HOUSE DOCKET, NO. 2075        FILED ON: 1/17/2019

HOUSE  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  No. 1057

 

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts

_________________

PRESENTED BY:

Aaron Michlewitz

_________________

To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General
Court assembled:

The undersigned legislators and/or citizens respectfully petition for the adoption of the accompanying bill:

An Act establishing uniform confidentiality and enforcement provisions relative to certain licensees under the jurisdiction of the Division of Banks.

_______________

PETITION OF:

 

Name:

District/Address:

Aaron Michlewitz

3rd Suffolk


HOUSE DOCKET, NO. 2075        FILED ON: 1/17/2019

HOUSE  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  No. 1057

By Mr. Michlewitz of Boston, a petition (accompanied by bill, House, No. 1057) of Aaron Michlewitz for legislation to establish uniform confidentiality and enforcement provisions relative to certain licensees under the jurisdiction of the Division of Banks.  Financial Services.

 

[SIMILAR MATTER FILED IN PREVIOUS SESSION
SEE HOUSE, NO. 2190 OF 2017-2018.]

 

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts

 

_______________

In the One Hundred and Ninety-First General Court
(2019-2020)

_______________

 

An Act establishing uniform confidentiality and enforcement provisions relative to certain licensees under the jurisdiction of the Division of Banks.

 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:
 

SECTION 1. Section 24D of chapter 93 of the General Laws, as appearing in the 2012 Official Edition, is hereby amended by inserting after the word “licensee” in lines 12, 15 and 29, the following words:— or registrant.

SECTION 2. Section 24D of chapter 93 of the General Laws, as so appearing, is hereby further amended by inserting after the word “licensees” in line 34, the following words:— or registrants.

SECTION 3. Chapter 93 of the General Laws, as so appearing, is hereby amended by striking out section 24F and inserting in place thereof the following section:

Section 24F. The commissioner, or the commissioner’s examiners or other assistants as the commissioner may designate, may summon a licensee or registrant, or any of its agents or employees, and other witnesses as necessary, and examine them relative to their transactions, may require the production of books and papers and, for those purposes may administer oaths. Whoever, without justifiable cause, fails or refuses to appear and testify or to produce books and papers when so required, or obstructs the commissioner or the commissioner’s representatives making the examination in the performance of their duties, shall be punished by a fine of not more than $1,000 or by imprisonment for not more than 6 months, or both. Each day a violation occurs or continues shall be considered a separate offense. The penalty provision of this section shall be in addition to, and not in lieu of, any other provision of law applicable to a licensee or other person for violating section 24A or any rule or regulation made thereunder.

SECTION 4. Chapter 93 of the General Laws, as so appearing, is hereby amended by adding after section 24K the following two sections:—

Section 24L. (a) Whenever the commissioner finds that any licensee or exempt person under section 24A of this chapter has violated any provision of this chapter or any rule or regulation adopted thereunder, or any other law of the Commonwealth applicable to the conduct of the business of a debt collector or a third party loan servicer, the commissioner may, by order, in addition to any other action authorized under this chapter or any rule or regulation made thereunder, impose a penalty upon the person which shall not exceed $5,000 for each violation, up to a maximum of $100,000 for the violation plus the costs of investigation. The commissioner may impose a penalty which shall not exceed $5,000 for each violation of this chapter, or any rule or regulation adopted thereunder, by a person other than a licensee or exempt person under section 24A of this chapter, plus the costs of investigation.

(b) Nothing in this section shall limit the right of any individual or entity who has been injured as a result of any violation of this chapter by a licensee, or any person other than a licensee or exempt person under section 24A of this chapter, to bring an action to recover damages or restitution in a court of competent jurisdiction.

(c) Any findings or order issued by the commissioner pursuant to this section shall be subject to review as provided in chapter thirty A.

Section 24M. (a) Whenever the commissioner determines that any person has, directly or indirectly, violated any section of this chapter or any rule or regulation adopted thereunder, applicable to the conduct of the business of a debt collector or a third party loan servicer; or any order issued by the commissioner under this chapter or any written agreement entered between the licensee and the commissioner; the commissioner may serve upon the person a written notice of intention:

(1) to prohibit the person from performing in the capacity of a principal employee on behalf of any licensee for a period of time that the commissioner deems necessary;

(2) to prohibit the person from applying for or obtaining a license from the commissioner for a period up to 36 months following the effective date of an order issued under subsection (b) or (c); or

(3) to prohibit the person from any further participation, in any manner, in the conduct of the affairs of a debt collector or a third party loan servicer in Massachusetts or to prohibit the person from being employed by, an agent of, or operating on behalf of a licensee under this chapter or any other business which requires a license from the commissioner.

(b) A written notice issued under subsection (a) shall contain a written statement of the facts that support the prohibition and shall give notice of an opportunity for a hearing to be held thereon. The hearing shall be fixed for a date not more than 30 days after the date of service upon the commissioner of the request for a hearing. If the person fails to submit a request for a hearing within 20 days of service of notice under subsection (a), or otherwise fails to appear in person or by a duly authorized representative, the party shall be deemed to have consented to the issuance of an order of prohibition in accordance with the notice.

(c) In the event of a consent under subsection (b), or if after a hearing the commissioner finds that any of the grounds specified in the notice have been established, the commissioner may issue an order of prohibition in accordance with subsection (a) as the commissioner finds appropriate.

(d) An order issued under subsection (b) or (c) shall be effective upon service upon the person. The commissioner shall also serve a copy of the order upon the licensee of which the person is an employee or on whose behalf the person is performing. The order shall remain in effect and enforceable until it is modified, terminated, suspended, or set aside by the commissioner or a court of competent jurisdiction.

(e) Except as consented to in writing by the commissioner, any person who, pursuant to an order issued under subsection (b) or (c), has been prohibited from participating in whole or in part in the conduct of the affairs of a debt collector or a third party loan servicer in Massachusetts may not, while the order is in effect, continue or commence to perform in the capacity of a principal employee, or otherwise participate in any manner, if so prohibited by order of the commissioner, in the conduct of the affairs of:

(1) any licensee or registrant under this chapter;

(2) any other business which requires a license from the commissioner; and

(3) any bank, as defined under section one of chapter one hundred sixty-seven, or any subsidiary thereof.

SECTION 5. Section 99 of chapter 140 of the General Laws, as so appearing, is hereby amended by striking out section 99 and inserting in place thereof the following section:—

Section 99. A licensee shall, when directed by the commissioner, permit the commissioner or the commissioner’s duly authorized representative to inspect its records and evidence of compliance with this chapter or any rule and regulation issued thereunder and with any other law, rule and regulation applicable to the conduct of its business. The commissioner shall preserve a full record of each examination of a licensee including a statement of its condition. All records of investigations and reports of examinations by the commissioner, including workpapers, information derived from the reports or responses to the reports, and any copies thereof in the possession of any licensee under the supervision of the commissioner, shall be confidential and privileged communications, shall not be subject to subpoena and shall not be a public record under clause twenty-sixth of section 7 of chapter 4. For the purpose of this paragraph, records of investigation and reports of examinations shall include records of investigation and reports of examinations conducted by a financial regulatory agency of the federal government and any other state, and of any foreign government which are considered confidential by the agency or foreign government and which are in possession of the commissioner. In any proceeding before a court, the court may issue a protective order to seal the record protecting the confidentiality of any such record, and other than any such record on file with the court or filed in connection with the court proceeding, and the court may exclude the public from any portion of a proceeding at which any such record may be disclosed. Copies of reports of examination shall be furnished to a licensee for its use only and shall not be exhibited to any other person, organization or agency without prior written approval by the commissioner. The commissioner may, in his or her discretion, furnish to regulatory agencies of the federal government, of other states, or of foreign countries, and any law enforcement agency, the information, reports, inspections and statements relating to the licensees under the commissioner’s supervision.

The commissioner may summon licensees, companies or associations, or any of their agents or employees, and other witnesses as necessary, and examine them relative to their transactions and to the condition of their business, and for that purpose may administer oaths. Whoever without justifiable cause refuses to appear and testify when so required, or obstructs the commissioner or the commissioner’s representatives in the performance of their duties, shall be punished by a fine of not more than $1,000 or by imprisonment for not more than 6 months, or both. The penalty provision of this section shall be in addition to, and not in lieu of, any other provision of law applicable to a licensee or other person for violating section 96 or any rule or regulation made thereunder.

