SECTION 1. Section 1 of Chapter 90 of the General Laws, as appearing in the 2016 General Edition, is hereby amended by adding the following definition:-
“Electric foot scooter”, any device weighing less than 100 pounds, with two or three wheels, handlebars and a floorboard that can be stood upon while riding, which is solely powered by an electric motor and/or human power, and whose maximum speed, with or without human propulsion on a paved level surface, is no more than twenty miles per hour. An electric foot scooter is not a motorized scooter.
SECTION 2. Section 1 of Chapter 90 of the General Laws, as appearing in the 2016 General Edition, is hereby amended as follows:
In line 6 of the definition of “motorized scooter”, adding the words “or an electric foot scooter”.
"Motorized scooter'', any 2 wheeled tandem or 3 wheeled device that has handlebars, designed to be stood or sat upon by the operator, powered by an electric or gas powered motor that is capable of propelling the device with or without human propulsion. The definition of "motorized scooter'' shall not include a motorcycle or motorized bicycle or a 3 wheeled motorized wheelchair or an electric foot scooter.
In line 14 of the definition of “motor vehicles”, adding the words “or electric foot scooters” following “bicycles”.
"Motor vehicles'', all vehicles constructed and designed for propulsion by power other than muscular power including such vehicles when pulled or towed by another motor vehicle, except railroad and railway cars, vehicles operated by the system known as trolley motor or trackless trolley under chapter one hundred and sixty-three or section ten of chapter five hundred and forty-four of the acts of nineteen hundred and forty-seven, vehicles running only upon rails or tracks, vehicles used for other purposes than the transportation of property and incapable of being driven at a speed exceeding twelve miles per hour and which are used exclusively for the building, repair and maintenance of highways or designed especially for use elsewhere than on the travelled part of ways, wheelchairs owned and operated by invalids and vehicles which are operated or guided by a person on foot; provided, however, that the exception for trackless trolleys provided herein shall not apply to sections seventeen, twenty-one, twenty-four, twenty-four I, twenty-five and twenty-six. The definition of "Motor vehicles'' shall not include motorized bicycles or electric foot scooters. In doubtful cases, the registrar may determine whether or not any particular vehicle is a motor vehicle as herein defined. If he determines that it should be so classified, he may require that it be registered under this chapter, but such determination shall not be admissible as evidence in any action at law arising out of the use or operation of such vehicle previous to such determination.
SECTION 3. Chapter 90 of the General Laws, is hereby amended by inserting after Section 1I the following section:-
Section 1J. An electric foot scooter shall not be operated upon any way, as defined in section one within the commonwealth, at a speed in excess of twenty miles per hour.
An electric foot scooter may be operated where bicycles are permitted to travel, and a person operating an electric foot scooter shall have the right to use all public ways in the commonwealth except limited access or express state highways where signs specifically prohibiting electric foot scooters or bicycles have been posted. An electric foot scooter may be parked on a sidewalk in a manner not impeding the normal flow of pedestrian traffic.
An electric foot scooter operator shall be subject to all traffic laws and regulations of the commonwealth, provided that 1) an electric foot scooter operator shall keep to the right side of the road, including when passing a motor vehicle which is moving in the travel lane of the way, unless the electric foot scooter operator is preparing to execute a left turn or when reasonably necessary to avoid hazardous conditions; 2) an electric foot scooter operator shall yield to pedestrian traffic at all times.
An electric foot scooter shall be equipped with a brake, and, when in use at nighttime, with lights visible from the front and the rear.
Every person under age sixteen operating an electric foot scooter shall wear protective headgear conforming with such minimum standards of construction and performance as the registrar may prescribe.
No person operating an electric foot scooter shall permit any other person to ride as a passenger on the electric foot scooter.
A person convicted of a violation of this section shall be punished by a fine of not more than twenty-five dollars for the first offense, not less than twenty-five nor more than fifty dollars for a second offense, and not less than fifty nor more than one hundred dollars for subsequent offenses committed.
SECTION 4. Said chapter 90 is hereby further amended by inserting after section 1J the following section:-
Section 1K. Within 90 days after this Act is effective, the department shall issue recommendations regarding best practices for the safe operation of electric foot scooters. The recommendations and best practices may: (1) establish vehicle specifications and speed limits; (2) establish age restrictions; (3) establish guidelines or restrictions on the operation of electric foot scooters on sidewalks; (4) address data sharing and protection requirements for persons or entities offering electric foot scooters for hire and local authorities; (6) address fines to be assessed for violations upon electric foot scooters; and (7) address any other matters related to safe operation of electric foot scooters.
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