SECTION 1: For purposes of this act, the words and phrases set forth in this section shall have the following meanings:
“Anti-flipping restriction”, a restriction that limits the time and price at which a real property interest or real property in connection with which a real property interest is held may be transferred following receipt of the real property interest from the housing bank or the receipt of housing bank funding with respect to the real property interest, as shall be set forth in regulations adopted by the commission. Any person who transfers a real property interest in contravention of an anti-flipping restriction shall pay a penalty equal to 100 per cent of the amount of housing bank funding received and 100 per cent of the amount by which the purchase price exceeds the permissible purchase price established by the commission’s regulations.
“Area median income”, the median income for Dukes County, with adjustments made for smaller and larger families, as such median income shall be determined from time to time by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development.
“Commission”, the Martha’s Vineyard housing bank commission established by section 3.
"Community housing", rental and ownership housing units for use as year-round housing by those residents of Martha's Vineyard earning up to 240 per cent of area median income, or such lower limit determined by the Commission with respect to, or otherwise applicable to, particular housing units.
“Community housing restriction”, a perpetual restriction, whether or not stated in the form of a restriction, easement, covenant or condition in any deed, mortgage, will, agreement, or other instrument limiting the use of real property or housing units to occupancy for community housing.
“Housing bank”, the Martha’s Vineyard housing bank established by section 2.
"Legal representative", with respect to any person, shall mean any other person acting under a written power-of-attorney executed by that person; provided, however, that any affidavit attesting to the true and complete purchase price of a real property interest, submitted to the commission pursuant to section 15, may also be signed on behalf of that person by an attorney admitted to practice in the commonwealth.
“Purchaser”, the transferee, grantee or recipient of any real property interests.
“Purchase price”, all consideration paid or transferred by or on behalf of a purchaser to a seller or a seller’s nominee, or for the seller’s benefit, for the sale, lease, exchange, or transfer of any real property interest, and shall include, but not be limited to: (i) all cash or its equivalent so paid or transferred; (ii) all cash or other property paid or transferred to discharge or reduce any obligation of the seller; (iii) the principal amount of all notes or their equivalent, or other deferred payments, given or promised to be given to the seller or the seller’s nominee; (iv) the outstanding balance of all obligations of the seller which are assumed by the purchaser or to which the real property interest transferred remains subject after the transfer, determined at the time of transfer, but excluding real estate taxes and other municipal liens or assessments which are not overdue at the time of transfer; and (v) the fair market value, at the time of transfer, of any other consideration or thing of value paid or transferred, including, but not limited to, any property, goods or services paid, transferred or rendered in exchange for such real property interest.
"Real property interest", any present or future legal or equitable interest in or to real property, and any beneficial interest therein, including the interest of any beneficiary in a trust which holds any legal or equitable interest in real property, the interest of a partner or member in a partnership or limited liability company which holds any legal or equitable interest in real property, the interest of a stockholder in a corporation which holds any legal or equitable interest in real property, the interest of a holder of an option to purchase real property, the interest of a buyer or seller under a contract for purchase and sale of real property, the transferable development rights created under chapter 183A of the General Laws; the dominant estate in any easement or right of way, the right to enforce any restriction, an estate at will or at sufferance, or an estate for years or leasehold interest.
“Seller”, the transferor, grantor or immediate former owner of any real property interests.
“Shared appreciation equity loan,” a loan agreement pursuant to which the housing bank receives a percentage of a property’s appreciation upon transfer for consideration.
“Time of transfer”, of any real property interest shall mean, the time at which such transfer is legally effective as between the parties thereto, and, in any event, with respect to a transfer evidenced by an instrument recorded with the appropriate registry of deeds or filed with the assistant recorder of the appropriate registry district, not later than the time of such recording or filing.
“Town advisory board”, a town board created in each member town to assist the commission in administering this act, each to consist of 1 representative duly appointed, either from its membership or otherwise, by each of the following town boards: select board, conservation commission, planning board, zoning board, board of assessors, housing committee, board of health and, if one exists, wastewater committee. Should a position become vacant, a member appointed by the respective board to complete the unexpired term shall fill said vacancy. Members shall hold 3-year staggered terms with the length of the terms of each of the initial town advisory board members to be designated by the town select board. All decisions of the town advisory boards shall be by two-thirds vote of those present and voting at a meeting at which a majority of the members is present.
“Transfer price restriction”, a perpetual restriction, whether or not stated in the form of a restriction, easement, covenant or condition in any deed, mortgage, will, agreement, or other instrument limiting the price at which real property may be transferred or the rental rates that might be charged, based on a formula as shall be set forth in regulations adopted by the commission.