SECTION 6. Section 103 Chapter 140 of the General Laws, as so appearing, is hereby amended by striking out section 103, and inserting in place thereof the following three sections:—

Section 103. The commissioner may suspend or revoke any license issued pursuant to section ninety-six if the commissioner finds that:

(i) the licensee has violated any provision of sections ninety-six to one hundred and fourteen, inclusive, or any rule or regulation made by the commissioner under any provision of sections ninety-six to one hundred and fourteen, inclusive, or any other law applicable to the conduct of the business; or

(ii) any fact or condition exists which, if it had existed at the time of the original application for the license, would have warranted the commissioner in refusing to issue the license.

Except as provided in section one hundred and three A, no license shall be revoked or suspended except after notice and a hearing thereon pursuant to chapter thirty A.

A licensee may surrender a license by delivering to the commissioner written notice that it thereby surrenders the license, but the surrender shall not affect the civil or criminal liability of the licensee for acts committed before the surrender.

No revocation, suspension or surrender of any license shall impair or affect the obligation of any pre-existing lawful contract between the licensee and any person.

The penalty provision of this section shall be in addition to, and not in lieu of, any other provision of law applicable to a licensee or other person for violating section ninety-six, ninety-seven, ninety-eight, one hundred, one hundred and one, one hundred and two, one hundred and four, one hundred and six, and one hundred and nine or any rule or regulation made thereunder.

Section 103A. (a) If the commissioner determines, after giving notice of an opportunity for a hearing, that a licensee has engaged or is about to engage in an act or practice constituting a violation of a provision of sections ninety-seven, ninety-eight, one hundred, one hundred and one, one hundred and two, one hundred and four or one hundred and nine, or any rule or regulation made by the commissioner under section ninety-seven or one hundred and six, or any other law applicable to the conduct of the business, the commissioner may order the licensee to cease and desist from the unlawful act or practice and take affirmative action as in his or her judgment will effect the purpose of sections ninety-seven, ninety-eight, one hundred, one hundred and one, one hundred and two, one hundred and four or one hundred and nine, or any rule or regulation made by the commissioner under section ninety-seven or one hundred and six, or any other law applicable to the conduct of the business.

(b) If the commissioner makes written findings of fact that the public interest will be irreparably harmed by delay in issuing an order under section (a) the commissioner may issue a temporary cease and desist order. Upon the entry of a temporary cease and desist order, the commissioner shall promptly notify, in writing, the licensee affected thereby that the order has been so entered, the reasons therefor, and that within 20 days after receipt of a written request from the licensee, the matter will be scheduled for a hearing to determine whether or not the temporary order shall become permanent and final. If no hearing is requested and none is ordered by the commissioner, the order shall remain in effect until it is modified or vacated by the commissioner. If a hearing is requested or ordered, the commissioner, after giving notice of and opportunity for a hearing to the licensee subject to the order, shall, by written finding of facts and conclusions of law, vacate, modify or make permanent the order.

(c) No order under this section, except an order issued pursuant to subsection (b), may be entered without prior notice of and opportunity for a hearing. The commissioner may vacate or modify an order under this section upon finding that the conditions which required the an order have changed and that it is in the public interest to so vacate or modify.

Any order issued pursuant to this section shall be subject to review as provided in chapter thirty A.

Section 103B. The commissioner may enforce the provisions of section ninety-six through one hundred and fourteen A, or restrain any violations thereof, by filing a civil action in any court of competent jurisdiction.

SECTION 7. Chapter 140 of the General Laws, as so appearing, is hereby amended by adding after section 113 the following two sections:—

Section 113A. (a) Whenever the commissioner finds that any licensee or exempt person under section ninety-six of this chapter has violated any provision of this chapter or any rule or regulation adopted thereunder, or any other law of the Commonwealth applicable to the conduct of the business of making small loans, the commissioner may, by order, in addition to any other action authorized under this chapter or any rule or regulation made thereunder, impose a penalty upon the person which shall not exceed $5,000 for each violation, up to a maximum of $100,000 for the violation plus the costs of investigation. The commissioner may impose a penalty which shall not exceed $5,000 for each violation of this chapter, or any rule or regulation adopted thereunder, by a person other than a licensee or exempt person under section ninety-six of this chapter, plus the costs of investigation.

(b) In addition to any other action authorized under this chapter or any rule of regulation made thereunder, a licensee who violates the provisions of section one hundred may also be punished by imprisonment for not more than one year. Each day the violation occurs or continues shall be deemed a separate offense. Any loan made by any person so licensed in violation of section one hundred may be declared void by the supreme judicial or superior court in equity upon petition by the person to whom the loan was made.

(c) Nothing in this section shall limit the right of any individual or entity who has been injured as a result of any violation of this chapter by a licensee, or any person other than a licensee or exempt person under section ninety-six of this chapter, to bring an action to recover damages or restitution in a court of competent jurisdiction.

(d) Any findings or order issued by the commissioner pursuant to this section shall be subject to review as provided in chapter thirty A.

Section 113B. (a) Whenever the commissioner determines that any person has, directly or indirectly, violated any section of this chapter or any rule or regulation adopted thereunder, applicable to the conduct of the business of making small loans; or any order issued by the commissioner under this chapter or any written agreement entered between the licensee and the commissioner; the commissioner may serve upon the person a written notice of intention:

(1) to prohibit the person from performing in the capacity of a principal employee on behalf of any licensee for a period of time that the commissioner deems necessary;

(2) to prohibit the person from applying for or obtaining a license from the commissioner for a period up to 36 months following the effective date of an order issued under subsection (b) or (c); or

(3) to prohibit the person from any further participation, in any manner, in the conduct of the affairs of a business making small loans in Massachusetts or to prohibit the person from being employed by, an agent of, or operating on behalf of a licensee under this chapter or any other business which requires a license from the commissioner.

(b) A written notice issued under subsection (a) shall contain a written statement of the facts that support the prohibition and shall give notice of an opportunity for a hearing to be held thereon. The hearing shall be fixed for a date not more than 30 days after the date of service upon the commissioner of the request for a hearing. If the person fails to submit a request for a hearing within 20 days of service of notice under subsection (a), or otherwise fails to appear in person or by a duly authorized representative, the party shall be deemed to have consented to the issuance of an order of prohibition in accordance with the notice.

(c) In the event of a consent under subsection (b), or if after a hearing the commissioner finds that any of the grounds specified in the notice have been established, the commissioner may issue an order of prohibition in accordance with subsection (a) as the commissioner finds appropriate.

(d) An order issued under subsection (b) or (c) shall be effective upon service upon the person. The commissioner shall also serve a copy of the order upon the licensee of which the person is an employee or on whose behalf the person is performing. The order shall remain in effect and enforceable until it is modified, terminated, suspended, or set aside by the commissioner or a court of competent jurisdiction.

(e) Except as consented to in writing by the commissioner, any person who, pursuant to an order issued under subsection (b) or (c), has been prohibited from participating in whole or in part in the conduct of the affairs of a business making small loans in Massachusetts may not, while the order is in effect, continue or commence to perform in the capacity of a principal employee, or otherwise participate in any manner, if so prohibited by order of the commissioner, in the conduct of the affairs of:

(1) any licensee under this chapter;

(2) any other business which requires a license from the commissioner; and

(3) any bank, as defined under section one of chapter one hundred sixty-seven, or any subsidiary thereof.

SECTION 8. Chapter 140 of the General Laws, as so appearing, is hereby amended by striking section 114A and inserting in place thereof the following section:—

Section 114A. A bank as defined in section one of chapter one hundred sixty-seven, a national banking association, a federally chartered credit union, a federal savings and loan association, a federal savings bank, or any subsidiary of the above, or any bank, trust company, savings bank, savings and loan association, or credit union organized under the laws of any other state, or any subsidiary of the above, shall not be subject to the provisions of sections ninety-six to one hundred fourteen, inclusive; provided, that the institutions may not take, receive, reserve or charge interest, expenses and other considerations for making or securing any loan subject to the provisions of section ninety-six in excess of those permitted by section one hundred. Any loan subject to the provisions of section ninety-six made by any bank as defined in section one of chapter one hundred sixty-seven, a national banking association, a federally-chartered credit union, a federal savings and loan association, a federal savings bank, or any subsidiary of the above, or any bank, trust company, savings bank, savings and loan association, or credit union organized under the laws of any other state on which charges for interest, expenses and other considerations exceed those permitted by section one hundred may be declared void by the supreme judicial court or superior court in equity upon petition by the person to whom the loans were made, and any bank as defined section one of chapter one hundred sixty-seven, a national banking association, a federally chartered credit union, a federal savings and loan association, a federal savings bank, or any subsidiary of the above, or any bank, trust company, savings bank, savings and loan association, or credit union organized under the laws of any other state making such a loan shall be subject to a fine of not more than $1,000.

