SECTION 1. Section 8 of chapter 118E of the General Laws, as appearing in the 2018 Official Edition, is hereby amended by adding the following definitions:-
“Adverse determination”, a determination from a clinical peer reviewer, based upon a concurrent and retrospective medical review of information provided by a healthcare provider, to deny, reduce, modify or terminate an admission, continued inpatient stay or the availability of any other health care services, for failure to meet the requirements for coverage based on medical necessity, appropriateness of health care setting and level of care or effectiveness.
“Clinical peer reviewer”, a physician or other health care professional, other than the physician or other health care professional who made the initial decision, who holds a non-restricted license from the appropriate professional licensing board in the commonwealth, a current board certification from a specialty board approved by the American Board of Medical Specialties or the Advisory Board of Osteopathic Specialists from the major areas of clinical services or, for non-physician health care professionals, the recognized professional board for their specialty, who also actively practices in the same or similar specialty as typically manages the medical condition, procedure or treatment under review and whose compensation does not directly or indirectly depend upon the quantity, type or cost of the services that such person approves or denies.
SECTION 2. Section 51 of said chapter 118E, as so appearing, is hereby amended by inserting after the first paragraph the following new paragraph:-
Upon making an adverse determination regarding an admission, continued inpatient stay, or the availability of any other health care services or procedure, the division shall provide a written notification of the adverse determination that shall include a substantive clinical justification that is consistent with generally accepted principles of professional medical practice, and shall, at a minimum: (1) identify the specific information upon which the adverse determination was based; (2) discuss the medical assistance recipient's presenting symptoms or condition, diagnosis and treatment interventions and the specific reasons based on national evidence based medical standards and criteria that such medical evidence fails to meet a national evidence based medical standard and criteria; (3) specify any alternative treatment option offered by the division, if any; and (4) reference and include applicable clinical practice guidelines and review criteria used in making the adverse determination. The division shall give a provider treating a medical assistance recipient an opportunity to seek reconsideration of an adverse determination. Said reconsideration process shall occur within one working day of the receipt of the request and shall be conducted between the provider rendering the service and the clinical peer reviewer or a clinical peer designated by the clinical peer reviewer if said reviewer cannot be available within one working day. If the adverse determination is not reversed by the reconsideration process, nothing in the paragraph shall prevent the provider from pursuing the claim through the division’s appeal process.
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