“Year-round housing”, shall be as defined in regulations adopted by the commission; provided that year-round housing shall not include housing units in which the primary occupants reside for less than 11 months during any 1-year period.
“Year-round housing restriction”, a perpetual restriction whether or not stated in the form of a restriction, easement, covenant or condition in any deed, mortgage, will, agreement, or other instrument limiting the use of the real property to occupancy for year-round housing.
SECTION 2: There shall be a Martha’s Vineyard housing bank, to be administered by a commission established by section 3, for the purpose of creating and preserving both year-round housing and community housing. The housing bank shall be a body politic and corporate and a public instrumentality, and the exercise of the powers herein conferred upon the housing bank shall be deemed to be the performance of an essential governmental function.
SECTION 3: (a)The housing bank shall be administered by a commission consisting of: 1 town-representative member elected by each of the member towns, each of whom shall be a legal resident of the member town he or she represents; and 1 at-large member elected by island-wide vote who shall be a legal resident of Martha’s Vineyard. Each town-representative member shall be elected to a 3-year term in the same manner as other elected town officials. Notwithstanding the foregoing, (a) the commission shall initially consist of: 1 town-representative member appointed by the select board of each of the member towns, to serve until the first election of a town-representative member at such town’s regular or special town election following the effective date of this act, and (b) the terms of the initial town-representative members elected as set forth herein shall be drawn by lot by representatives appointed by the member towns’ select boards prior to the first election of any town-representative member, and shall be staggered so that, as nearly as possible, an equal number of terms expire each year following the first election of town-representative members. The initial at-large member shall be appointed by the county commissioners to serve from the effective date of this act until the first election of the at-large member following the effective date of this act. The election of the at-large member of the commission shall be conducted at the biennial state election in 2024 and succeeding elections of the at-large member shall take place at the biennial state election. The nomination of candidates for election to such office shall be in accordance with sections 6 and 8 of chapter 53 of the General Laws; provided, however, that no more than 10 signatures of voters shall be required on the nomination papers for such office. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 10 of chapter 53 of the General Laws, nomination papers for said candidates shall be filed with the office of the state secretary on or before the tenth Tuesday preceding the day of the election. Such nomination papers shall be subject to the provisions of section 7 of said chapter 53. Upon election or appointment to the commission, the at-large commission member shall be sworn to the faithful execution of his or her duties by the town clerk of the town in which he or she resides.
(b) Should a vacancy occur during the term of any town-representative member, the select board of the town represented by such member shall appoint an interim member to serve for the unexpired portion of the term. Should a vacancy occur during the term of the at-large member, the county commissioners shall appoint an interim member to serve for the unexpired portion of the term.
(c) The commission shall elect a chair and a vice chair from among its members and shall elect a secretary and a treasurer who may be the same person, but who need not be members of the commission.
(d) Decisions of the commission shall be by majority vote of those present and voting at a meeting at which a majority of the members is present.
(e) If approved by each town advisory board, members of the commission may be paid a stipend, provided that such stipend shall not exceed $2,000 annually unless a higher amount is both authorized by a majority vote of town meeting in each member town and approved by each town advisory board.
(f) The commission shall keep accurate records of its meetings and actions and shall file an annual report which shall be distributed with the annual report of each member town.
SECTION 4: The commission shall have the power and authority to:
(a) acquire, by purchase, lease, gift, grant, contribution, devise or transfer from any person, firm, corporation or other public or private entity, any real property interest, including a year-round restriction, within any of the member towns; provided, however, that the commission shall, in considering any such acquisition, use as guidelines town or regional master plans, wastewater plans, watershed management plans, open space plans, and climate and energy goals;
(b) acquire, by purchase, gift, grant, contribution, devise or transfer, personal property, and accept and receive money, by gift, grant, contribution, devise or transfer, from any person, firm, corporation or other public or private entity, including but not limited to grants of funds or other property tendered to the housing bank in connection with any ordinance or by-law or any general or special law or any other source;
(c) sell, lease, exchange, transfer or convey any real property interest or personal property at public auction or by private contract for such consideration and on such terms as to credit or otherwise as the commission may determine, subject to restrictions as described in section 12;
(d) subject to the requirements described in section 11, extend grants, loans, guarantees, lines of credit, interest subsidies, rental assistance, or any other means of funding the commission deems advisable to further the goals of the housing bank;
(e) execute, acknowledge and deliver deeds, assignments, transfers, pledges, leases, covenants, contracts, promissory notes, releases, grant agreements and other instruments sealed or unsealed, necessary, proper or incident to any transaction in which the commission engages for the accomplishment of the purposes of the housing bank;
(f) incur debt by pledging the full faith and credit of the housing bank subject to the limitations set forth in this act, provided that the commission may incur debt only to the extent that its projected annual debt service obligation prior to maturity with respect to any existing and any new debt will not, in the aggregate, exceed 10 per cent of the average annual revenues received by the housing bank during its prior three fiscal years, commencing with the initial partial fiscal year following the effective date of this act; and provided further that, for the purpose of determining the housing bank’s projected annual debt service obligation, any interest other than a fixed rate shall be calculated as the rate payable for the most recent 12 month period, or the period for which the indebtedness has been outstanding if less than 12 months, and the rate payable on the date that the indebtedness is incurred for any new indebtedness;
(g) hire such staff and obtain such professional services as are necessary in order to perform its duties; and
(i) after holding a public hearing and after requesting recommendations from the town advisory board of each of the member towns, adopt, amend or rescind such rules, regulations and procedures as the commission deems necessary or appropriate to carry out the provisions of this act.
Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, any expenditure or use of housing bank funds, including any loans or disbursement of down payment assistance provided by the housing bank, and any acquisition of a real property interest, whether by purchase, lease, gift, grant, contribution, devise or transfer, shall require approval by the town advisory board or boards in the town or towns in which the project will be located or in which a real property interest will be acquired.
SECTION 5.Each member town is hereby authorized to appropriate money to be deposited in the fund as provided in section 13.
SECTION 6. The housing bank is hereby empowered to issue its bonds and notes, including notes in anticipation of bonds, for the purpose of acquiring real property interests and providing funding as provided in section 4(d). The proceeds of such bonds or notes may be used to pay, in whole or in part, acquisition costs; to provide reserves for debt service and other expenses; to pay consulting, appraisal, advisory and legal fees and costs incidental to the issuance and sale of such bonds or notes; to purchase, refund or renew bonds or notes previously issued; and to pay any other costs and expenses of the housing bank necessary for the accomplishment of its purposes. Bonds or notes issued under this act shall be authorized by the commission which shall have full power and authority to determine the amount, form, terms, conditions, provisions for the payment of interest and all other details thereof and to provide for their sale and issuance at such price and in such manner as the commission shall determine, subject only to any limitations set forth in this act; provided, however, that the issuance of bonds or notes by the commission shall require the approval of two-thirds of the town advisory boards. All bonds or notes issued hereunder shall be payable solely from the fees and other revenues of the housing bank pledged to their payment and shall not be deemed a pledge of the full faith and credit of any town in the county of Dukes County, the county of Dukes County, or the commonwealth.
The commission may enter into any agreements, including without limitation a loan agreement and a trust agreement, necessary to effectuate and to secure any bonds or notes issued by the housing bank. Such agreements may pledge or assign, in whole or in part, the revenues and other money held or to be received by the housing bank. Such agreements may contain provisions for protecting and enforcing the rights, security and remedy of the holders of such bonds or notes, including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, provisions defining defaults and providing for remedies in the event thereof which may include the acceleration of maturities and covenants setting forth the duties of, and limitations on, the housing bank in relation to the custody, safeguarding, investment and application of money, the issuance of additional debt obligations, the use of any surplus proceeds of the borrowing, including any investment earnings thereon, and the establishment of special funds and reserves.
The pledge of any such agreement shall be valid and binding and shall be deemed continuously perfected for the purposes of the Uniform Commercial Code from the time when the pledge is made; the revenues, money, rights and proceeds so pledged and then held or thereafter acquired or received by the housing bank shall immediately be subject to the lien of such pledge without any physical delivery or segregation thereof or further act; and the lien of any such pledge shall be valid and binding against all parties having claims of any kind in tort, contract or otherwise against any member town or the county of Dukes County, irrespective of whether such parties have notice thereof. No document by which a pledge is created need be filed or recorded except in the records of the housing bank and no filing need be made under the Uniform Commercial Code.
The trustee with respect to any such trust agreement entered into pursuant to this section shall be a trust company or a bank having the powers of a trust company within the commonwealth. Any such trust agreement may provide that any money received thereunder may be held, deposited or invested by the trustee, notwithstanding the provisions of section 13, pending the disbursement thereof, in any deposits or investments which are lawful for the funds of savings banks and shall provide that any officer with whom or any bank or trust company with which such money shall be deposited shall act as trustee of such money and shall hold and apply the same for the purposes hereof and thereof, subject to such regulation or limitation as this act or such trust agreement may provide.