This section shall not be construed as preventing a rate of charge for interest, expenses and other consideration on one or more portions of a loan in excess of the permitted maximum rate of charge applicable to the portion or portions, provided, that the composite rate of charge on the whole loan produces an amount equal to or less than that which would be produced were the maximum rate of charge applied to the loan. Extension, default or deferment charges shall not be deemed to be interest, expenses and other considerations in determining the maximum rate of charge that may be taken, received, reserved or charged for the loan.

SECTION 9. Section 4 of chapter 167F of the General Laws, as amended by section 5 of chapter 144 of the acts of 2012, is hereby amended by striking out the first paragraph and inserting in place thereof the following paragraph:—

Any bank as defined in section one of chapter one hundred sixty-seven, a national banking association, a federally-chartered credit union, a federal savings and loan association, a federal savings bank, or any subsidiary of the above, any bank, trust company, savings bank, savings and loan association, or credit union organized under the laws of any other state or any subsidiary of the above, may engage directly in the business of selling, issuing or registering checks or money orders for use primarily for personal, family, or household purposes, except all of the institutions described above may engage in the business through agents who shall not be deemed to be branches of the institutions. No person, other than the foregoing, shall engage in such business directly or indirectly unless a sworn statement setting forth the person’s name and address, the names and business addresses of the person’s agents, other than the financial institutions described above, authorized to receive money and transact such business on the person’s behalf is filed annually, as of a date determined by the commissioner.

SECTION 10. Section 4 of Chapter 167F, as so appearing, is hereby further amended by inserting after the fourth paragraph the following two paragraphs:—

The commissioner shall examine any person, to whom a certificate to engage in the business of selling, issuing or registering checks or money orders has been issued, as the commissioner deems necessary and in a manner the commissioner deems appropriate. The commissioner shall preserve a full record of each examination of a check seller including a statement of its condition. All records of investigations and reports of examinations by the commissioner, including workpapers, information derived from the reports or responses to the reports, and any copies thereof in the possession of any licensee under the supervision of the commissioner, shall be confidential and privileged communications, shall not be subject to subpoena and shall not be a public record under clause twenty-sixth of section 7 of chapter 4. For the purpose of this paragraph, records of investigation and reports of examinations shall include records of investigation and reports of examinations conducted by a financial regulatory agency of the federal government and any other state, and of any foreign government which are considered confidential by the agency or foreign government and which are in possession of the commissioner. In any proceeding before a court, the court may issue a protective order to seal the record protecting the confidentiality of any such record, other than any such record on file with the court or filed in connection with the court proceeding, and the court may exclude the public from any portion of the proceeding at which any such record may be disclosed. Copies of the reports of examination shall be furnished to a licensee for its use only and shall not be exhibited to any other person, organization or agency without prior written approval by the commissioner. The commissioner may, in his or her discretion, furnish to regulatory agencies of the federal government, of other states, or of foreign countries, and any law enforcement agency, the information, reports, inspections and statements relating to the licensees under the commissioner’s supervision.

The commissioner, or the commissioner’s examiners or other assistants as the commissioner may designate, may summon the directors, officers or agents of a licensee, or any other witnesses, and examine them relative to the affairs, transactions and condition of the licensee, and, for that purpose, may administer oaths. Whoever, without justifiable cause, refuses to appear and testify when so required or obstructs the person making the examination in the performance of their duty, shall be punished by a fine of not more than $1,000 or by imprisonment for not more than one year.

SECTION 11. Said section 4 of chapter 167F of the General Laws, as so appearing, is hereby further amended by striking out the fifth paragraph.

SECTION 12. Chapter 167F of the General Laws, as so appearing, is hereby amended by adding after section 4 the following two sections:—

Section 4A. (a) Whenever the commissioner finds that any licensee or exempt person under section 4 of this chapter has violated any provision of this chapter or any rule or regulation adopted thereunder, or any other law of the Commonwealth applicable to the conduct of the business of selling, issuing or registering checks or money orders, the commissioner may, by order, in addition to any other action authorized under this chapter or any rule or regulation made thereunder, impose a penalty upon the person which shall not exceed $5,000 for each violation, up to a maximum of $100,000 for the violation plus the costs of investigation. The commissioner may impose a penalty which shall not exceed $5,000 for each violation of this chapter, or any rule or regulation adopted thereunder, by a person other than a licensee or exempt person under section 4 of this chapter, plus the costs of investigation.

(b) Nothing in this section shall limit the right of any individual or entity who has been injured as a result of any violation of this chapter by a licensee, or any person other than a licensee or exempt person under section 4 of this chapter, to bring an action to recover damages or restitution in a court of competent jurisdiction.

(c) Any findings or order issued by the commissioner pursuant to this section shall be subject to review as provided in chapter thirty A.

Section 4B. (a) Whenever the commissioner determines that any person has, directly or indirectly, violated any section of this chapter or any rule or regulation adopted thereunder, applicable to the conduct of the business of selling, issuing or registering checks or money orders; or any order issued by the commissioner under this chapter or any written agreement entered between the licensee and the commissioner; the commissioner may serve upon the person a written notice of intention:

(1) to prohibit the person from performing in the capacity of a principal employee on behalf of any licensee for a period of time that the commissioner deems necessary;

(2) to prohibit the person from applying for or obtaining a license from the commissioner for a period up to 36 months following the effective date of an order issued under subsection (b) or (c); or

(3) to prohibit the person from any further participation, in any manner, in the conduct of the affairs of selling, issuing or registering checks or money orders in Massachusetts or to prohibit the person from being employed by, an agent of, or operating on behalf of a licensee under this chapter or any other business which requires a license from the commissioner.

(b) A written notice issued under subsection (a) shall contain a written statement of the facts that support the prohibition and shall give notice of an opportunity for a hearing to be held thereon. Such hearing shall be fixed for a date not more than 30 days after the date of service upon the commissioner of the request for a hearing. If the person fails to submit a request for a hearing within 20 days of service of notice under subsection (a), or otherwise fails to appear in person or by a duly authorized representative, the party shall be deemed to have consented to the issuance of an order of prohibition in accordance with the notice.

(c) In the event of a consent under subsection (b), or if after a hearing the commissioner finds that any of the grounds specified in the notice have been established, the commissioner may issue an order of prohibition in accordance with subsection (a) as the commissioner finds appropriate.

(d) An order issued under subsection (b) or (c) shall be effective upon service upon the person. The commissioner shall also serve a copy of the order upon the licensee of which the person is an employee or on whose behalf the person is performing. The order shall remain in effect and enforceable until it is modified, terminated, suspended, or set aside by the commissioner or a court of competent jurisdiction.

(e) Except as consented to in writing by the commissioner, any person who, pursuant to an order issued under subsection (b) or (c), has been prohibited from participating in whole or in part in the conduct of the affairs of business of selling, issuing or registering checks or money orders in Massachusetts may not, while the order is in effect, continue or commence to perform in the capacity of a principal employee, or otherwise participate in any manner, if so prohibited by order of the commissioner, in the conduct of the affairs of:

(1) any licensee under this chapter;

(2) any other business which requires a license from the commissioner; and

(3) any bank, as defined under section one of chapter one hundred sixty-seven, or any subsidiary thereof.

SECTION 13. Chapter 169 of the General Laws, as so appearing, is hereby amended by striking out Section 1 and inserting in place thereof the following section:—

Section 1. This chapter shall apply to all persons who engage or are financially interested in the business of receiving deposits of money for the purpose of transmitting the same or equivalents thereof to foreign countries, except banks as defined in section one of chapter one hundred sixty-seven, a national banking association, a federally-chartered credit union, a federal savings and loan association, a federal savings bank, or any bank, trust company, savings bank, savings and loan association, or credit union organized under the law of any other state, or any subsidiary of the above, persons doing business under section forty-three of chapter one hundred sixty-seven, express companies having contracts with transportation companies for the operation of an express service upon the lines of such companies or express companies doing an international express business or global transportation companies or telegraph companies.

SECTION 14. Section 3 of chapter 169 of the General Laws, as amended by section 8 of chapter 144 of the acts of 2012, is hereby amended by striking out the eighth, thirteenth and fourteenth sentence.

