SECTION 1. The General Laws are hereby amended by inserting after chapter 21O the following chapter:
CHAPTER 21P: The Sustainable Food Service Ware Act.
Section 1. Definitions
“Biodegradable” means entirely made of organic materials such as wood, paper, bagasse or cellulose; or bioplastics that meet the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) D7081 standard for Biodegradable Plastics in the Marine Environment. Any ASTM D7081 product must be clearly labeled with the applicable standard.
“Compostable” refers to bioplastic materials certified to meet the American Society for Testing and Materials International Standards D6400 or D6868, as those standards may be amended. ASTM D6400 is the specification for plastics designed for compostability in municipal or industrial aerobic composting facilities. D6868 is the specification for aerobic compostability of plastics used as coatings on a compostable substrate.
“Disposable food service ware” means all food and beverage containers, bowls, plates, trays, cartons, cups, lids, straws, stirrers, forks, spoons, knives, film wrap, and other items designed for one-time or non-durable uses on or in which any food vendor directly places or packages prepared foods or which are used to consume foods. This includes, but is not limited to, service ware for takeout foods and leftovers from partially consumed meals prepared at food establishments.
“Food establishment” refers an operation that stores, prepares, packages, serves, vends, or otherwise provides food for human consumption. This includes without limitation restaurants and food trucks.
“Recyclable Material” refers to material that can be sorted, cleansed, and reconstituted using the local municipality’s regular year-round collection program for the purpose of using the altered form in the manufacture of a new product. Regular year-round collection means either the municipal curbside pickup or else a municipal transfer station in communities that do not have curbside pickup. All recyclable plastic material must be identified by its plastic resin code in a visible manner on the food service ware. "Recycling" does not include burning, incinerating, converting, or otherwise thermally destroying solid waste.
“Reusable Products” pertains to those that will be used more than once in its same form by a food establishment. Reusable food service ware includes: tableware, flatware, food or beverage containers, packages or trays, such as, but not limited to, soft drink bottles and milk containers that are designed to be returned to the store or distributor that provided the take-out containers. Reusable materials include aluminum and glass. Reusable also includes cleanable durable containers, packages, or trays used on-premises or returnable containers brought back to the food establishment.
Section 2. (a) Except as provided in this section on and after January 1, 2021, all retail food establishments will use food service ware that is biodegradable, compostable, recyclable, or reusable for any food prepared or packaged on premises.
(b) The Department of Environmental Protection shall promulgate regulations with regard to the enforcement of this chapter.
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