HOUSE DOCKET, NO. 1815 FILED ON: 1/20/2011
HOUSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . No. 1192
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts
To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General
The undersigned legislators and/or citizens respectfully petition for the adoption of the accompanying bill:
An Act BANK OF MASSACHUSETTS.
HOUSE DOCKET, NO. 1815 FILED ON: 1/20/2011
HOUSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . No. 1192
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts
In the Year Two Thousand Eleven
An Act BANK OF MASSACHUSETTS.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:
An Act Declaring the Purpose of the State of Massachusetts to Engage in the Banking Business and Establish a System of Banking Under the Name of the Bank of Massachusetts, Operated by the State of Massachusetts, Defining the Scope and Manner of its Operation, and the Powers and Duties of the Persons Charged with its Management; Making an Appropriation, and, Providing Penalties for the Violations of Certain Provisions Thereof.
Be it Enacted by the Legislative Assembly of the State of Massachusetts:
Massachusetts General Laws is hereby amended by inserting 167I after section 167H the following:
Sec. 1. For the purpose of encouraging and promoting agriculture, commerce and industry, the State of Massachusetts shall engage in the business of banking, and for that purpose shall and does hereby, establish a system of banking owned, controlled and operated by it, under the name of the Bank of Massachusetts.
Sec. 2. The Public-Banking Commission shall operate, manage and control the Bank of Massachusetts, locate and maintain its places of business of which the principal places shall be within the state. And make and enforce orders, rules regulations and by-laws for the transaction of business. The business of the Bank, in addition to other matters herein specified, may include anything that any bank may lawfully do, except as herein restricted; but this provision shall not be held in any way to limit or qualify either the powers of the Public-Banking Commission herein granted, or the functions of said Bank herein defined. The Public-Banking Commission shall meet twenty days after the passage and approval of this Act to begin the organization of the Bank of Massachusetts.
Sec. 3. To accomplish the purposes of this Act, the Public-Banking Commission shall acquire by purchase, lease, or by exercise of the right of public domain, all requisite property and property rights, and may construct, remodel and repair buildings; but it shall not invest more than ten percent of the capital of the bank in furniture, fixtures, lands and buildings for office purposes.
Sec. 4. The Public-Banking Commission shall obtain such assistance as in its judgment may be necessary for the establishment, maintenance and operation of the Bank of Massachusetts. To that end it shall appoint a manager, and may appoint such subordinate officers and employees as it may judge expedient. It may constitute such Manager its general agent, in respect to the functions of said Bank, but subject, nevertheless, in such agency, to the supervision, limitation and control of the commission. It shall employ such contractors, architects, builders, attorneys, cashiers, tellers, clerks, accountants, computer technicians and other experts, agents, and service providers as in the judgment of the Commission. The interests of the state may require, and shall define the duties, designate the titles, and fix the compensation and bonds of all such persons so engaged; provided, however, that subject to the control and regulation of the Commission, the Manager of the Bank shall appoint, and employ such duties, cashiers, tellers, and other subordinates, and such contractors, architects, builders, attorneys, clerks, accountants, computer technicians and other experts, agents and servants, as he shall in his judgment, deem are required by the interests of the Bank. The total compensation of such appointees and employees, together with other expenditures for the operation and maintenance of the Bank, shall remain with the appropriation and earnings lawfully available in each year for such purpose. All officers and employees of the Bank engaged upon its financial functions shall, before entering upon their duties, respectively furnish good and sufficient bonds to the state in such amount and upon such conditions as the commission may require and approve; but the bond of the Manager shall not be less than one million dollars. Such bond shall be filled with the Secretary of the State.
Sec. 5. The Public-Banking Commission may remove and discharge any and all persons appointed in the exercise of the powers granted by this Act, whether by the Commission or by the manager of the Bank, and any such removal may be made whenever in the judgment of the Commission the public interests require it; provided, however, that all appointments and removals contemplated by this Act shall be so made as the Commission shall deem most fit to promote the efficiency of the public service.