SECTION 15. Section 10 of chapter 169, as so appearing, is hereby amended by inserting after the second paragraph the following two paragraphs:—

The commissioner shall preserve a full record of each examination of a licensee including a statement of its condition. All records of investigations and reports of examinations by the commissioner, including workpapers, information derived from the reports or responses to the reports, and any copies thereof in the possession of any licensee under the supervision of the commissioner, shall be confidential and privileged communications, shall not be subject to subpoena and shall not be a public record under clause twenty-sixth of section 7 of chapter 4. For the purpose of this paragraph, records of investigation and reports of examinations shall include records of investigation and reports of examinations conducted by a financial regulatory agency of the federal government and any other state, and of any foreign government which are considered confidential by the agency or foreign government and which are in possession of the commissioner. In any proceeding before a court, the court may issue a protective order to seal the record protecting the confidentiality in appropriate circumstances to protect the confidentiality of any such record, other than any such record on file with the court or filed in connection with the court proceeding, and the court may exclude the public from any portion of the proceeding at which any such record may be disclosed. Copies of the reports of examination shall be furnished to a licensee for its use only and shall not be exhibited to any other person, organization or agency without prior written approval by the commissioner. The commissioner may, in his or her discretion, furnish to regulatory agencies of the federal government, of other states, or of foreign countries, and any law enforcement agency, the information, reports, inspections and statements relating to the licensees under the commissioner’s supervision.

The commissioner, or the commissioner’s examiners, or other assistants as the commissioner may designate, may summon the directors, officers or agents of a licensee, or any other witnesses, and examine them relative to the affairs, transactions and condition of the licensee, and, for that purpose, may administer oaths. Whoever, without justifiable cause, refuses to appear and testify when so required or obstructs the person making the examination in the performance of their duty, shall be punished by a fine of not more than $1,000 or by imprisonment for not more than one year.

SECTION 16. Chapter 169 of the General Laws is hereby amended by striking our section 16, as so appearing, and inserting in place thereof, the following two sections:—

Section 16. (a) Whenever the commissioner finds that any licensee or exempt person under any provision of this chapter has violated any provision of this chapter or any rule or regulation adopted thereunder, or any other law of the Commonwealth applicable to the conduct of the business of receiving deposits of money for the purpose of transmitting the same or equivalents thereof to foreign countries, the commissioner may, by order, in addition to any other action authorized under this chapter or any rule or regulation made thereunder, impose a penalty upon the person which shall not exceed $5,000 for each violation, up to a maximum of $100,000 for the violation plus the costs of investigation. The commissioner may impose a penalty which shall not exceed $5,000 for each violation of this chapter, or any rule or regulation adopted thereunder, by a person other than a licensee or exempt person under any provision of this chapter, plus the costs of investigation.

(b) In addition to any other action authorized under this chapter or any rule of regulation made thereunder, whoever violates any provision of this chapter or any rule or regulation made hereunder by the commissioner may be punished by imprisonment for not more than one year.

(c) Nothing in this section shall limit the right of any individual or entity who has been injured as a result of any violation of this chapter by a licensee, or any person other than a licensee or exempt person under any provision of this chapter, to bring an action to recover damages or restitution in a court of competent jurisdiction.

(d) Any findings or order issued by the commissioner pursuant to this section shall be subject to review as provided in chapter thirty A.

Section 17. (a) Whenever the commissioner determines that any person has, directly or indirectly, violated any section of this chapter or any rule or regulation adopted thereunder, applicable to the conduct of the business of receiving deposits of money for the purpose of transmitting the same or equivalents thereof to foreign countries; or any order issued by the commissioner under this chapter or any written agreement entered between the licensee and the commissioner; the commissioner may serve upon the person a written notice of intention:

(1) to prohibit the person from performing in the capacity of a principal employee on behalf of any licensee for a period of time that the commissioner deems necessary;

(2) to prohibit the person from applying for or obtaining a license from the commissioner for a period up to 36 months following the effective date of an order issued under subsection (b) or (c); or

(3) to prohibit such person from any further participation, in any manner, in the conduct of the affairs of a business of receiving deposits of money for the purpose of transmitting the same or equivalents thereof to foreign countries in Massachusetts or to prohibit such person from being employed by, an agent of, or operating on behalf of a licensee under this chapter or any other business which requires a license from the commissioner.

(b) A written notice issued under subsection (a) shall contain a written statement of the facts that support the prohibition and shall give notice of an opportunity for a hearing to be held thereon. The hearing shall be fixed for a date not more than 30 days after the date of service upon the commissioner of such request for a hearing. If such person fails to submit a request for a hearing within 20 days of service of notice under subsection (a), or otherwise fails to appear in person or by a duly authorized representative, such party shall be deemed to have consented to the issuance of an order of such prohibition in accordance with the notice.

(c) In the event of such consent under subsection (b), or if after a hearing the commissioner finds that any of the grounds specified in such notice have been established, the commissioner may issue an order of prohibition in accordance with subsection (a) as the commissioner finds appropriate.

(d) An order issued under subsection (b) or (c) shall be effective upon service upon the person. The commissioner shall also serve a copy of the order upon the licensee of which the person is an employee or on whose behalf the person is performing. The order shall remain in effect and enforceable until it is modified, terminated, suspended, or set aside by the commissioner or a court of competent jurisdiction.

(e) Except as consented to in writing by the commissioner, any person who, pursuant to an order issued under subsection (b) or (c), has been prohibited from participating in whole or in part in the conduct of the affairs of a business of receiving deposits of money for the purpose of transmitting the same or equivalents thereof to foreign countries in Massachusetts may not, while such order is in effect, continue or commence to perform in the capacity of a principal employee, or otherwise participate in any manner, if so prohibited by order of the commissioner, in the conduct of the affairs of:

(1) any licensee under this chapter;

(2) any other business which requires a license from the commissioner; and

(3) any bank, as defined under section one of chapter one hundred sixty-seven, or any subsidiary thereof.

SECTION 17. Section 2 of chapter 169A of the General Laws, as so appearing, is hereby amended, in line 7, by striking out the word “bank.” and inserting in place thereof the words:— bank or any bank, trust company, savings bank, savings and loan association, or credit union organized under the laws of any other state, or any subsidiary of the above.

SECTION 18. Section 5 of chapter 169A, as so appearing, is hereby amended by striking out the third and fourth sentences.

SECTION 19. Section 10 of chapter 169A, as so appearing, is hereby amended by adding the following two paragraphs:—

The commissioner shall preserve a full record of each such examination of a licensee including a statement of its condition. All records of investigations and reports of examinations by the commissioner, including workpapers, information derived from such reports or responses to such reports, and any copies thereof in the possession of any licensee under the supervision of the commissioner, shall be confidential and privileged communications, shall not be subject to subpoena and shall not be a public record under clause twenty-sixth of section 7 of chapter 4. For the purpose of this paragraph, records of investigation and reports of examinations shall include records of investigation and reports of examinations conducted by a financial regulatory agency of the federal government and any other state, and of any foreign government which are considered confidential by such agency or foreign government and which are in possession of the commissioner. In any proceeding before a court, the court may issue a protective order to seal the record protecting the confidentiality of any such record, other than any such record on file with the court or filed in connection with the court proceeding, and the court may exclude the public from any portion of the proceeding at which any such record may be disclosed. Copies of such reports of examination shall be furnished to a licensee for its use only and shall not be exhibited to any other person, organization or agency without prior written approval by the commissioner. The commissioner may, in his or her discretion, furnish to regulatory agencies of the federal government, of other states, or of foreign countries, and any law enforcement agency, such information, reports, inspections and statements relating to the licensees under the commissioner’s supervision.

The commissioner, or the commissioner’s examiners or such other assistants as the commissioner may designate, may summon the directors, officers or agents of a licensee, or any other witnesses, and examine them relative to the affairs, transactions and condition of the licensee, and, for that purpose, may administer oaths. Whoever, without justifiable cause, refuses to appear and testify when so required or obstructs the person making such examination in the performance of their duty, shall be punished by a fine of not more than $1,000 or by imprisonment for not more than one year.

SECTION 20. Chapter 169A of the General Laws, as so appearing, is hereby amended by striking out section 13 and inserting in place thereof the following two sections:—

Section 13. (a) Whenever the commissioner finds that any licensee or exempt person under section two of this chapter has violated any provision of this chapter or any rule or regulation adopted thereunder, or any other law of the Commonwealth applicable to the conduct of the business of cashing checks, drafts or money orders, the commissioner may, by order, in addition to any other action authorized under this chapter or any rule or regulation made thereunder, impose a penalty upon such person which shall not exceed $5,000 for each violation, up to a maximum of $100,000 for such violation plus the costs of investigation. The commissioner may impose a penalty which shall not exceed $5,000 for each violation of this chapter, or any rule or regulation adopted thereunder, by a person other than a licensee or exempt person under section two of this chapter, plus the costs of investigation.