It shall be lawful for any bank or trust company within the commonwealth to act as depository of the proceeds of bonds or notes, revenues or other money hereunder and to furnish such indemnifying bonds or to pledge such security, if any, as may be require by the commission. Any trust agreement entered into pursuant to this section may set forth the rights and remedies of the holders of any bonds or notes and of the trustee and may restrict the individual right of action by any such holders. In addition to the foregoing, any such trust agreement may contain other such provisions as the commission may deem reasonable and proper. All expenses incurred in carrying out the provisions of such trust agreement may be (i) treated as part of the cost of operation of the housing bank and (ii) paid from the revenues or other funds pledged or assigned to the payment of the principal of and the premium, if any, and interest on the bonds or notes or from any other funds available to the housing bank. In addition to other security provided herein or otherwise by law, bonds or notes issued under this section may be secured, in whole or in part, by insurance or by letters or lines of credit or other credit facilities issued to the housing bank by any bank, trust company or other financial institution, within or without the commonwealth, and the housing bank may pledge or assign any of its revenues as security for the reimbursement by the housing bank to the issuers of such letters or lines of credit, insurance or credit facilities of any payments made hereunder.
SECTION 7. Bonds and notes issued under the provisions of this act are hereby made securities in which all public officers and public bodies of the commonwealth and its political subdivisions, all insurance companies, trust companies in their commercial departments, savings banks, cooperative banks, banking associations, investment companies, executors, administrators, trustees and other fiduciaries may properly and legally invest funds, including capital in their control or belonging to them. Such bonds and notes are hereby made securities which may properly and legally be deposited with and received by any state or municipal officer or any agency or political subdivision of the commonwealth for any purpose for which the deposit of bonds or obligations of the commonwealth is now or may hereafter be authorized by law.
SECTION 8.Notwithstanding any of the provisions of this act or any recitals in any bonds or notes issued under this act, all such bonds and notes shall be deemed to be investment securities under the Uniform Commercial Code.
SECTION 9. The housing bank and all its revenues, income and real and personal property used solely by the housing bank in furtherance of its public purposes shall be exempt from taxation and from betterments and special assessments and the housing bank shall not be required to pay any tax, excise or assessment to or for the commonwealth or any of its political subdivisions. Bonds and notes issued by the housing bank, their transfer and the income therefrom, including any profit made on the sale thereof, shall at all times be exempt from taxation within the commonwealth. The provisions of section 27C of chapter 29 of General Laws shall not apply to this section or any other provisions of this chapter.
SECTION 10. The housing bank shall address the greatest community need as determined from time to time by the commission according to prevailing data, and subject to the provisions of this act. Not less than 75 per cent of the expenditures and funding commitments approved by the commission in any fiscal year shall be allocated to activities or projects on properties previously developed with existing buildings, or to fund infrastructure, including wastewater disposal and utilities, associated with such projects.
The commission shall require that all projects funded in whole or part by the housing bank under section 11 minimize disturbances to the local ecology. New construction funded in whole or part by the housing bank shall: be prohibited from using fossil fuels on site except as needed during construction, renovation, repair, temporary use for maintenance, or vehicle use. All new construction funded in whole or in part by the housing bank shall be required to (i) achieve a home energy rating service rating of zero and (ii), to the maximum extent possible, produce no new net nitrogen pollution. New construction on undeveloped properties of more than five acres funded in whole or part by the housing bank shall be required to (i) preserve a minimum of 40 per cent of the property as open space, and (ii) minimize tree removal. The foregoing requirements shall apply to all units in a project receiving housing bank funding including income-restricted, market-rate, and other units. Satisfaction of each of the provisions of this section shall be as determined by the commission.
SECTION 11. Grants, loans, guarantees, lines of credit, interest subsidies, rental assistance, or any other means of funding provided pursuant to section 4(d) shall be made in accordance with this section. The housing bank shall solicit applications for activities and projects within its member towns through a competitive process, which shall include annual public notice of funding availability. Only activities and projects that create, preserve or support perpetual year-round housing, community housing or housing-related infrastructure that serves perpetual year-round housing or community housing, shall be eligible for funding. Eligible activities and projects shall include:
(a)purchase and rehabilitation of existing structures;
(b)construction of rental and ownership housing, including on-site or off-site infrastructure;
(c)purchase of real property interests, including easements;
(d)down payment assistance, grants, and loans including shared appreciation equity loans, on such terms as the commission may determine from time to time;
(e)rental assistance programs;
(f)modernization and capital improvements of existing rental and ownership housing;
(g)creation of apartments and other ancillary housing;
(h)housing counseling, predevelopment costs and technical assistance associated with creating community housing or housing-related infrastructure; and
(i)mixed-use development projects.
In selecting proposals for funding, the commission shall prioritize proposals that: (i) are close to existing services; (ii) are not in priority habitat areas as defined under the Massachusetts Endangered Species Act, or any successor act; and (iii) mitigate the effects of climate change, such as projects which (a) do not involve acquisition of fossil fuel equipment and (b) have a master plan to delineate a path to fossil-fuel free operation and net-zero annual site energy consumption. In considering projects for funding, the commission shall use as guidelines town or regional master plans, wastewater plans, watershed management plans, open space plans, and climate and energy goals.
