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SENATE DOCKET, NO. 1271         FILED ON: 1/18/2013

SENATE  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  No. 1124

 

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts

_________________

PRESENTED BY:

Cynthia S. Creem

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To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General
              Court assembled:

              The undersigned legislators and/or citizens respectfully petition for the adoption of the accompanying bill:

An Act improving juvenile justice data collection.

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PETITION OF:

 

Name:

District/Address:

Cynthia S. Creem

First Middlesex and Norfolk

Jason Lewis

 


SENATE DOCKET, NO. 1271        FILED ON: 1/18/2013

SENATE  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  No. 1124

By Ms. Creem, a petition (accompanied by bill, Senate, No. 1124) of Cynthia S. Creem and Jason M. Lewis for legislation to improve data collection in the juvenile justice system.  Public Safety and Homeland Security. 

 

[SIMILAR MATTER FILED IN PREVIOUS SESSION
SEE SENATE, NO. 1198 OF 2011-2012.]


The Commonwealth of Massachusetts
 

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In the Year Two Thousand Thirteen

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An Act improving juvenile justice data collection.
 

              Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:
 

                              SECTION 1. The purpose of this provision is to ensure that the Commonwealth establishes systems to collect accurate, consistent, and comprehensive data on juveniles’ contacts with officials in the law enforcement and juvenile justice systems in order to improve comprehensive state planning as required by Title 42 of the United States Code, section 5633.

                              SECTION 2. Definitions.

                              As used in this act, -               

                              "contact" means any action or practice by law enforcement personnel or by any other official of the commonwealth or private service provider under contract or other agreement with the commonwealth, in dealing with a juvenile at any stage of the juvenile justice system including, but not limited to, the points of contact listed below in sections 4(a) –(i). 

                              “juvenile” means a youth between the age of seven and seventeen and up to the age of 21 if the individual remains within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court or juvenile justice system, and children aged fourteen to seventeen who are charged with first or second degree murder pursuant to M.G.L.A. 119 § 74;

                              “alternative lock-up program” means a facility and/or program that provides for the physical care and custody of a youth being held by the police after an arrest and before an arraignment, and includes programs provided by the police, municipal, county or state government, as well as any contractor, vendor or service-provider working with such government entities.

                              “racial/ethnic category” means the socio-cultural racial and ethnic category of an individual as categorized in a manner that is consistent with the categories established and utilized by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

                              “type of crime” means category of crime into which the alleged or proven offense a youth has committed falls as categorized in a manner that is consistent with the categories established and utilized by the National Incident-Based Reporting System.

                              SECTION 3. The Child Advocate shall create and update as may be appropriate an instrument to record statistical data at each point of contact identified in sections 4(a)-(i).  This instrument shall, at minimum, include age, gender, race/ethnicity category, and type of crime.  The child advocate shall give due regard to the census of juveniles when setting forth the race/ethnicity categories in the instrument.  The Child Advocate shall consider providing guidance about the manner in which the race/ethnicity information is designated and collected, with consideration of the juveniles’ self-reporting of such categories.  All Offices and Departments subject to this law shall use this instrument to record contacts.

                              SECTION 4.  (a)    The department of state police, municipal police departments, Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority police, any school-based police from a local education authority, and any contractor, vendor or service-provider working with such police including any alternative lock-up programs, shall collect the necessary information to complete the instrument identified in Section 3 for each juvenile subjected to the following contacts for each fiscal year

                                              (1) referral to and/or use of diversion programming;

                                              (2) arrest; and

                                              (3) pre-arraignment detention;

                              (b) Clerk magistrates shall collect the necessary information to complete the instrument identified in Section 3 for each juvenile subjected to the following contacts for each fiscal year

                                              (1) criminal complaint filed

                                              (2) finding of probable cause;

                                              (3) complaint issued;

                                              (4) appeal to judge of the finding by the clerk magistrate; and

                                              (5) complaint issued after appeal.

                              (c) The district attorneys shall collect the necessary information to complete the instrument identified in Section 3 for each juvenile subjected to the following contacts for each fiscal year

                                              (1) referral to and/or use of diversion programming;

                                              (2) indictment as a youthful offender;

                                              (3) dismissal of indictment/dismissal of indictment in exchange for other action; and

                                              (4) prosecution in criminal court under M.G.L.A. ch. 119 § 74.

                              (d) The juvenile court department shall collect the necessary information to complete the instrument identified in Section 3 for each juvenile subjected to the following contacts for each fiscal year

                                              (1) arraignment as a delinquent

                                              (2) arraignment as a youthful offender;

                                              (3) referral to and/or use of diversion programming;

                                              (3) pre-trial probation pursuant to M.G.L.A  ch. 276 § 87;

                                              (4) cases which are continued without a finding, M.G.L.A. ch. 278 § 18 and M.G.L.A. ch. 119 §58 ; 

                                              (5) adjudication as a delinquent;

                                              (6) adjudication as a youthful offender; 

                                              (7) sentence to probation;

                                              (8) commitment to the department of youth services pursuant to M.G.L.A. ch. 119 § 58;

                                              (9) commitment to the department of youth services pursuant to M.G.L.A. ch. 279 s. 2 that are suspended;

                                              (10) extension of  commitments to the department of youth services pursuant to M.G.L.A. ch. 120 § §17,18 by consent or order; 

                                              (11) juvenile brought before the court on criminal and non-criminal violations of probation; and

                                              (12) commitments to department of youth services following probation violation.