(b) In addition to any other action authorized under this chapter or any rule of regulation made thereunder, whoever violates any provision of section two or any rule or regulation made thereunder by the commissioner may be punished by imprisonment for not more than 6 months. Each day a violation continues shall be deemed a separate offense. The penalty provision of this section shall be in addition to, and not in lieu of, any other provision of law applicable to a licensee or other person for violating section two or any rule or regulation made thereunder.

(c) Nothing in this section shall limit the right of any individual or entity who has been injured as a result of any violation of this chapter by a licensee, or any person other than a licensee or exempt person under section two of this chapter, to bring an action to recover damages or restitution in a court of competent jurisdiction.

(d) Any findings or order issued by the commissioner pursuant to this section shall be subject to review as provided in chapter thirty A.

Section 14. (a) Whenever the commissioner determines that any person has, directly or indirectly, violated any section of this chapter or any rule or regulation adopted thereunder, applicable to the conduct of the business of cashing checks, drafts or money orders; or any order issued by the commissioner under this chapter or any written agreement entered between such licensee and the commissioner; the commissioner may serve upon such person a written notice of intention:

(1) to prohibit such person from performing in the capacity of a principal employee on behalf of any licensee for a period of time that the commissioner deems necessary;

(2) to prohibit the person from applying for or obtaining a license from the commissioner for a period up to 36 months following the effective date of an order issued under subsection (b) or (c); or

(3) to prohibit such person from any further participation, in any manner, in the conduct of the affairs of person or entity engaged in the cashing of checks, drafts or money orders in Massachusetts or to prohibit such person from being employed by, an agent of, or operating on behalf of a licensee under this chapter or any other business which requires a license from the commissioner.

(b) A written notice issued under subsection (a) shall contain a written statement of the facts that support the prohibition and shall give notice of an opportunity for a hearing to be held thereon. The hearing shall be fixed for a date not more than 30 days after the date of service upon the commissioner of such request for a hearing. If such person fails to submit a request for a hearing within 20 days of service of notice under subsection (a), or otherwise fails to appear in person or by a duly authorized representative, such party shall be deemed to have consented to the issuance of an order of such prohibition in accordance with the notice.

(c) In the event of such consent under subsection (b), or if after a hearing the commissioner finds that any of the grounds specified in such notice have been established, the commissioner may issue an order of prohibition in accordance with subsection (a) as the commissioner finds appropriate.

(d) An order issued under subsection (b) or (c) shall be effective upon service upon the person. The commissioner shall also serve a copy of the order upon the licensee of which the person is an employee or on whose behalf the person is performing. The order shall remain in effect and enforceable until it is modified, terminated, suspended, or set aside by the commissioner or a court of competent jurisdiction.

(e) Except as consented to in writing by the commissioner, any person who, pursuant to an order issued under subsection (b) or (c), has been prohibited from participating in whole or in part in the conduct of the affairs of a person or entity engaged in the cashing of checks, drafts or money orders in Massachusetts may not, while such order is in effect, continue or commence to perform in the capacity of a principal employee, or otherwise participate in any manner, if so prohibited by order of the commissioner, in the conduct of the affairs of:

(1) any licensee under this chapter;

(2) any other business which requires a license from the commissioner; and

(3) any bank, as defined under section one of chapter one hundred sixty-seven, or any subsidiary thereof.

SECTION 21. Section 1 of chapter 255B of the General Laws, as so appearing, is hereby amended by striking out the definition of “Sales finance company” and inserting in place thereof the following definition:— "Sales finance company",. (1) a bank as defined in section one of chapter one hundred and sixty-seven, a national banking association, federal savings bank, federal savings and loan association, federal credit union, or any bank, trust company, savings bank, savings and loan association or credit union organized under the laws of any other state of the United States, or any subsidiary of the above;

(2) any person engaged, in whole or in part, in the business of purchasing retail installment contracts from one or more retail sellers; and

(3) a retail seller engaged, in whole or in part, in the business of holding retail installment contracts acquired from retail buyers. The term "sales finance company" does not include the pledgee of an aggregate number of such contracts to secure a bona fide loan thereon.

SECTION 22. Section 2 of chapter 255B, as amended by section 9 of chapter 144 of the acts of 2012, is hereby amended by striking out the fourth and fifth sentences.

SECTION 23. Section 3 of Chapter 255B, as so appearing, is hereby amended by inserting after the first paragraph the following two paragraphs:—

The commissioner shall preserve a full record of each such examination of a licensee including a statement of its condition. All records of investigations and reports of examinations by the commissioner, including workpapers, information derived from such reports or responses to such reports, and any copies thereof in the possession of any licensee under the supervision of the commissioner, shall be confidential and privileged communications, shall not be subject to subpoena and shall not be a public record under clause twenty-sixth of section 7 of chapter 4. For the purpose of this paragraph, records of investigation and reports of examinations shall include records of investigation and reports of examinations conducted by a financial regulatory agency of the federal government and any other state, and of any foreign government which are considered confidential by such agency or foreign government and which are in possession of the commissioner. In any proceeding before a court, the court may issue a protective order to seal the record protecting the confidentiality of any such record, other than any such record on file with the court or filed in connection with the court proceeding, and the court may exclude the public from any portion of the proceeding at which any such record may be disclosed. Copies of such reports of examination shall be furnished to a licensee for its use only and shall not be exhibited to any other person, organization or agency without prior written approval by the commissioner. The commissioner may, in his or her discretion, furnish to regulatory agencies of the federal government, of other states, or of foreign countries, and any law enforcement agency, such information, reports, inspections and statements relating to the licensees under the commissioner’s supervision.

The commissioner, or the commissioner’s examiners, or such other assistants as the commissioner may designate, may summon the directors, officers or agents of a licensee, or any other witnesses, and examine them relative to the affairs, transactions and condition of the licensee, and, for that purpose, may administer oaths. Whoever, without justifiable cause, refuses to appear and testify when so required or obstructs the person making such examination in the performance of their duty, shall be punished by a fine of not more than $1000 or by imprisonment for not more than one year.

SECTION 24. Section 4 of said chapter 255B of the General Laws, as so appearing, is hereby amended by adding the following sentence:— Each day such violation occurs or continues shall be deemed a separate offense.

SECTION 25. Chapter 255B of the General Laws, as so appearing, is hereby amended by striking out section 7, and inserting in place thereof the following section:—

Section 7. The commissioner may suspend or revoke any license issued pursuant to this chapter if the commissioner finds that:

(i) the licensee has violated any provision of this chapter or any rule or regulation adopted hereunder, or any other law applicable to the conduct of its business; or

(ii) any fact or condition exists which, if it had existed at the time of the original application for such license, would have warranted the commissioner in refusing to issue such license.

Except as provided in section eight, no license shall be revoked or suspended except after notice and a hearing thereon pursuant to chapter thirty A.

A licensee may surrender a license by delivering to the commissioner written notice that it thereby surrenders such license, but such surrender shall not affect the civil or criminal liability of the licensee for acts committed before such surrender.

No revocation, suspension or surrender of any license shall impair or affect the obligation of any pre-existing lawful contract between the licensee and any person.

SECTION 26. Chapter 255B of the General Laws, as so appearing, is hereby amended by striking out section 8 and inserting in place thereof the following two sections:—

Section 8. (a) If the commissioner determines, after giving notice of and opportunity for a hearing, that a licensee has engaged in or is about to engage in an act or practice constituting a violation of a provision of this chapter or a rule, regulation or order hereunder, the commissioner may order such licensee to cease and desist from such unlawful act or practice and take such affirmative action as in his or her judgment will effect the purposes of this chapter.

(b) If the commissioner makes written findings of fact that the public interest will be irreparably harmed by delay in issuing an order under subsection (a) the commissioner may issue a temporary cease and desist order. Upon the entry of a temporary cease and desist order, the commissioner shall promptly notify, in writing, the licensee affected thereby that such order has been so entered, the reasons therefor, and that within 20 days after the receipt of a written request from such licensee, the matter will be scheduled for a hearing to determine whether or not such temporary order shall become permanent and final. If no such hearing is requested and none is ordered by the commissioner, the order shall remain in effect until it is modified or vacated by the commissioner. If a hearing is requested or ordered, the commissioner, after giving notice of and opportunity for a hearing to the licensee subject to the order, shall, by written finding of facts and conclusions of law, vacate, modify or make permanent the order.

(c) No order under this section, except an order issued pursuant to subsection (b), may be entered without prior notice of and opportunity for a hearing. The commissioner may vacate or modify an order under this section upon finding that the conditions which required such an order have changed and that it is in the public interest to so vacate or modify.

