SECTION 1. Chapter 6A of the General Laws is hereby amended by adding the following section:-
Section 105. (a) If a city or town has not provided for multi-family residential development on developable land that, by virtue of its location within 1 mile of a commuter rail station, subway station, ferry terminal or bus station, can be feasibly developed into a residential or mixed-use development containing multifamily housing, the governor shall withhold from such city or town public funds from any state agency and the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority shall, pursuant to section 51 of chapter 46 of the acts of 2013, administer a surcharge on such city or town served by the authority. For the purposes of this section multifamily housing shall mean apartment, cooperative or condominium units in buildings that contain or will contain more than 3 such units.
(b) In considering whether to withhold funds to a city or town from a state agency, the governor shall primarily take into account the type of multi-family housing zoned within 1 mile of a commuter rail station, subway station, ferry terminal or bus station. The multi-family zoning shall allow such units by-right and not be age restricted. The governor shall provide preference for state funds where such multi-family housing is restricted as affordable. The governor shall also take into account whether such municipality has provided for transit oriented development and multi-family housing zoning. For the purposes of this section, transit oriented development (TOD) is compact, walkable development centered around a commuter rail station, subway station, ferry terminal or bus station. TOD includes a mix of uses, such as housing, shopping, employment, and recreational facilities within a design that puts a high priority on serving transit and pedestrians.
SECTION 2. The executive office of administration and finance shall promulgate regulations within 180 days of the passage of this act for the administration of section 1.
SECTION 3. Section 51 of chapter 46 of the acts of 2013 is hereby amended by adding the following subsection:-
(e) A city or town that has not provided for multi-family zoning where a commuter rail station, subway station, ferry terminal or bus station is located pursuant to section 105 of chapter 6 of the General Laws shall pay to the authority a surcharge in the amount of 1 per cent of the fare for each rider entering any such commuter rail station, subway station, ferry terminal or bus station.
SECTION 4. Section 1 shall take effect on January 1, 2021.
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