SECTION 1. Section 1 of chapter 90 of the General Laws, as appearing in the 2018 Official Edition, is hereby amended by inserting after the definition of “Department” the following 2 definitions:-
“Electric bicycle”, a bicycle or tricycle equipped with fully operable pedals and an electric motor of less than 750 watts that meets at least 1 of the following 3 classes: (i) class 1, a bicycle or tricycle equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling and that ceases to provide assistance when the bicycle or tricycle reaches the speed of 20 miles per hour; (ii) class 2, a bicycle or tricycle equipped with a motor that may be used exclusively to propel the bicycle or tricycle and that is not capable of providing assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of 20 miles per hour; or (iii) class 3, a bicycle or tricycle equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling and that ceases to provide assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of 28 miles per hour.
“Electric foot scooter”, a device, not including a motorized scooter, that weighs less than 100 pounds, has handlebars, 2 or 3 wheels and a floorboard that can be stood upon while riding, is solely powered by an electric motor or human power and has a maximum speed, with or without human propulsion on a paved level surface, of not more than 20 miles per hour.
SECTION 2. Said section 1 of said chapter 90, as so appearing, is hereby further amended by inserting after the word “hour”, in line 264, the following words: - ; provided, however, that “motorized bicycle” shall not include an electric bicycle.
SECTION 3. Said section 1 of said chapter 90, as so appearing, is hereby further amended by inserting after the word “wheelchair”, in line 270, the following words:- , electric bicycle or an electric foot scooter.
SECTION 4. Said section 1 of said chapter 90, as so appearing, is hereby further amended by inserting after the word “bicycles”, in lines 287 and 288, the following words:- or an electric bicycle or an electric foot scooter.
SECTION 5. Said chapter 90 is hereby further amended by inserting after section 1I the following 2 sections:-
Section 1J. An electric foot scooter shall not be operated upon any way at a speed in excess of 20 miles per hour.
An electric foot scooter may be operated where bicycles are permitted to travel and a person operating an electric foot scooter shall have the right to use all public ways, except limited access or express state highways where signs specifically prohibiting electric foot scooters or bicycles have been posted. An electric foot scooter may be parked on a sidewalk in a manner not impeding the normal flow of pedestrian traffic.
An electric foot scooter operator shall be subject to all traffic laws and regulations; provided, however, that an electric foot scooter operator shall keep to the right side of the road, including when passing a motor vehicle which is moving in the travel lane of the way unless the electric foot scooter operator is preparing to execute a left turn or when reasonably necessary to avoid hazardous conditions; and provided further, that an electric foot scooter operator shall yield to pedestrians.
An electric foot scooter shall be equipped with a brake and, when in use at nighttime, with lights visible from the front and rear.
A person under the age 16 who operates an electric foot scooter shall wear protective headgear that conforms with such minimum standards of construction and performance as the registrar may prescribe.
No person operating an electric foot scooter shall permit another person to ride as a passenger thereon.
A person convicted of a violation of this section shall be punished by a fine of not more than $25 for a first offense, not less than $25 nor more than $50 for a second offense and not less than $50 nor more than $100 for a third or subsequent offense.
Section 1K. The department shall issue recommendations and best practices for the safe operation of electric foot scooters that may: (i) establish vehicle specifications and speed limits; (ii) establish age restrictions on the use of certain personal micromobility devices; (iii) establish restrictions on the operation of personal micromobility devices on sidewalks; (iv) determine the number of passengers such devices may safely transport; (v) establish data sharing and protection requirements for persons or entities engaged in the retail business of renting personal micromobility devices; (vi) establish fines to be assessed for violations involving the use electric foot scooters; and (vii) address any other matters related to safe the operation of electric foot scooters.
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