SECTION 1. Chapter 263 the General Laws is here by amended by inserting after Section 1a, the following section:-
Section 1b. Recording of Custodial Interrogations.
(1) “Custodial Interrogation” shall mean an interview, which occurs while a person is in custody in a place of detention, involving a law enforcement officer’s questioning that is reasonably likely to elicit incriminating responses.
(2) “Place of Detention” shall mean a jail, police or sheriff’s station, holding cell, correctional or detention facility, or other place where persons are held in connection with juvenile or criminal charges.
(3) “Electronic Recording” or “Electronically Recorded” shall mean an audio, video, or digital recording that is an authentic, accurate, unaltered record of a custodial interrogation, beginning with a law enforcement officer’s advice of the person’s constitutional rights and ending when the interview is completed.
(4) “Statement” shall mean an oral, written, sign language or nonverbal communication.
(b) Recordings Required. All statements made by a person during a custodial interrogation relating to a crime shall be electronically recorded.
(c) Presumption of Inadmissibility. Except as provided in Sections 4 and 5, all statements made by a person during a custodial interrogation that is not electronically recorded and all statements made thereafter by the person during custodial interrogations, including but not limited to statements that are electronically recorded, shall be presumed inadmissible as evidence against the person in any juvenile or criminal proceeding brought against the person.
(d) Overcoming the Presumption of Inadmissibility. The presumption of inadmissibility of statements provided in subsection (c) may be overcome and statements that were not electronically recorded may be admitted into evidence in a juvenile or criminal proceeding brought against the person, if the court finds that:
(i) the statements are admissible under applicable rules of evidence; and
(ii) the statements are proven by clear and convincing evidence to have been made voluntarily, and are reliable; and
(iii) if feasible, law enforcement personnel made a contemporaneous record of the reason for not making an electronic recording of the statements; and
(iv) It is proven by clear and convincing evidence that one or more of the following circumstances existed at the time of the Custodial Interrogation:
(A) the questions put by law enforcement personnel and the person’s responsive statements were a part of the routine processing or “booking” of the person; or
(B) before or during a custodial interrogation, the person agreed to respond to the officer’s questions, only if his or her statements were not electronically recorded; or
(C) the law enforcement officers, in good faith, failed to make an electronic recording of the custodial interrogation because the officers inadvertently failed to operate the recording equipment properly, or without the officers’ knowledge the recording equipment malfunctioned or stopped operating; or
(D) the custodial interrogation occurred in another jurisdiction and was conducted by officials of that jurisdiction in compliance with the law of that jurisdiction; or
(E) the law enforcement officers conducting or observing the custodial interrogation reasonably believed that the making of an electronic recording would jeopardize the safety of the person, a law enforcement officer, another person, or the identity of a confidential informant; or
(F) exigent circumstances existed, which prevented the making of, or rendered it not feasible to make, an electronic recording of the custodial interrogation.
(e) Exceptions. Statements, whether or not electronically recorded, which are admissible under applicable rules of evidence and are proven by clear and convincing evidence to have been made by the person voluntarily and are reliable may be admitted into evidence in a juvenile or criminal proceeding brought against the person if the court finds:
(i) the statements are offered as evidence solely to impeach or rebut the person’s testimony and not as substantive evidence; or
(ii) the custodial interrogation occurred before a grand jury or court; or
(iii) the person agreed to participate in a custodial interrogation after having consulted with his or her lawyer.
(f) Handling and Preservation of Electronic Recordings.
(i) every electronic recording of a custodial interrogation shall be clearly identified and catalogued by law enforcement personnel.
(ii) if a juvenile or criminal proceeding is brought against a person who was the subject of an electronically recorded custodial interrogation, the electronic recording shall be preserved by law enforcement personnel until all appeals, post-conviction, and habeas corpus proceedings are final and concluded or the time within which they must be brought has expired.
(iii) if no juvenile or criminal proceeding is brought against a person who has been the subject of an electronically recorded custodial interrogation, the related electronic recording shall be preserved by law enforcement personnel until all applicable statutes of limitations bar prosecution of the person.
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