Any order issued pursuant to this section shall be subject to review as provided in chapter thirty A.

Section 8A. The commissioner may enforce the provisions of this chapter, or restrain any violations thereof, by filing a civil action in any court of competent jurisdiction.

SECTION 27. Chapter 255B of the General Laws, as so appearing, is hereby amended by adding after section 25 the following two sections:—

Section 26. (a) Whenever the commissioner finds that any licensee or exempt person under section two of this chapter has violated any provision of this chapter or any rule or regulation adopted thereunder, or any other law of the Commonwealth applicable to the conduct of the business of a sales finance company, the commissioner may, by order, in addition to any other action authorized under this chapter or any rule or regulation made thereunder, impose a penalty upon such person which shall not exceed $5,000 for each violation, up to a maximum of $100,000 for such violation plus the costs of investigation. The commissioner may impose a penalty which shall not exceed $5,000 for each violation of this chapter, or any rule or regulation adopted thereunder, by a person other than a licensee or exempt person under section two of this chapter, plus the costs of investigation.

(b) In addition to any other action authorized under this chapter or any rule of regulation made thereunder, whoever violates any provision of this chapter or any rule or regulation made thereunder by the commissioner may also be punished by imprisonment for not more than 6 months. The penalty provision of this section shall be in addition to, and not in lieu of, any other provision of law applicable to a licensee or other person for violating provision of this chapter or any rule or regulation made thereunder.

(c) Nothing in this section shall limit the right of any individual or entity who has been injured as a result of any violation of this chapter by a licensee, or any person other than a licensee or exempt person under section two of this chapter, to bring an action to recover damages or restitution in a court of competent jurisdiction.

(d) Any findings or order issued by the commissioner pursuant to this section shall be subject to review as provided in chapter thirty A.

Section 27. (a) Whenever the commissioner determines that any person has, directly or indirectly, violated any section of this chapter or any rule or regulation adopted thereunder, applicable to the conduct of the business of a sales finance company; or any order issued by the commissioner under this chapter or any written agreement entered between such licensee and the commissioner; the commissioner may serve upon such person a written notice of intention:

(1) to prohibit such person from performing in the capacity of a principal employee on behalf of any licensee for a period of time that the commissioner deems necessary;

(2) to prohibit the person from applying for or obtaining a license from the commissioner for a period up to 36 months following the effective date of an order issued under subsection (b) or (c); or

(3) to prohibit the person from any further participation, in any manner, in the conduct of the affairs of a sales finance company in Massachusetts or to prohibit the person from being employed by, an agent of, or operating on behalf of a licensee under this chapter or any other business which requires a license from the commissioner.

(b) A written notice issued under subsection (a) shall contain a written statement of the facts that support the prohibition and shall give notice of an opportunity for a hearing to be held thereon. The hearing shall be fixed for a date not more than 30 days after the date of service upon the commissioner of the request for a hearing. If the person fails to submit a request for a hearing within 20 days of service of notice under subsection (a), or otherwise fails to appear in person or by a duly authorized representative, the party shall be deemed to have consented to the issuance of an order of prohibition in accordance with the notice.

(c) In the event of a consent under subsection (b), or if after a hearing the commissioner finds that any of the grounds specified in such notice have been established, the commissioner may issue an order of prohibition in accordance with subsection (a) as the commissioner finds appropriate.

(d) An order issued under subsection (b) or (c) shall be effective upon service upon the person. The commissioner shall also serve a copy of the order upon the licensee of which the person is an employee or on whose behalf the person is performing. The order shall remain in effect and enforceable until it is modified, terminated, suspended, or set aside by the commissioner or a court of competent jurisdiction.

(e) Except as consented to in writing by the commissioner, any person who, pursuant to an order issued under subsection (b) or (c), has been prohibited from participating in whole or in part in the conduct of the affairs of a sales finance company in Massachusetts may not, while the order is in effect, continue or commence to perform in the capacity of a principal employee, or otherwise participate in any manner, if so prohibited by order of the commissioner, in the conduct of the affairs of:

(1) any licensee under this chapter;

(2) any other business which requires a license from the commissioner; and

(3) any bank, as defined under section one of chapter one hundred sixty-seven, or any subsidiary thereof.

SECTION 28. Chapter 255C of the General Laws, as amended by section 11 of chapter 144 of the acts of 2012, is hereby amended by striking out section 2 and inserting in place thereof the following section:—

Section 2. No person, other than a bank as defined in section one of chapter one hundred sixty-seven, a national banking association, a federally-chartered credit union, a federal savings and loan association, a federal savings bank, or any subsidiary of the above, or a bank, a trust company, savings bank, savings and loan association or credit union organized under the laws of any other state, or any subsidiary of the above, a sales finance company, as defined in section one of chapter two hundred fifty-five B, and a company licensed to carry on the business of making small loans, shall engage in the business of premium finance agency unless licensed by the commissioner, as provided in section three; provided, however, that no property and casualty insurance agent or broker, including an insurance agent or insurance broker conducting an insurance premium financing agency business under a subsidiary or different company name, who provides premium financing only to their own customers for purposes of financing payment of premiums on contracts of insurance, which contracts of insurance are exclusively limited to commercial insurance policies, shall be required to be licensed pursuant to this section or any other section of this chapter. The commissioner may adopt, amend or repeal rules and regulations, which may include an adequate capitalization requirement for sales finance companies, to aid in the administration and enforcement of this chapter.

The license shall allow the holder to maintain only one office from which the business may be conducted, but more than one license may be issued to any person. Any change of location of an office of a licensee shall require the prior approval of the commissioner. The request for relocation shall be in writing setting forth the reason or reasons for the request, and shall be accompanied by a relocation investigation fee to be determined annually by the secretary of administration and finance under section 3B of chapter 7. If an applicant has more than one office, the applicant may obtain a license for each office from which the applicant intends to conduct the business.

SECTION 29. Section 4 of chapter 255C, as so appearing, is hereby amended by striking out the second sentence.

SECTION 30. Section 4 of chapter 255C is hereby further amended by adding the following paragraph: —

If a licensee intends to carry on the business at any place in addition to the address on the license, the licensee shall so notify the commissioner, in writing, at least 30 days prior thereto, and the licensee shall pay a fee for the additional location in an amount to be determined annually by the commissioner of administration under the provision of section three B of chapter seven. The license shall not be transferable or assignable and shall expire annually on a date determined by the commissioner.

SECTION 31. Chapter 255C of the General Laws, as so appearing, is hereby amended by striking out section 5, and inserting in place thereof the following three sections:—

Section 5. The commissioner may suspend or revoke any license issued pursuant to this chapter if the commissioner finds that:

(i) the licensee has violated any provision of this chapter or any rule or regulation adopted hereunder, or any other law applicable to the conduct of its business; or

(ii) any fact or condition exists which, if it had existed at the time of the original application for the license, would have warranted the commissioner in refusing to issue the license.

The commissioner shall have sufficient cause to suspend or revoke a license whenever the commissioner learns from the commissioner of insurance or from any other source that the licensee has failed to return the full amount of a return premium to the person whose insurance policy has been cancelled or to the person’s assignee, as required by section one hundred and seventy-six A of chapter one hundred and seventy-five.

A licensee may surrender a license by delivering to the commissioner written notice that it thereby surrenders the license, but the surrender shall not affect the civil or criminal liability of the licensee for acts committed before the surrender. A revocation or suspension or surrender of any license shall not impair or affect the obligation of an insured under any lawful premium finance agreement previously acquired or held by the licensee.

No revocation, suspension or surrender of any license shall impair or affect the obligation of any pre-existing lawful contract between the licensee and any person.

Whenever the commissioner revokes or suspends a license, the commissioner shall forthwith execute in duplicate a written order to that effect, and shall file one copy of the order in the office of the secretary of state and mail one copy to the licensee. A suspension or revocation of a license shall not be subject to the provisions of chapter thirty A.

Section 5A. (a) If the commissioner determines, after giving notice of and opportunity for a hearing, that a licensee has engaged in or is about to engage in an act or practice constituting a violation of a provision of this chapter or a rule, regulation or order hereunder, the commissioner may order the licensee to cease and desist from the unlawful act or practice and take affirmative action as in his or her judgment will effect the purposes of this chapter.

