Chapter 125 of the General Laws is hereby amended by inserting after section 21 the following section:-
Section 22. The Correction Officers Bill of Rights
(a) The following words and phrases as used in this section, unless a different meaning is plainly required by the context, shall have the following meanings:
“Correctional officer”, shall mean and refer to a sworn member of the Massachusetts Department of Correction who holds one of the following titles: Correction Officer, Industrial Instructor, or Recreation Officer, or a sworn officer of any county jail or house of correction which includes those holding the rank of correction officer, sergeant, lieutenant, and captain.
“Disciplinary action”, shall mean and refer to any action that may lead to dismissal, demotion, suspension, reduction in pay or benefits, written reprimand, or a transfer or reassignment for purposes of punishment.
(b) Whenever a correctional officer is under investigation and subject to interrogation by his commanding officer, or any other member of the employing agency or office, for any reason which could lead to disciplinary action, such interrogation shall be conducted under the following conditions:
The interrogation shall be conducted at a reasonable hour, preferably at a time when the correctional officer is on duty, unless the seriousness of the investigation is of such a degree that immediate action is required.
The interrogation shall take place either at the office headquarters of the investigating officer or at the correctional unit in which the incident allegedly occurred, as designated by the investigating officer or employing agency or office.
The correctional officer under investigation shall be informed prior to such interrogation of the rank, name, and command of the officer in charge of the investigation, any interrogating officers, and all persons present during the interrogation. All questions directed to the officer under interrogation shall be asked by and through no more than one interrogator at any one time.
The correctional officer under investigation shall be informed of the nature of the investigation prior to any interrogation, and he or she shall be informed of the name of all complainants.
The interrogating sessions shall be for a reasonable period taking into consideration the nature and complexity of the issue being investigated, and shall be timed to allow for such personal necessities and rest periods as are reasonably necessary.
The correctional officer under interrogation shall not be subjected to offensive language or be threatened with dismissal, demotion, suspension, a written reprimand, or other disciplinary action, except that an officer refusing to answer questions or submit to interrogation shall be informed that a failure to answer questions directly related and relevant to the investigation or interrogation may result in disciplinary action. No promise or reward shall be made as an inducement to answer any questions.
The complete interrogation of a correctional officer shall be recorded on audio tape, or otherwise preserved in such a manner as to allow a transcript to be prepared, and there shall be no unrecorded questions or statements. Upon the request of the interrogated officer, a copy of any such recording or transcript shall be made available to the interrogated officer no later than 72 hours, excluding holidays and weekends, following said request. The correctional officer being interrogated shall have the right to bring his or her own audio tape recording device and record any and all aspects of the interrogation.
If prior to or during the interrogation of the correctional officer it is deemed that he or she may likely be charged with a criminal offense, the correctional officer shall be completely informed of all his or her constitutional rights before proceeding or continuing with the interrogation.
At the request of any correctional officer under investigation, he or she shall have the right to be represented by counsel or a collective bargaining unit representative of his or her choice, who shall be present at all times during such interrogation. The representative shall not be the person subject to the same investigation, and this right to representation shall not apply to any normal course of duty counseling, instruction, or informal verbal admonishment by, or other routine or planned contact with, a supervisor or any other correctional officer. Nothing herein shall be construed to prohibit a collective bargaining unit representative from being present during any interrogation unless the interrogated officer specifically requests their exclusion.
Upon completion of the investigation, the correctional officer shall be furnished with the names of any witnesses, the charges and specifications against the officer, a copy of the investigatory file and any exculpatory information, but excluding the identity of any justifiably confidential sources of information, not less than 10 days prior to any disciplinary hearing.
(c) No evidence obtained or received in violation of any rights established by the United States Constitution, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts Constitution, or this section, shall be admitted into evidence in any disciplinary hearing. Further, no person or tribunal shall enter any judgment or sustain any disciplinary action based on any evidence obtained or received in violation of the correctional officer’s rights as contained in this section.
(d) No dismissal, demotion, suspension, transfer, reassignment, or other personnel action which might result in loss of pay or benefits or which might otherwise be considered a disciplinary or punitive measure shall be taken against any correctional officer unless he or she is first notified of the impending action, and the rights and privileges granted by this section and any applicable collective bargaining agreement have been properly afforded.
(e) Every correctional officer shall have the right to bring a civil action against any person, group of persons, or organization or corporation, or the head of such organization or corporation, for damages, either pecuniary or otherwise, suffered during the performance of the officer's official duties or for abridgment of the officer's civil rights arising out of the officer's performance of official duties.
(f) No correctional officer shall be discharged, demoted, denied promotion, suspended, transferred, reassigned, or otherwise discriminated against in regard to his or her employment or appointment, or be threatened with any such treatment, by reason of his or her exercise of the rights and privileges granted by this section or any applicable collective bargaining agreement.
(g) Notwithstanding the rights and privileges provided by this section, this section does not limit the right of the Department of Correction or the Office of the Sheriff of any County to discipline or pursue criminal charges against a correctional officer.
(h) The rights and privileges established by this section shall not be diminished or abridged by any applicable collective bargaining agreement.
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