SECTION 1. Chapter 76 of the General Laws is hereby amended by striking out section 15, as appearing in the 2018 Official Edition, and inserting in place thereof the following section:-
Section 15. All schools shall comply with the requirements established in chapter 111P.
SECTION 2. Said chapter 76 is hereby further amended by striking out section 15C, as so appearing, and inserting in place thereof the following section:-
Section 15C. All institutions of higher learning shall comply with the requirements established in chapter 111P.
SECTION 3. Section 15D of said chapter 76 is hereby repealed.
SECTION 4. Section 24N of chapter 111 of the General Laws, as appearing in the 2018 Official Edition, is hereby amended by inserting after the word “24M”, in line 32, the following words:- , and to administer chapter 111P.
SECTION 5. The General Laws are hereby amended by inserting after chapter 111O the following chapter:-
Section 1. This chapter shall be known and may be cited as the Community Immunity Act.
Section 2. As used in this chapter, the following words shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly requires otherwise:-
“Covered program”, (a) a child care center, an early education and care program, a family child care home, a large family child care home, a public preschool program, or a school-aged child care program, as defined in section 1A of chapter 15D; (b) a school, whether public, private or charter, that provides education to students in any combination of grade levels from kindergarten to grade 12, inclusive, and including, but not limited to, any school activity open to children who are otherwise instructed in accordance with section 1 of chapter 76; (c) a recreational camp; or (d) an institution of higher education, whether public or private.
“Department”, the department of public health.
“Exemption”, written authorization from the department for a participant to be excused from the schedule.
“Herd immunity”, population-wide resistance to the spread of an infectious disease within that population, resulting from a sufficient percentage of people receiving one or more immunizations with immunity against the disease.
“Immunization”, an inoculation administered for the purpose of making a person resistant to an infectious disease.
“Participant”, a person who engages in 1 or more activities of a covered program through enrollment or other registration process.
“Provider”, a health care provider licensed by an agency, board or division of the commonwealth who, acting within their scope of practice, may lawfully administer an immunization.
“Responsible adult”, a parent or legal guardian of a participant, a participant who is an emancipated minor or a participant who has achieved the age of majority.
“Schedule”, the immunization administration schedule established by the department and consistent with generally accepted medical practice.
Section 3. No covered program shall enroll a participant whose records do not include: (a) documentation of immunizations in accordance with the schedule, or other medical evidence of immunity against diseases listed on the schedule; (b) an exemption approval letter issued by the department, consistent with sections 4 through 12, inclusive; (c) evidence that the participant is in the process of obtaining immunizations with the objective of compliance with the schedule; (d) for public schools only, evidence that the participant moved into the commonwealth not more than 90 days before the date of enrollment and the responsible adult is making a good faith effort to obtain the necessary immunization documentation or exemption approval; or (e) evidence that more than 30 days have elapsed since a responsible adult applied to the department for an exemption and the department has not responded.
Section 4. The two types of immunization exemptions shall be: (a) medical, for a participant whose medical conditions or circumstances preclude the administration of immunizations, as determined in the best medical judgment of a provider; and (b) religious, for a participant who holds, or whose family holds, sincere religious beliefs conflicting with immunizations. There shall be no other type of exemption.
Section 5. The department shall prepare and maintain separate standardized exemption application forms for medical and religious exemptions. The department shall make the forms available to the public online and, as necessary, in hard copy; provided, however, that no covered program shall provide an application form, whether in hard copy or electronically, to a responsible adult or a participant absent a specific request for an application form from the responsible adult.
Section 6. The department shall include in the medical exemption application form the following required elements: (a) a checklist of generally accepted contraindications to immunizations, which checklist shall be completed by a provider; (b) a statement that the provider has an established provider-patient relationship with the participant; (c) a request for the signature of the provider; (d) a request for a unique government-issued professional identification number assigned to the provider; (e) a request for the signature of the responsible adult; and (f) requests for dates for all signatures.
Section 7. The department shall include in the religious exemption application form the following required elements: (a) a statement that the participant or responsible adult has a sincere religious belief conflicting with immunizations; (b) a certification that the responsible adult has provided a complete and accurate copy of the religious exemption application to the participant’s primary health care provider, including the provider’s name and contact information; (c) an acknowledgement of receipt from a provider on the participant’s primary health care team; and (d) a request for the dated signature of the responsible adult. The department shall state on the application form that the department has determined that refusing to immunize is against public health policy and may result in serious illness or death of the participant or others. The department may provide requirements as alternatives to elements (b) and (c) of this section in the event a participant does not have a primary health care provider.
Section 8. The department may add additional elements to the exemption application forms described in sections 6 and 7; provided, however, that the department shall not require any elements seeking a participant’s or responsible adult’s particular religion or a description thereof.
Section 9. A responsible adult shall submit a completed exemption application to the department for review. The department shall determine the method of submission, be it electronic, hard copy, or both.
Section 10. The department shall review each exemption application submitted on a form described in this chapter. The department shall approve each validly executed and accurately completed religious exemption application, described in section 7, and each validly and accurately completed medical exemption application, described in section 6, that identifies one or more generally accepted contraindication to immunization.
