the motor vehicle dealer that a demand has been made or a formal claim has been asserted and is pending, shall promptly assume the defense thereof and resolve the same at its own expense.
SECTION 8. Subsection (b) of section 9 of said chapter 93B, as so appearing, is hereby amended by inserting after paragraph (4) the following paragraph:-
(5)(i) A manufacturer or distributor shall not require, influence, or attempt to influence a motor vehicle dealer to implement or change the prices for which it sells parts or labor in retail customer repairs. A manufacturer or distributor shall not implement or continue a policy, procedure, or program with any of its dealers in this state for compensation under this section which is inconsistent with this section.
(ii) A manufacturer or distributor shall not, pursuant to a surcharge or other assessment stated on the vehicle invoice provided to the dealer or through such other charge or means, otherwise recover its costs for reimbursing a dealer for parts and labor pursuant to this section; provided, however, that a manufacturer or distributor shall not be prohibited from increasing prices for vehicles or parts in the normal course of business.
SECTION 9. Said section 9 of said chapter 93B, as so appearing, is hereby further amended by inserting after subsection (j) the following subsection:-
(k) Notwithstanding any term of a franchise agreement, it shall be a violation of this chapter for a manufacturer, distributor, or franchisor representative to charge back or otherwise hold liable a franchised motor vehicle dealer for sales incentives or charges, deny vehicle allocation, withhold payments or other things of value for which the dealer is eligible, or take or threaten to take any other adverse actions against, in connection with or as a result of any new motor vehicle sold by the dealer and subsequently exported from the United States; provided, that such dealer can demonstrate that after exercising due diligence and acting in good faith he did not know nor reasonably should have known of the purchaser’s intention to export the motor vehicle. A franchised motor vehicle dealer which causes a new motor vehicle to be registered in the commonwealth or in a foreign state and causes to be collected the appropriate sales and use tax, or that reasonably relied on a franchisor to complete a sale shall be presumed to have exercised due diligence and acted in good faith. Prior to taking an adverse action against a dealer, including, but not limited to, a chargeback, as a result of an export, a manufacturer or distributor shall provide written notice to the franchised motor vehicle dealer of the adverse action, and, if a chargeback, the specific amount of the chargeback, and the vehicle or vehicles at issue. A dealer shall not be liable for the delivery of any vehicle sold through a franchisor’s fleet program where the sale or lease was not initiated or negotiated by the dealer and dealer’s function was solely to provide delivery on behalf of the manufacturer or distributor.
SECTION 10. Section 15 of said chapter 93B, as so appearing, is hereby amended by striking out subsection (a) and inserting in place thereof the following subsection:-
(a) Any manufacturer, distributor or motor vehicle dealer who alleges an unfair method of competition or an unfair or deceptive act or practice as defined by this chapter, any act prohibited or declared unlawful by this chapter, or any rule or regulation adopted under this chapter, may bring an action in the superior court, or if applicable in the federal district court for the district of Massachusetts, for damages and equitable relief, including injunctive relief, as described in the following sentence: The party filing suit may obtain equitable relief if it can demonstrate a substantial likelihood that the alleged conduct violates the provisions of this chapter.