SECTION 12. Anti-flipping restrictions shall be imposed on all activities and projects receiving housing bank funding pursuant to section 11, any housing units created, rehabilitated or acquired pursuant to this act, and any sale, lease, exchange, transfer or conveyance of real property by the housing bank, and additional restrictions shall be imposed as set forth in this section. Year-round housing restrictions shall be imposed in connection with the extension of loans or grant of down payment assistance. In all other circumstances in which the housing bank provides funding pursuant to section 11, or sells, leases, exchanges, transfers or conveys real property, or housing units are created, rehabilitated or acquired pursuant to this act, the activity or project, the real property, and any such housing units shall be subject to year-round housing restrictions, community housing restrictions, and transfer price restrictions.
Any community housing restriction, year-round housing restriction, transfer price restriction or anti-flipping restriction held by the commission pursuant to this chapter shall be construed as a restriction held by a governmental body with the benefit of section 26 of chapter 184 of the General Laws and shall not be limited in duration by any rule or operation of law, but shall run in perpetuity. Notwithstanding any general or special law to the contrary, any community housing restriction, year-round housing restriction, transfer price restriction or anti-flipping restriction imposed by the commission pursuant to this chapter, whether or not held by the commission, shall be deemed to be an affordable housing restriction within the meaning of section 31 of chapter 184 of the General Laws and shall not be limited in duration by any rule or operation of law, but shall run in perpetuity.
SECTION 13. The commission shall meet its financial obligations by drawing upon a fund, to be set up as a revolving or sinking account within the treasury of the county of Dukes County. Deposits into the fund shall include (a) funds appropriated, borrowed or transferred to be deposited into the fund by vote of the county commissioners of the county of Dukes County or of town meetings of the member towns; (b) voluntary contributions of money and other liquid assets to the fund; (c) revenues from fees imposed upon the transfer or real property interests as set forth in section 15 occurring after the effective date of this act; (d) proceeds from the disposition of personal property, real property interests or other assets of the housing bank; and (e) proceeds of loans made by the housing bank. Grants or gifts of money or other assets to the housing bank shall be expended only for the purposes of the grant or gift and subject to any restrictions or limitations imposed thereon by the grantor or donor thereof, and to all the restrictions, limitations, and guidelines laid out elsewhere in the Act.
All expenses lawfully incurred by the commission in carrying out the provisions of this act shall be evidenced by proper vouchers and shall be paid by the county treasurer of said county only upon submission of warrants duly approved by the commission. The county treasurer of said county shall prudently invest available assets of the fund in accordance with the regulations and procedures adopted by the commission and all income thereon shall accrue to the fund.
SECTION 14. The commission, or its designee, shall keep a full and accurate account of its actions including a record as to when, from or to whom, and on what account money has been paid or received under this act. These records shall be subject to examination by the director of accounts or the director’s agent. There shall be an annual audit conducted by a duly recognized accounting firm and a copy of said audit distributed to the select board of each member town. The Dukes County treasurer shall keep a full and accurate account stating when, from or to whom, and on what account money has been paid or received relative to the activities of the commission and the housing bank.
SECTION 15. There is hereby imposed a fee equal to 2 per cent of the purchase price upon the transfer of any real property interest with respect to any real property located in a member town or towns. Said fee shall be the liability of the purchaser of such real property interest, and any agreement between the purchaser and the seller or any other person with reference to the allocation of the responsibility for bearing said fee shall not affect such liability of the purchaser. Such fee shall be paid to the commission or its designee, and shall be accompanied by a copy of the deed or other instrument evidencing such transfer, if any, and an affidavit signed under oath or under the pains and penalties of perjury by the purchaser or the purchaser’s legal representative, attesting to the true and complete purchase price and the basis, if any, upon which the transfer is claimed to be exempt in whole or in part from the fee imposed hereby. The commission or its designee shall promptly thereafter execute and issue a certificate indicating that the appropriate fee has been paid or that the transfer is exempt from the fee and stating the basis for the exemption. The register of deeds for the county of Dukes County, and the assistant recorder for the registry district of the county of Dukes County, shall not record or register, or receive or accept for recording or registration, any deed, except a mortgage deed, relative to a real property interest in real property situated in any town that is a member of the commission to which has not been affixed such a certificate, executed by the commission or its designee. Failure to comply with this requirement shall not affect the validity of any instrument. The commission or its designee shall deposit all fees received hereunder with the county treasurer of the county of Dukes County as part of the fund established by section 13. The fee imposed hereunder shall be due simultaneously with the time of transfer upon which it is imposed.
