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SENATE DOCKET, NO. 655         FILED ON: 1/17/2013

SENATE  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  No. 1115

 

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts

_________________

PRESENTED BY:

Harriette L. Chandler

_______________

To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General
              Court assembled:

              The undersigned legislators and/or citizens respectfully petition for the adoption of the accompanying bill:

An Act to improve the collection and analysis of data relative to traffic stops and to establish a primary safety belt law.

_______________

PETITION OF:

 

Name:

District/Address:

Harriette L. Chandler

First Worcester

Cheryl A. Coakley-Rivera

10th Hampden

Patricia D. Jehlen

Second Middlesex

Jason Lewis

 

Katherine M. Clark

Fifth Middlesex

Gale D. Candaras

First Hampden and Hampshire

Benjamin Swan

11th Hampden

Christine E. Canavan

10th Plymouth

Denise Provost

27th Middlesex

Ellen Story

3rd Hampshire

David Paul Linsky

5th Middlesex

James T. Welch

Hampden

Kay Khan

11th Middlesex

William N. Brownsberger

Second Suffolk and Middlesex

Timothy J. Toomey, Jr.

26th Middlesex

Kevin G. Honan

17th Suffolk

Alice Hanlon Peisch

14th Norfolk

Mark J. Cusack

5th Norfolk


SENATE DOCKET, NO. 655        FILED ON: 1/17/2013

SENATE  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  No. 1115

By Ms. Chandler, a petition (accompanied by bill, Senate, No. 1115) of Harriette L. Chandler, Cheryl A. Coakley-Rivera, Patricia D. Jehlen, Jason M. Lewis and other members of the General Court for legislation to improve the collection and analysis of data relative to traffic stops and to establish a primary safety belt law.  Public Safety and Homeland Security. 


The Commonwealth of Massachusetts
 

_______________

In the Year Two Thousand Thirteen

_______________

 

An Act to improve the collection and analysis of data relative to traffic stops and to establish a primary safety belt law.
 

              Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:
 

              SECTION 1. Chapter 90C is hereby amended by inserting after Section 6 the following new section:

              Section 6A. (a) No state, municipal, college or university law enforcement officer or law enforcement agency shall engage in racial profiling.

              As used in this section, “racial profiling” means the use by a state, municipal, college or university law enforcement officer or state, municipal, college or university police department of race, ethnicity, or national origin to any degree in deciding who should be subject to traffic stops, pedestrian stops, frisks and other types of bodily searches, interviews, and searches and seizures of motorists, passengers, and motor vehicles, except when such characteristics are used in combination with other identifying factors in seeking to apprehend a specific suspect whose racial, ethnic or national origin status is part of the description of the suspect, which description is particularized, timely and reliable.

              (b) Whenever a motorist is stopped by any state, municipal, college or university law enforcement officer, the officer shall record the following data:

              (1) the race, ethnicity, and gender of the motorist;

              (2) the reason for the traffic stop;

              (3) the location and time of the traffic stop;

              (4) whether a search was initiated as a result of the stop, and whether the search was conducted with consent;

              (5) whether contraband was found or any materials were seized during a search;

              (6) whether the stop resulted in a warning, citation or arrest;

              (7) the name and badge number of the officer initiating the stop.

              The state police department and each municipal, college and university police department shall review each officer’s stop and search documentation on at least a quarterly basis to ensure compliance with this subsection.

              (c) Any electronic systems developed for state, municipal, college, or university police departments to issue motor vehicle citations, or to gather, record, report, and study information concerning motor vehicle accidents, violations, traffic stops, or citations, shall be designed in a manner that facilitates the collection of the data described in subsection (b) of this section and the automatic transmission of said data to the Registry of Motor Vehicles and the Executive Office of Public Safety and Security.  The Executive Office of Public Safety and Security shall obtain the participation of the Traffic Data Review Committee in the development and implementation of such electronic systems, and in the development of a uniform protocol for law enforcement officers on how to use such electronic systems to record the data described in subsection (b). 

              Upon the adoption of such an electronic system by any state, municipal, college, or university police department, said department shall record the data set forth in subsection (b) for all traffic stops and shall, no less frequently than once a month, transmit said data by electronic means to the Registry of Motor Vehicles and the Executive Office of Public Safety and Security.