(b) If the commissioner makes written findings of fact that the public interest will be irreparably harmed by delay in issuing an order under subsection (a) the commissioner may issue a temporary cease and desist order. Upon the entry of a temporary cease and desist order, the commissioner shall promptly notify, in writing, the licensee affected thereby that the order has been so entered, the reasons therefor, and that within 2 days after the receipt of a written request from the licensee, the matter will be scheduled for hearing to determine whether or not the temporary order shall become permanent and final. If no hearing is requested and none is ordered by the commissioner, the order shall remain in effect until it is modified or vacated by the commissioner. If a hearing is requested or ordered, the commissioner, after giving notice of and opportunity for a hearing to the licensee subject to the order, shall, by written finding of facts and conclusions of law, vacate, modify or make permanent the order.

(c) No order under this section, except an order issued pursuant to subsection (b), may be entered without prior notice of and opportunity for a hearing. The commissioner may vacate or modify an order under this section upon finding that the conditions which required the order have changed and that it is in the public interest to so vacate or modify.

Any order issued pursuant to this section shall be subject to review as provided in chapter thirty A.

Section 5B. The commissioner may enforce the provisions of this chapter, or restrain any violations thereof, by filing a civil action in any court of competent jurisdiction.

SECTION 32. Section 6 of chapter 255C, as amended by section 14 of chapter 44 of the acts of 2012, is hereby amended by striking out the second paragraph and inserting in place thereof the following two paragraphs:—

The commissioner shall preserve a full record of each examination of a licensee including a statement of its condition. All records of investigations and reports of examinations by the commissioner, including workpapers, information derived from the reports or responses to the reports, and any copies thereof in the possession of any licensee under the supervision of the commissioner, shall be confidential and privileged communications, shall not be subject to subpoena and shall not be a public record under clause twenty-sixth of section 7 of chapter 4. For the purpose of this paragraph, records of investigation and reports of examinations shall include records of investigation and reports of examinations conducted by a financial regulatory agency of the federal government and any other state, and of any foreign government which are considered confidential by the agency or foreign government and which are in possession of the commissioner. In any proceeding before a court, the court may issue a protective order to seal the record protecting the confidentiality of any such record, other than any such record on file with the court or filed in connection with the court proceeding, and the court may exclude the public from any portion of the proceeding at which any such record may be disclosed. Copies of such reports of examination shall be furnished to a licensee for its use only and shall not be exhibited to any other person, organization or agency without prior written approval by the commissioner. The commissioner may, in his or her discretion, furnish to regulatory agencies of the federal government, of other states, or of foreign countries, and any law enforcement agency, the information, reports, inspections and statements relating to the licensees under the commissioner’s supervision.

The commissioner, or the commissioner’s examiners or other assistants as the commissioner may designate, may summon the directors, officers or agents of a licensee, or any other witnesses, and examine them relative to the affairs, transactions and condition of the licensee, and, for that purpose, may administer oaths. Whoever, without justifiable cause, refuses to appear and testify when so required or obstructs the person making the examination in the performance of their duty, shall be punished by a fine of not more than $1,000 or by imprisonment for not more than one year.

SECTION 33. Section 9 of chapter 255C of the General Laws, as so appearing, is hereby amended by striking out the first paragraph:—

SECTION 34. Chapter 255C of the General Laws, as so appearing, is hereby amended by adding after section 23 the following two sections:—

Section 24. (a) Whenever the commissioner finds that any licensee or exempt person under section two of this chapter has violated any provision of this chapter or any rule or regulation adopted thereunder, or any other law of the Commonwealth applicable to the conduct of the business of a premium finance agency, the commissioner may, by order, in addition to any other action authorized under this chapter or any rule or regulation made thereunder, impose a penalty upon the person which shall not exceed $5,000 for each violation, up to a maximum of $100,000 for the violation plus the costs of investigation. The commissioner may impose a penalty which shall not exceed $5,000 for each violation of this chapter, or any rule or regulation adopted thereunder, by a person other than a licensee or exempt person under section two of this chapter, plus the costs of investigation.

(b) In addition to any other action authorized under this chapter or any rule of regulation made thereunder, whoever violates any provision of this chapter, or knowingly makes any incorrect statement of a material fact in any application, report or statement filed pursuant to this chapter, or knowingly omits to state any material fact necessary to give the commissioner any information lawfully required, may be punished by imprisonment for not more than 6 months. The penalty provision of this section shall be in addition to, and not in lieu of, any other provision of law applicable to a licensee or other person for violating any provision of this chapter or any rule or regulation made thereunder.

(c) Nothing in this section shall limit the right of any individual or entity who has been injured as a result of any violation of this chapter by a licensee, or any person other than a licensee or exempt person under section two of this chapter, to bring an action to recover damages or restitution in a court of competent jurisdiction.

(d) Any findings or order issued by the commissioner pursuant to this section shall be subject to review as provided in chapter thirty A.

Section 25. (a) Whenever the commissioner determines that any person has, directly or indirectly, violated any section of this chapter or any rule or regulation adopted thereunder, applicable to the conduct of the business of a premium finance agency; or any order issued by the commissioner under this chapter or any written agreement entered between the licensee and the commissioner; the commissioner may serve upon the person a written notice of intention:

(1) to prohibit the person from performing in the capacity of a principal employee on behalf of any licensee for a period of time that the commissioner deems necessary;

(2) to prohibit the person from applying for or obtaining a license from the commissioner for a period up to 36 months following the effective date of an order issued under subsection (b) or (c); or

(3) to prohibit the person from any further participation, in any manner, in the conduct of the affairs of a premium finance agency in Massachusetts or to prohibit the person from being employed by, an agent of, or operating on behalf of a licensee under this chapter or any other business which requires a license from the commissioner.

(b) A written notice issued under subsection (a) shall contain a written statement of the facts that support the prohibition and shall give notice of an opportunity for a hearing to be held thereon. The hearing shall be fixed for a date not more than 30 days after the date of service upon the commissioner of the request for a hearing. If the person fails to submit a request for a hearing within 20 days of service of notice under subsection (a), or otherwise fails to appear in person or by a duly authorized representative, the party shall be deemed to have consented to the issuance of an order of prohibition in accordance with the notice.

(c) In the event of a consent under subsection (b), or if after a hearing the commissioner finds that any of the grounds specified in the notice have been established, the commissioner may issue an order of prohibition in accordance with subsection (a) as the commissioner finds appropriate.

(d) An order issued under subsection (b) or (c) shall be effective upon service upon the person. The commissioner shall also serve a copy of the order upon the licensee of which the person is an employee or on whose behalf the person is performing. The order shall remain in effect and enforceable until it is modified, terminated, suspended, or set aside by the commissioner or a court of competent jurisdiction.

(e) Except as consented to in writing by the commissioner, any person who, pursuant to an order issued under subsection (b) or (c), has been prohibited from participating in whole or in part in the conduct of the affairs of a premium finance agency in Massachusetts may not, while the order is in effect, continue or commence to perform in the capacity of a principal employee, or otherwise participate in any manner, if so prohibited by order of the commissioner, in the conduct of the affairs of:

(1) any licensee under this chapter;

(2) any other business which requires a license from the commissioner; and

(3) any bank, as defined under section one of chapter one hundred sixty-seven, or any subsidiary thereof.

SECTION 35. Section 1 of chapter 255D of the General Laws, as so appearing, is hereby amended by striking out the definition of “Sales finance company” in lines 91 through 98, inclusive, and inserting in place thereof the following definition:—

“Sales finance company”

(1) a bank as defined in section one of chapter one hundred and sixty-seven, or a national banking association or a savings and loan association, federal savings bank, federal savings and loan association, federal credit union, or any bank, trust company, savings bank, savings and loan association or credit union organized under the laws of any other state of the United States, or any subsidiary of the above,

(2) any person other than an installment seller engaged, in whole or in part, in the business of purchasing retail installment sale agreements or revolving credit agreements of one or more retail sellers. The term “sales finance company” shall not include the pledgee of an aggregate number of such agreements to secure a bona fide loan thereon.

SECTION 36. The first paragraph of section 2 of chapter 255D, as amended by section 14 of chapter 144 of the acts of 2012, is hereby amended by striking out the fourth and fifth sentences.

SECTION 37. Section 2 of chapter 255D, as so appearing, is hereby further amended by striking out the ninth sentence.