SECTION 16. The commission is authorized to enter into one or more agreements with the Martha’s Vineyard land bank commission established by Chapter 736 of the Acts of 1985, as amended, through which the housing bank may delegate to the Martha’s Vineyard land bank commission the record keeping requirements set forth in section 14, collection of fees, processing of applications for exemptions and issuance of certificates and pursuant to section 15, processing of applications for refunds pursuant to section 17, the imposition of interest or penalties pursuant to section 19, sending of notices and conduct of hearings pursuant to section 20, providing for compensation or reimbursement of costs incurred by the Martha’s Vineyard land bank commission from fees collected pursuant to this act and any other matter that may be delegated pursuant to section 4A of chapter 40 of the General Laws. Notwithstanding section 4A of chapter 40 or any general or special law to the contrary, such agreement or agreements may be for a term in excess of 25 years.
SECTION 17. At any time within 7 days following the issuance of the certificate of payment of the fee imposed by section 15, the purchaser or the purchaser’s legal representative may return said certificate to the commission or its designee for cancellation, together with an affidavit signed under oath or under the pains and penalties of perjury that the transfer, with respect to which such certificate was issued, has not been consummated, and thereupon the fee paid with respect to such transfer shall be forthwith returned to the purchaser or the purchaser’s legal representative.
SECTION 18. The following transfers of real property interests shall be exempt from the fee established by section 15. Except as otherwise provided, the purchaser shall have the burden of proof that any transfer is exempt hereunder.
(a)transfers to the government of the United States, the commonwealth, and any of their instrumentalities, agencies or subdivisions;
(b)transfers which, without additional consideration, confirm, correct, modify or supplement a transfer previously made;
(c)transfers made as gifts with consideration of less than $100; in any proceedings to determine the amount of any fee due hereunder, it shall be presumed that any transfer for consideration of less than fair market value of the real property interests transferred was made as a gift without consideration to the extent of the difference between the fair market value of the real property interests transferred and the amount of consideration claimed by the purchaser to have been paid or transferred, if the purchaser shall have been at the time of transfer the spouse, the lineal descendant, the lineal ancestor of the seller, by blood or adoption, and otherwise it shall be presumed that consideration was paid in an amount equal to the fair market value of the real property interests transferred, at the time of transfer;
(d)transfer to the trustees of a trust in exchange for a beneficial interest received by the seller in such trust; distribution by the trustees of a trust to the beneficiaries of such trust;
(e)transfers by operation of law without actual consideration, including but not limited to transfers occurring by virtue of the death or bankruptcy of the owner of a real property interest;
(f)transfers made in partition of the land and improvements thereto, under the provisions of chapter 241 of the General Laws;
(g)transfers to any charitable organization as defined in clause third of section 5 of chapter 59 of the General Laws, or any religious organization, provided that the real property interests so transferred shall be held by the charitable or religious organization solely for its public, charitable or religious purposes;
(h)transfers to a mortgagee in foreclosure of the mortgage held by such mortgagee, and transfers of the property subject to a mortgage to the mortgagee in consideration of the forbearance of the mortgagee from foreclosing said mortgage;
(i)transfers made to a corporation, limited liability company or partnership at the time of its formation, pursuant to which transfer no gain or loss is recognized under the provisions of section 351 of the Internal Revenue Code;
(j)transfers made to a stockholder of a corporation in liquidation of the corporation, transfers to a member in liquidation of a limited liability company, and transfers made to a partner of a partnership in liquidation of the partnership;
(k)transfers consisting of the division of marital assets under the provisions of section 34 of chapter 208 of the General Laws or other provisions of law;
(l)transfers of property consisting in part of real property interests situated within a town that is a member of the commission and in part of other property interests, to the extent that the property transferred consists of property other than real property situated within a town that is a member of the commission provided that the purchaser shall furnish the commission with such information as it shall require or request in support of the claim of exemption and manner of allocation of the consideration for such transfers;
(m)the first $1,000,000 of the purchase price of all transfers of real property interests, or a higher exemption as determined annually by the commission;
(n)transfer of a real property interest that is subject to and used consistent with an affordable housing restriction as defined in section 31 of chapter 184 of the General Laws; provided, however, that the affordable housing restriction has a term remaining at the time of the transfer of not less than 5 years; and provided further, that the purchaser shall make the real property with respect to which the real property interest is held and that is the subject of the transfer, the purchaser’s actual domicile within 2 years of the time of transfer and shall remain permanently or for an indefinite time and without any certain purpose to return to a former place of abode for a period lasting not less than the fifth anniversary of the transfer. Notwithstanding this paragraph, if the real property interest is transferred again within 5 years and the later transfer complies with this paragraph, the fee, interest and penalty shall not be due. The fee exempted hereunder shall become due, together with the accumulated interest and penalties calculated from the date of the transfer exempted hereunder, if: (i) the commission or its designee determines that a purchaser has not made the real property with respect to which the real property interest is held and that is the subject of the transfer the purchaser’s actual domicile within 2 years of the time of transfer; (ii) the holder of an affordable housing restriction determines within 5 years of the transfer that the real property interest to which it pertains is not being used consistent with the requirements of the affordable housing restriction; or (iii) a later transfer within 5 years does not comply with this paragraph. The purchaser shall certify as to the foregoing and the commission shall attach to the deed a certificate that shall recite the fact that there is running with the land a lien equal to the amount of the fee exempted plus accumulated interest and penalties until such time as all conditions of this paragraph have been met.