                              (e) The office of the commissioner of probation shall collect the necessary information to complete the instrument identified in Section 3 for each juvenile subjected to the following contacts for each fiscal year

                                              (1) referral to and/or use of diversion programming;

                                              (2) supervision of pre-trial probation;

                                              (3) supervision of continuances without a finding;  and

                                              (4) supervision of youth on probation;

                              (f)  The department of youth services and any contractor, vendor or service provider working with said department including alternative lock-up programs shall collect the necessary information to complete the instrument identified in Section 3 for each juvenile subjected to the following contacts for each fiscal year

                                              (1) pre-trial detention;

                                              (2) commitment;

                                              (3) level of care including, but not limited to,

                                                              a. “hardware,” secure;

                                                              b. staff secure;

                                                              c. residential; and

                                                              d. community placement;

                                              (4) notice of revocation of grants of conditional liberty;

                                              (5) hearing on grants of conditional liberty;

                                              (6) youth placed in secure for violation of conditions of liberty;

                                              (7) extensions of commitments pursuant to M.G.L.A. ch. 120 § §17,18 sought by the department of youth services; and

                                              (8) extensions pursuant to M.G.L.A. ch. 120 § §17,18 by consent or order.

                              (g) The superior court shall collect the necessary information to complete the instrument identified in Section 3 for each juvenile subjected to the following contacts for each fiscal year

                                              (1) arraignment for murder in the first degree and murder in the second degree; and

                              (2) convictions.

                              (h)  The department of correction and each sheriff’s department shall collect the necessary information to complete the instrument identified in Section 3 for each juvenile subjected to the following contacts for each fiscal year

                                            (1) prearraignment detention;

                                              (2) pretrial detention;

                                              (3) post-disposition confinement of youthful offenders; and

                                              (4) post-conviction confinement for Murder.

                              (i) The parole board shall collect the necessary information to complete the instrument identified in Section 3 for each juvenile subjected to the following contacts for each fiscal year

                                              (1) grant of parole;

                                              (2) supervision of parole; and

                                              (3) revocation of parole.

                              SECTION 5.  (a)  The Executive Office of Public Safety and Security shall be responsible for assembling the data collected by the below offices and departments on an annual basis.  The collected data for each fiscal year shall be published on the Executive Office of Public Safety and Security Website, filed with the clerks of the Massachusetts House and Senate and provided to the Office of the Child Advocate no later than 90 days after the end of that fiscal year. The first such report shall be submitted by January 2, 2012.

                              a. The Commissioner of the Department of Correction

                              b.  Sheriffs of each County;

                              c.  The Parole Board;

                              d. The Department of the State Police;

                              e. Municipal police departments;

                              f. The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Police;

                              g. School based police from any local education authority;

                              h. Alternative Lock-up Programs; and

                                              i. any other contractor, vendor or service provider working with school based or other police officers.

                              (b) The Attorney General shall be responsible of assembling data collected by District Attorney’s Offices on an annual basis.  The collected data for each fiscal year shall be published on the Attorney General’s website, filed with the clerks of the Massachusetts House and Senate and provided to the Office of the Child Advocate no later than 90 days after the end of that fiscal year. The first such report shall be submitted by January 2, 2012.

                              (c)  The Chief Justice for Administration and Management shall be responsible for assembling data collected by judicial officers and court personnel including the Commissioner of Probation, judicial officers and court personnel, and the Executive Director of Community Correction.  The data shall be collected on an annual basis.  The collected data for each fiscal year shall be published on the Supreme Judicial Court’s website, filed with the clerks of the Massachusetts House and Senate and provided to the Office of the Child Advocate no later than 90 days after the end of that fiscal year. The first such report shall be submitted by January 2, 2012.

                              (d) The Executive Office for Human Services shall be responsible for assembling data collect by the Commissioner of the Department of Youth Services and all department personnel, contractors or vendors working with the Department.  The data shall be collected on an annual basis.  The collected data for each fiscal year shall be published on the Office’s website, filed with the clerks of the Massachusetts House and Senate and provided to the Office of the Child Advocate no later than 90 days after the end of that fiscal year. The first such report shall be submitted by January 2, 2012.

                              SECTION 6. Any individual data described or acquired under the provisions of this chapter shall be used only for statistical purposes and may not be disseminated if it contains data that reveal the identity of an individual who had contact with the juvenile justice system within the meaning of this chapter.

                              SECTION 7.  The annual Juvenile Justice Contact Data Reports from the Executive Offices of Public Safety and Security, Attorney General, Chief Justice for Administration and Management and Executive of Office of Human Services shall be public records.

The information contained in this website is for general information purposes only. The General Court provides this information as a public service and while we endeavor to keep the data accurate and current to the best of our ability, we make no representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, about the completeness, accuracy, reliability, suitability or availability with respect to the website or the information contained on the website for any purpose. Any reliance you place on such information is therefore strictly at your own risk.

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