Section 11. The department shall issue a letter to each applicant setting forth the department’s determination to approve or deny the exemption application. Whenever practicable, the department shall issue a determination letter not more than 30 days after receipt of the application. For approved applications, the determination letter shall include the final signature date of the application or the expiration date of the approval pursuant to section 12 or both dates. For denied applications, the determination letter shall include the reason or reasons for the denial. The department shall establish a process for appeal or reconsideration for applicants who are denied. An appeal or reconsideration decision from the department shall be deemed an exhaustion of administrative remedies.
Section 12. An exemption approved by the department shall be valid for a period of not more than 1 year from the final signature date of the application. The department may, in its sole discretion, require covered programs to exclude exempted participants during a declared public health emergency.
Section 13. A private covered program may implement immunization requirements more stringent than those set forth in this chapter, including but not limited to accepting medical exemptions only; provided, however, that no private covered program shall refuse to accept medical exemptions; and provided further, that the program creates and maintains a written immunization policy, which shall be made available to all responsible adults.
Section 14. All covered programs shall annually report total numbers of participants who are immune and participants who are exempted from immunization requirements, delineated by exemption type, as applicable, to the department and publish the data to all responsible adults. The department shall designate the methodology for reporting. Publication may be electronic or in hard copy. Publication shall not be required if it would result in disclosure of personal information as defined in section 1 of chapter 93H or otherwise violate applicable privacy laws.
Section 15. The department shall annually publish immunizations and exemptions data, delineated by exemption type, as applicable, for each covered program and school district. The department may also publish data by municipality, county, or other geographic designation, or otherwise in its discretion. Publication shall be electronic and may also be in hard copy. Publication shall not be required whenever doing so would result in disclosure of personal information as defined in section 1 of chapter 93H or otherwise violate applicable privacy laws. The department shall directly disseminate electronic copies of any published data to the school physician or nurse assigned to any public covered program pursuant to section 53 of chapter 71.
Section 16. Any covered program that has not achieved herd immunity shall be designated as an elevated risk program. Any covered program that fails to report immunization and exemption rates consistent with this chapter shall be designated an elevated risk program. Elevated risk program designations shall remain in place until the department, in its sole discretion, determines that the covered program has sufficiently improved immunity rates in the covered program population.
Section 17. The department shall maintain a public, online list of elevated risk programs.
Section 18. The department shall create a notice to responsible adults about an elevated risk designation. An elevated risk program shall issue the notice to all responsible adults for participants or those seeking enrollment in the program during the period in which the designation is in place not more than 10 days after receiving an elevated risk program designation. The department may require elevated risk programs to organize and invite all responsible adults to a presentation by the department about immunization safety, immunization efficacy and herd immunity. Whenever practicable, the presentation shall be conducted within 45 days after the designation is received.
Section 19. The department shall develop and make available online an informational pamphlet about immunization safety, immunization efficacy and herd immunity. The department shall distribute the informational pamphlet, either electronically or in hard copy, to every responsible adult who submits an exemption application pursuant to this section. All elevated risk programs shall distribute the informational pamphlet, either electronically or in hard copy, to all responsible adults for participants or those seeking enrollment in the program during the period in which the designation is in place.
Section 20. The department shall promulgate regulations to administer, implement, and enforce this Act, including but not limited to establishing herd immunity rates consistent with established medical practice and public health research. In conjunction with the department of elementary and secondary education, the department of higher education, or the department of early education and care, the department may develop guidelines for covered programs to achieve compliance with this Act.
Section 21. In conjunction with and facilitated by the departments listed in section 20, as well as partnerships with trusted community-based organizations and local public health departments, health care providers, or clergy, the department shall conduct outreach to support the delivery of medically accurate information about immunizations and herd immunity, including but not limited to the availability of programs funded through the Vaccine Purchase Trust Fund established in section 24N of chapter 111. Such outreach shall focus on, but not be limited to, immunization gap populations in under-vaccinated communities.
Section 22. The department shall collect and report data on immunizations against any infectious disease which has given rise to a declared public health state of emergency in the commonwealth. Daily immunization data reports, which the department shall publish on its website, shall include the number of individuals receiving the immunization, delineated by age and geographic location, including municipal, county, and statewide counts. Further, the department shall collect infectious disease immunization data by key socioeconomic and demographic indicators, including race, gender, ethnicity, disability, sexual orientation and gender identity, primary language, occupation, household income, residence in elder care facilities and other congregate care settings, and housing status, and report such data on its website not less than weekly, except where publication would result in disclosure of personal information as defined in section 1 of chapter 93H .
SECTION 6. Section 12F of chapter 112 of the general laws, as appearing in the 2018 Official Edition, is hereby amended by striking out, in lines 14 and 15, the words “have come in contact with” and inserting in place thereof the following words:- be at risk of contracting.
SECTION 7. Said section 12F of said chapter 112, as so appearing, is hereby further amended by inserting after the word “diagnosis”, in line 18, the following word:- , prevention.
SECTION 8. Chapter 5 of the Acts of 1995 is hereby amended by striking out section 122.
SECTION 9. Sections 1 through 5, inclusive, of this act shall take effect on July 1, 2021. Remaining sections of this act shall take effect upon its passage.
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