(o)transfer of a real property interest which is limited to any of the following: the dominant estate in any easement or right of way; the right to enforce any restriction; any estate at will or at sufferance; any estate for years having a term of less than thirty years; any reversionary right, condition, or right of entry for condition broken; and the interest of a mortgagee or other secured party in any mortgage or security agreement.
SECTION 19. A purchaser who fails to pay all or any portion of the fee established by section 15 on or before the time when the same is due shall be liable for the following additional payments in addition to said fee:
(a) Interest. The purchaser shall pay interest on the unpaid amount of the fee to be calculated from the time of transfer at a rate equal to 14 per cent per annum.
(b) Penalties. Any person who, without fraud or willful intent to defeat or evade a fee imposed by this act, fails to pay all or a portion of the fee within 30 days after the time of transfer, shall pay a penalty equal to 5 per cent of the outstanding fee as determined by the commission for each month or portion thereof that the fee is not paid in full; provided, however, that in no event shall the amount of any penalty imposed hereunder exceed 25 per cent of the unpaid fee due at the time of transfer. Whenever the commission or its designee determines that all or a portion of a fee due under section 15 was unpaid due to fraud with intent to defeat or evade the fee imposed by this chapter, a penalty equal to the amount of said fee as determined by the commission or its designee shall be paid by the purchaser in addition to said fee.
SECTION 20.(a) The commission or its designee shall notify a purchaser by registered or certified mail of any failure to discharge in full the amount of the fee due under this act and any penalty or interest assessed pursuant to sections 18 or 19. The commission or its designee shall grant a hearing on the matter of the imposition of said fee, interest or penalty if a petition requesting such hearing is received by the commission within 30 days after the mailing of said notice. The commission or its designee shall notify the purchaser in writing by registered or certified mail of its determination concerning the deficiency, penalty or interest within 15 days after said hearing. Any party aggrieved by a determination of the commission or its designee concerning a deficiency, penalty or interest may, after payment of said deficiency, appeal to the district or superior court within 3 months after the mailing of notification of the commission or its designee. Upon the failure to timely petition for a hearing, or appeal to said courts, within the time limits hereby established, the purchaser shall be bound by the terms of the notification, assessment or determination, as the case may be, and shall be barred from contesting the fee, and any interest and penalty, as determined by the commission or its designee. All decisions of said courts shall be appealable. Every notice to be given under this section by the commission or its designee shall be effective if mailed by certified or registered mail to the purchaser at the address stated in a recorded or registered instrument by virtue of which the purchaser holds any real property interest, the transfer of which gives rise to the fee which is the subject of such notice; and if no such address is stated or if such transfer is not evidenced by an instrument recorded or registered in the public records in the county of Dukes County, such notice shall be effective when so mailed to the purchaser in care of any person appearing of record to have a fee interest in the real property in which the real property interest is held, at the address of such person as set forth in an instrument recorded or registered in the county of Dukes County.
(b) All fees, penalties and interest required to be paid pursuant to this act shall constitute a personal debt of the purchaser and may be recovered in an action of contract or in any other appropriate action, suit or proceeding brought by the commission; said action, suit or proceeding shall be subject to chapter 260 of the General Laws.
(c) If any purchaser liable to pay the fee established by this act neglects or refuses to pay the same, the amount, including any interest and penalty thereon, shall be a lien in favor of the commission upon all property and rights to property, whether real or personal, belonging to such purchaser. Said lien shall arise at the time of transfer and shall continue until the liability for such amount is satisfied. Said lien shall in any event terminate not later than 6 years following the time of transfer. Said lien shall not be valid as against any mortgagee, pledgee, purchaser or judgment creditor unless notice thereof has been filed by the commission (i) with respect to real property or fixtures, in the registry of deeds for the county of Dukes County, or (ii) with respect to personal property, in the office in which a security of financing statement or notice with respect to the property would be filed in order to perfect a nonpossessory security interest belonging to the person named in the relevant notice, subject to the same limitations as set forth in section 50 of chapter 62C of the General Laws.
