SECTION 1. Chapter 79 of the General Laws, as appearing in the 2014 Official Edition, is hereby amended by inserting after section 1 the following new section:-
Section 1A. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, neither this state nor any political subdivision thereof nor any other condemning entity shall use eminent domain unless it is necessary for a public use. Whenever property is condemned and will be used by a private party, the condemner must establish, by clear and convincing evidence, that the use of eminent domain complies with this section and is reasonably necessary.
Public use: The term “public use” shall only mean: (1) the possession, occupation and enjoyment of the land by the general public, or by public agencies; (2) the use of land for the creation or functioning of public utilities or common carries; or (3) where the use of eminent domain (a)(i) removes a public nuisance, (ii) removes a structure that is beyond repair or unfit for human habitation or use, or (iii) is used to acquire abandoned property in its current condition. The public benefits of economic development, including an increase in tax base, tax revenues, employment and general economic health, shall not constitute a public use.
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