SECTION 1: In order to mitigate the loss of moderate-income housing by the demand for buildable parcels of land, a residential linkage fee, hereafter referred to as "the community housing surcharge" or "the surcharge," shall be added by the Town of Lexington to all new single and two-family residential construction building permits issued by said town on parcels where an existing single- or two-family dwelling has been demolished to create a single buildable lot or multiple buildable lots.
SECTION 2: The Select Board of the Town of Lexington shall determine the amount of the community housing surcharge, which shall be applied on a dollars-per-square-foot basis on the certified total gross floor area of the structure or structures permitted by an applicable building permit. The surcharge shall apply only to single-family structures larger than 2,100 square feet gross floor area and to two-family structures larger than 4,200 square feet gross floor area. The Select Board shall adjust the rate of the community housing surcharge for inflation annually.
SECTION 3: The Town Manager of the Town of Lexington or their designee shall prepare a study every five years to determine the suitability, effect, and amount of the surcharge, and recommend to the Select Board any possible changes necessary to address changing demand for community housing. The Town Manager or their designee shall also prepare and issue an annual report that identifies surcharge receipts; quantifies the attributes of community housing projects funded by the community housing surcharge and evaluates the impact of said housing projects.
SECTION 4: The Select Board of the Town of Lexington may adopt additional requirements, exemptions, and regulations to implement or enforce said community housing surcharge, consistent with this act.
SECTION 5. The building commissioner of the Town of Lexington shall not issue a certificate of occupancy for a building subject to this act before the community housing surcharge required by this act is paid; provided that an applicant for a building permit for a building in which said applicant intends to reside may opt to have the amount of said surcharge added to the property taxes due on said property in lieu of paying the surcharge in advance. If the applicant opts to have the surcharge added to the property taxes in such manner, the Town of Lexington Motion Special Town Meeting 2020-2 2 applicant shall not be required to pay said surcharge until the property is sold to another person; provided further that no interest shall accrue on the amount of the surcharge, and that the amount of the surcharge charge shall be abated by 20% per year from the date of the certificate of occupancy such that the amount of the surcharge will be $0 as of the date that is five years from the date the certificate of occupancy is issued.
SECTION 6: All surcharges received pursuant to this act shall be deposited into the Town of Lexington Affordable Housing Capital Stabilization Fund.
SECTION 7: For the purposes of this act, "community housing" shall mean as defined under section 2 of chapter 44B of the General Laws.
SECTION 8: This act shall take effect upon its passage.
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