In any case where there has been a refusal or neglect to pay any fee, interest or penalties imposed by this act, whether or not levy has been made, the commission, in addition to other modes of relief, may direct a civil action to be filed in a district or superior court of the commonwealth to enforce the lien of the commission under this section with respect to such liability or to subject any property of whatever nature of the delinquent, or in which he has any right, title or interest, to the payment of such liability.
The commission may issue a waiver or release of any lien imposed by this section with the approval of the town advisory board of the town or towns in which the property subject to the lien is located. Such waiver or release shall be conclusive evidence that the lien upon the property covered by the waiver or release is extinguished.
SECTION 21. This act, being necessary for the welfare of the member towns and the county of Dukes County and their inhabitants, shall be liberally construed to effect the purposes hereof.
SECTION 22. Any town on Martha’s Vineyard that is not a member of the housing bank may become a member by the affirmative vote of a majority of the voters at any regular or special town election at which the question of acceptance has been placed on the ballot. All rights, privileges and obligations applicable to the original members of the housing bank shall be applicable to new members, but a new member town shall not be responsible for funding obligations or debt incurred before it became a member. The initial town-representative commission member of a new member town shall be appointed, and thereafter the town-representative members for such town shall thereafter be elected, as provided in section 3; provided that the initial term of the initial elected town representative member shall be for such period as may be determined by the commission in order to preserve staggered terms as required by section 3.
SECTION 23. Any member town may withdraw from the housing bank by the affirmative vote of a majority of the voters at any regular or special town election. The fee established by section 15 shall continue to be collected in any town that votes to withdraw, but only until satisfaction of such town’s pro rata share of all housing bank debt incurred and all funding commitments approved by the town’s town advisory board prior to the date that such town provides notice to the commission that the town has voted at a regular or special election to withdraw from the housing bank. A town’s pro rata share of housing bank debt shall be determined as the ratio of all fees collected on behalf of such town under section 15 during its membership in the housing bank to all fees collected under section 15 on behalf of all member towns during the same period. Upon receipt of notice that a member town has voted at a regular or special election to withdraw from the housing bank, the commission or its designee shall reserve all transfer fees received on behalf of such withdrawing town, in excess of the amounts necessary to pay current debt service on such town’s pro rata share of housing bank debt and to pay funding commitments approved by such town’s town advisory board prior to receipt of such, which amounts shall be applied solely to the payment of such funding commitments, and to housing bank debt allocable to the withdrawing town at its earliest optional redemption date or dates, as the case may be.
In the event of a town’s withdrawal, the commission may expend funds for activities and projects located within the withdrawing town only to the extent that such expenditures were approved prior to the date that such town provides notice to the commission that the town has voted at a regular or special election to withdraw from the housing bank, and provided that transfer fees continue to be collected in that town.
SECTION 24. This act shall expire 30 years from its date of passage unless specifically extended by vote of the commission and an affirmative vote of a majority of the voters at town meetings of at least 4 member towns; provided that, if extended, this act shall remain in effect only for those towns that vote in the affirmative to extend. The fee established by section 15 shall continue to be collected in any town that does not vote to extend this act until satisfaction of both all funding commitments approved by the withdrawing town’s town advisory board and debt incurred by the housing bank prior to (1) the effective date of the extension of the this act if this act is extended notwithstanding the town’s vote, and (2) the expiration of this act, if this act is allowed to expire.
If the member towns of the housing bank are reduced to fewer than 4, the housing bank shall be dissolved. Upon dissolution of the housing bank, the fee established by section 15 shall continue to be imposed until all funding commitments and debt, including but not limited to repayment of bonds and notes of the housing bank, have been paid in full, and the commission shall continue in existence during such time for the sole purpose of collecting and administering such fees. Title to all funds, personal property and real property interests shall vest in the member towns or their designees as herein provided after provision is made for payment of all bonds, notes and other obligations of the housing bank. Personal property and real property interests held by the housing bank at the time of dissolution shall be transferred to the town or towns in which property is situated, or the designee of such town or towns, who shall maintain, protect, limit the future use of, improve, or otherwise preserve such property for year-round housing and community housing purposes as defined in section 1. Funds held by the housing bank shall be transferred to the towns on Martha’s Vineyard in proportion to the fees collected on behalf of each town over the life of the housing bank under this act, to be held in trust for the purpose of holding and managing the real property interests transferred to the towns pursuant to this paragraph.
SECTION 25. Acceptance of this act shall be by the affirmative vote of a majority of the voters at any regular or special town election at which the question of acceptance has been placed on the ballot. This act shall become effective on the date on which acceptance by four towns located on Martha’s Vineyard has been effected.
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