SECTION 38. Section 3 of chapter 255D of the General Laws, as so appearing, is hereby amended by inserting after the first paragraph the following two paragraphs:—

The commissioner shall preserve a full record of each examination of a licensee including a statement of its condition. All records of investigations and reports of examinations by the commissioner, including workpapers, information derived from the reports or responses to the reports, and any copies thereof in the possession of any licensee under the supervision of the commissioner, shall be confidential and privileged communications, shall not be subject to subpoena and shall not be a public record under clause twenty-sixth of section 7 of chapter 4. For the purpose of this paragraph, records of investigation and reports of examinations shall include records of investigation and reports of examinations conducted by a financial regulatory agency of the federal government and any other state, and of any foreign government which are considered confidential by the agency or foreign government and which are in possession of the commissioner. In any proceeding before a court, the court may issue a protective order to seal the record protecting the confidentiality of any such record, other than any such record on file with the court or filed in connection with the court proceeding, and the court may exclude the public from any portion of the proceeding at which any such record may be disclosed. Copies of such reports of examination shall be furnished to a licensee for its use only and shall not be exhibited to any other person, organization or agency without prior written approval by the commissioner. The commissioner may, in his or her discretion, furnish to regulatory agencies of the federal government, of other states, or of foreign countries, and any law enforcement agency, the information, reports, inspections and statements relating to the licensees under the commissioner’s supervision.

The commissioner, or the commissioner’s examiners, or other assistants as the commissioner may designate, may summon the directors, officers or agents of a licensee, or any other witnesses, and examine them relative to the affairs, transactions and condition of the licensee, and, for that purpose, may administer oaths. Whoever, without justifiable cause, refuses to appear and testify when so required or obstructs the person making the examination in the performance of their duty, shall be punished by a fine of not more than $1,000 or by imprisonment for not more than one year.

SECTION 39. Chapter 255D of the General Laws, as so appearing, is hereby amended by striking out section 7 as so appearing, and inserting in place thereof the following section:—

Section 7. The commissioner may suspend or revoke any license issued pursuant to this chapter if the commissioner finds that:

(i) the licensee has violated any provision of this chapter or any rule or regulation adopted hereunder, or any other law applicable to the conduct of its business; or

(ii) any fact or condition exists which, if it had existed at the time of the original application for the license, would have warranted the commissioner in refusing to issue the license.

Except as provided in section eight, no license shall be revoked or suspended except after notice and a hearing thereon pursuant to chapter thirty A.

A licensee may surrender a license by delivering to the commissioner written notice that it thereby surrenders the license, but the surrender shall not affect the civil or criminal liability of the licensee for acts committed before the surrender.

No revocation, suspension or surrender of any license shall impair or affect the obligation of any pre-existing lawful contract between the licensee and any person.

SECTION 40. Said chapter 255D of the General Laws, as so appearing, is hereby further amended by striking out section 8, as so appearing, an inserting in place thereof the following two sections:—

Section 8. (a) If the commissioner determines, after giving notice of and opportunity for a hearing, that a licensee has engaged in or is about to engage in an act or practice constituting a violation of a provision of this chapter or a rule, regulation or order hereunder, the commissioner may order the licensee to cease and desist from the unlawful act or practice and take affirmative action as in his or her judgment will effect the purposes of this chapter.

(b) If the commissioner makes written findings of fact that the public interest will be irreparably harmed by delay in issuing an order under subsection (a) the commissioner may issue a temporary cease and desist order. Upon the entry of a temporary cease and desist order, the commissioner shall promptly notify, in writing, the licensee affected thereby that the order has been so entered, the reasons therefor, and that within 20 days after the receipt of a written request from the licensee, the matter will be scheduled for hearing to determine whether or not the temporary order shall become permanent and final. If no hearing is requested and none is ordered by the commissioner, the order shall remain in effect until it is modified or vacated by the commissioner. If a hearing is requested or ordered, the commissioner, after giving notice of and opportunity for a hearing to the licensee subject to the order, shall, by written finding of facts and conclusions of law, vacate, modify or make permanent the order.

(c) No order under this section, except an order issued pursuant to subsection (b), may be entered without prior notice of and opportunity for a hearing. The commissioner may vacate or modify an order under this section upon finding that the conditions which required the order have changed and that it is in the public interest to so vacate or modify.

Any order issued pursuant to this section shall be subject to review as provided in chapter thirty A.

Section 8A. The commissioner may enforce the provisions of this chapter, or restrain any violations thereof, by filing a civil action in any court of competent jurisdiction.

SECTION 41. Section 30 of chapter 255D of the General Laws, as so appearing, is hereby repealed.

SECTION 42. Chapter 255D of the General Laws, as so appearing, is hereby amended by adding after section 31 the following two sections:—

Section 32. (a) Whenever the commissioner finds that any licensee or exempt person under section two of this chapter has violated any provision of this chapter or any rule or regulation adopted thereunder, or any other law of the Commonwealth applicable to the conduct of the business of a sales finance company, the commissioner may, by order, in addition to any other action authorized under this chapter or any rule or regulation made thereunder, impose a penalty upon the person which shall not exceed $5,000 for each violation, up to a maximum of $100,000 for the violation plus the costs of investigation. The commissioner may impose a penalty which shall not exceed $5,000 for each violation of this chapter, or any rule or regulation adopted thereunder, by a person other than a licensee or exempt person under section two of this chapter, plus the costs of investigation.

(b) In addition to any other action authorized under this chapter or any rule of regulation made thereunder, whoever violates any provision of this chapter may be punished by imprisonment for not more than 6 months. The penalty provision of this section shall be in addition to, and not in lieu of, any other provision of law applicable to a licensee or other person for violating section two or any rule or regulation made thereunder.

(c) Nothing in this section shall limit the right of any individual or entity who has been injured as a result of any violation of this chapter by a licensee, or any person other than a licensee or exempt person under section two of this chapter, to bring an action to recover damages or restitution in a court of competent jurisdiction.

(d) Any findings or order issued by the commissioner pursuant to this section shall be subject to review as provided in chapter thirty A.

Section 33. (a) Whenever the commissioner determines that any person has, directly or indirectly, violated any section of this chapter or any rule or regulation adopted thereunder, applicable to the conduct of the business of a sales finance company; or any order issued by the commissioner under this chapter or any written agreement entered between the licensee and the commissioner; the commissioner may serve upon the person a written notice of intention:

(1) to prohibit the person from performing in the capacity of a principal employee on behalf of any licensee for a period of time that the commissioner deems necessary;

(2) to prohibit the person from applying for or obtaining a license from the commissioner for a period up to 36 months following the effective date of an order issued under subsection (b) or (c); or

(3) to prohibit the person from any further participation, in any manner, in the conduct of the affairs of a sales finance company in Massachusetts or to prohibit the person from being employed by, an agent of, or operating on behalf of a licensee under this chapter or any other business which requires a license from the commissioner.

(b) A written notice issued under subsection (a) shall contain a written statement of the facts that support the prohibition and shall give notice of an opportunity for a hearing to be held thereon. The hearing shall be fixed for a date not more than 30 days after the date of service upon the commissioner of the request for a hearing. If the person fails to submit a request for a hearing within 20 days of service of notice under subsection (a), or otherwise fails to appear in person or by a duly authorized representative, the party shall be deemed to have consented to the issuance of an order of prohibition in accordance with the notice.

(c) In the event of a consent under subsection (b), or if after a hearing the commissioner finds that any of the grounds specified in the notice have been established, the commissioner may issue an order of prohibition in accordance with subsection (a) as the commissioner finds appropriate.

(d) An order issued under subsection (b) or (c) shall be effective upon service upon the person. The commissioner shall also serve a copy of the order upon the licensee of which the person is an employee or on whose behalf the person is performing. The order shall remain in effect and enforceable until it is modified, terminated, suspended, or set aside by the commissioner or a court of competent jurisdiction.

(e) Except as consented to in writing by the commissioner, any person who, pursuant to an order issued under subsection (b) or (c), has been prohibited from participating in whole or in part in the conduct of the affairs of a sales finance company in Massachusetts may not, while the order is in effect, continue or commence to perform in the capacity of a principal employee, or otherwise participate in any manner, if so prohibited by order of the commissioner, in the conduct of the affairs of:

(1) any licensee under this chapter;

(2) any other business which requires a license from the commissioner; and

(3) any bank, as defined under section one of chapter one hundred sixty-seven, or any subsidiary thereof.

SECTION 43. Section 8 of chapter 255E, as so appearing, is hereby amended by adding the following paragraph:—

The commissioner, or the commissioner’s examiners, or other assistants as the commissioner may designate, may summon the directors, officers or agents of a licensee, or any other witnesses, and examine them relative to the affairs, transactions and condition of the licensee, and, for that purpose, may administer oaths. Whoever, without justifiable cause, refuses to appear and testify when so required or obstructs the person making the examination in the performance of their duty, shall be punished by a fine of not more than $1,000 or by imprisonment for not more than one year.