              (d) The Registry of Motor Vehicles shall maintain all data described in subsection (b) in an electronically accessible database and shall issue to the Secretary of Public Safety and Security and to the Attorney General a semi-annual summary report of said data.  The report shall include, for each police department, statistical data setting out, in a month-by-month format, the number of traffic stops made, the number of citations issued, the number of searches conducted, the race of the drivers stopped, and the race of the drivers searched.  The Registry of Motor Vehicles shall also issue to the state police department and each municipal, college and university police department subject to this section a semi-annual summary report of the data collected within each department’s jurisdiction.  Each report shall include, for each month, statistical data setting out the number of traffic stops made, the number of searches conducted, the race of the drivers stopped, and the race of the drivers searched.  The semi-annual reports required by this subsection shall be submitted no later than April 1 and September 1 and each report shall include data collected during the preceding half of the fiscal year, regardless of whether complete data is available for that period. No information revealing the identity of any individual shall be contained in the reports.  The reports submitted pursuant to this subsection shall be public records.

              The heads of the state police department and each municipal, college and university police department subject to this section, or his/her designee, shall review the underlying data and summary reports collected and compiled pursuant to this section on a regular basis in an effort to determine whether any racial disparities in the department’s traffic stops exist, and to appropriately respond to any such disparities.

              (e) Any individual charged with a criminal offense based on evidence or statements obtained as the result of a motor vehicle stop shall have the right to obtain data collected pursuant to this section concerning any officer who participated in the stop or the search that resulted in the seizure of evidence, from the Registry of Motor Vehicles, the Executive Office of Public Safety and Security, and from the police department or the department of the officer(s) involved in the traffic stop or search; provided that information revealing the name, street address, date of birth, and driver’s license number of individuals involved in motor vehicle stops who are not law enforcement officers or their agents shall not be disclosed; and provided further that information revealing the home address, date of birth, personal telephone number or any personal identifying information other than the name, badge number, and department of a law enforcement officer shall not be disclosed.  Requests for such data may specify a single or multiple incidents, dates, locations or any other combination of data collected pursuant to subsection (B).

              (f) The attorney general may bring a civil action in the superior court for injunctive or other appropriate equitable relief to enforce the provisions of this section.  A person claiming to be aggrieved by a violation of this section may not institute an individual action for damages or other relief under this section, but nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to limit any other rights or remedies, including, but not limited to, a civil action for a violation of constitutional rights under section 11I of chapter 12 of the General Laws or 42 U.S.C. section 1983 or motions for suppression or dismissal or other relief in a criminal case. 

              The attorney general shall issue an annual summary report of the complaints received concerning the enforcement of the provisions of this section and the actions taken with respect to such complaints.  The report shall be submitted to the House of Representatives and Senate not more than 90 days after the end of each fiscal year, including the first fiscal year-end following the effective date of this act, regardless of whether data based on a full fiscal year is available. No information revealing the identity of any individual shall be contained in the report.  The reports submitted pursuant to this subsection shall be public records.

              SECTION 2. Section 13A of chapter 90 of the General Laws, as appearing in the 2010 Official Edition, is hereby amended by striking the second paragraph and inserting in place thereof the following paragraph:-

              Any person who operates a motor vehicle without a safety belt, and any person 16 years of age or over who rides as a passenger in a motor vehicle without wearing a safety belt in violation of this section, shall be subject to a fine of 50 dollars. Any operator of a motor vehicle shall be subject to an additional fine of 50 dollars for each person under the age of 16 and no younger than 12 who is a passenger in said motor vehicle and not wearing a safety belt. The provisions of this section shall be enforced by law enforcement agencies when an operator of a motor vehicle or passenger who rides in the motor vehicle is not wearing a safety belt in violation of motor vehicle laws. Safety belt violations will not result in surcharges on motor vehicle insurance premiums and a police officer may not search or inspect a motor vehicle, its contents, the driver, or a passenger solely because of a violation of this section.

              SECTION 3. Subsection (b) of Section 6A of Chapter 90C shall take effect 12 months from the effective date of this act, at which time Chapter 228 of the Acts of 2000 shall be repealed. 

              Subsection (d) of said Section 6A shall take effect at such time as the Executive Office of Public Safety and Security makes available to law enforcement agencies an electronic system described in subsection (c).

              SECTION 4. Section 2 of this act shall take effect 12 months after Subsection (b) of Section 6A of Chapter 90C takes effect.

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