Section 1 of Chapter 90 of the General Laws, as appearing in the 2016 Official Edition, is hereby amended by adding the following definition:-
“Zero-emission vehicle”, a vehicle that produces zero exhaust emissions of any criteria pollutant or precursor pollutant, or greenhouse gas, excluding emissions from air conditioning systems, under any possible operating modes or conditions.
Section 1 of chapter 21N is hereby amended by inserting the following definitions:-
“Low-emission vehicle”, means any motor vehicle certified to the transitional low-emission vehicle, low-emission vehicle, ultra-low emission vehicle, or zero-emission vehicle standards established in Title 13, California Code of Regulations, section 1961.
“Motor vehicles”, as defined in section 1 of chapter 90.
“Motor vehicle fleet” is a person or entity who owns or maintains a fleet of at least twenty-five motor vehicles registered in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
“Zero-emission vehicle”, as defined in section 1 of chapter 90.
Chapter 21N is hereby amended by inserting after section 7 the following sections: -
Section 7A. The secretary, in consultation with the department of energy resources, department of transportation, department of environmental protection, and department of public utilities, shall develop a transition to a zero-emission motor vehicle fleet program and promulgate regulations to require the following motor vehicle fleet greenhouse gas emission limits: (a) fifty percent of all motor vehicle fleets shall be low-emission or zero-emission by 2025; (b) seventy-five percent of all motor vehicle fleets shall be low-emission or zero-emission by 2030; and (c) one hundred percent of all motor vehicle fleets shall be zero-emission by 2035. In reaching the Commonwealth’s public fleet requirements defined in this section, the Secretary shall prioritize for electrification any vehicles cited as medium- or high-priority by the study commissioned pursuant to section 6 of chapter 448 of the acts of 2016. To meet the deadlines established in this section, the secretary shall prioritize zero-emission vehicle deployment in locations serving environmental justice populations as defined in the environmental justice policy of the executive office of energy and environmental affairs, as may be amended.
Section 7B. Notwithstanding section 9A of chapter 7, vehicles subject to the zero-emission motor vehicle fleet program include: (i) all motor vehicle fleets owned or leased by the Commonwealth or a municipality, including vehicles owned or leased by quasi-public agencies and emergency vehicles; (ii) all motor vehicle fleets used, at least in part, for the purpose of commercial ride-sharing and ride-hailing and passenger transportation, including vehicles regulated pursuant to chapter 159A½; (iii) all motor vehicle fleets used for public transportation licensed to operate in the Commonwealth pursuant to chapter 90 or chapter 159A; and (iv) all motor vehicle fleets used as commercial motor carriers, freight services, limousine services, and taxis registered to operate in the Commonwealth.
Section 7C. The secretary, in consultation with the executive office for administration and finance, shall require that new motor vehicles purchased or leased by the Commonwealth shall be low-emission vehicles according to the following deadlines: (i) ten percent of all purchases and leases in 2020; (ii) twenty percent of all purchases and leases in 2021.
Section 7D. The secretary, in consultation with the executive office for administration and finance, shall require that new motor vehicles purchased or leased by the Commonwealth shall be zero-emission vehicles according to the following deadlines: (i) forty percent of all purchases and leases in 2022; (ii) sixty percent of all purchases and leases in 2023; (iii) eighty percent of all purchases and leases in 2024; (iv) ninety percent of all purchases and leases in 2025; and (v) one hundred percent of all purchases and leases in 2026.
Section 7E. The secretary may assess penalty fees to a private owner or operator for failure to meet the requirements of the zero-emission motor vehicle fleet program. Fees collected pursuant to this section shall be used to maintain and construct resilient electric vehicle infrastructure with funding priority for transportation infrastructure serving environmental justice populations as defined by the executive office of energy and environmental affairs environmental justice policy, as may be amended. The secretary may direct fees and proceeds from a market-based policy or other pricing program toward zero-emission vehicle incentives, grant program for municipalities, technical assistance, and resilient transportation infrastructure improvements.
Beginning in 2020 and every five years thereafter through 2040, the Secretary shall submit a report to the Legislature that measures the Commonwealth’s progress towards implementation of the zero-emission motor vehicle fleet program. The report shall: (i) assess the electric vehicle market in the Commonwealth; (ii) identify funding sources to serve as incentives for purchasing zero-emission vehicles to offset costs to agencies, municipalities, and businesses; (iii) identify barriers to increased penetration of zero-emission vehicles; and (iv) recommend legislative and regulatory action to address those barriers.
The secretary may provide education, training, and technical assistance to motor vehicle fleet operators to support zero-emission vehicle penetration.
The regulations required pursuant to sections 7A through 7E of said chapter 21N shall be promulgated and in effect not later than 270 days following the effective date.
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