Sec. 6. The Bank shall be opened and shall proceed to transact business whenever there shall be delivered to the Public-Banking Commission bonds in the sum of one billion dollars issued by the state as maybe provided by law for such purpose. The transaction of these bonds is hereby designated and shall be known as the capital of the said Bank.
Sec. 7. All state, county, township, municipal and school district funds, and funds or all penal, educational, and industrial institutions and all other public funds shall be, by the person having control of such funds, deposited in the Bank of Massachusetts within three months from the passage and approval of this Act, subject to disbursement for public purposed on check drawn by the proper officials in the manner now or hereafter to be provided by law; provided, however, that on a proper showing made by any official having control of public funds, the Public-Banking Commission may permit a postponement of the deposit of such funds or any part thereof in the Bank of Massachusetts, the period of such postponement not to exceed six months. And provided, further, that if any such funds are now loaned by authority of law under contract terminating at a future time, the deposit of such funds in the Bank of Massachusetts shall not be required until two months after time of expiration of such contract. Any person who shall violate any of provisions of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by imprisonment in a county jail for not less than ninety days, and by a fine not less than one hundred thousand dollars.
Sec. 8. Whenever, any of the public funds hereinbefore designated shall be deposited in the Bank of Massachusetts, as hereinbefore provided, the official having control thereof, and the sureties on the bond of every such official, shall be exempt from all liability by reason of loss of any such deposited funds while so deposited.
Sec. 9. The Bank of Massachusetts may receive deposits from any source, including the United States Government and any foreign or domestic individual, corporation, association, Municipality, bank or government. Including reasonable fees from the transactions occurring within Massachusetts from the buying and selling of goods and services with a credit card issued by the Bank of Massachusetts. Funds may be deposited to the credit of the Bank of Massachusetts in any bank or agency, approved by the Public-Banking Commission.
Sec. 10. All deposits in the Bank of Massachusetts are hereby guaranteed by the State. Such deposits shall be exempt from State, Country and Municipal taxes of any and all kinds.
Sec. 11. Funds deposited by State Banks in the Bank of Massachusetts shall be deemed “available funds.” For banks that make the Bank of Massachusetts a reserve depository, it may perform the functions and render the service of a clearinghouse, including all facilities for providing domestic and foreign exchange, and may re-discount paper, on such terms as the Public-Banking Commission shall provide.
Sec. 12. The Public-Banking Commission, unless otherwise limited by law, shall from time to time fix the rates of interest allowed and received in transactions of the Bank. Such rates shall be as nearly uniform and constant as practicable, and shall not be fixed or changed to work any discrimination against or in favor of any person or corporation. But in respect to time deposits received by the Bank, transactions may be reasonably classified as to the amounts and duration of time involved, and a reasonable differentiation of interest based on such classification may be allowed. When interest is allowed on any deposits it shall not be less than one or more than six percent. The Public-Banking Commission shall also fix reasonable charges, without unjust discrimination, for any and all services rendered by the Bank.
Sec. 13. All checks and other instruments and items of exchange payable on demand, sent by the Bank of Massachusetts to any State Bank or banking association in Massachusetts, for collection, shall be by such State bank or banking association remitted for at par to the Bank of Massachusetts. Any person or corporation who shall violate any of the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
Sec. 14. The Bank of Massachusetts may deposit funds in any such bank or banking association within or without the state upon such terms and conditions as the Public-Banking Commission shall determine.
Sec. 15. The Bank of Massachusetts may transfer funds to other departments, institutions, utilities, industries, enterprises or business projects of the state, which shall be returned with interest to the Bank. It may make loans to countries, cities, or political subdivisions of the stare, or to state or national banks on such terms, and under such rules as the Public-Banking Commission may determine; but it shall not make loans or give its credit to any individual, association or private corporation, except that it may make loans to any individual, association or private corporation, secured by duly recorded first mortgages on real estate in the State of Massachusetts in amounts not to exceed one-half the value of the security, or secured by warehouse receipts issued by the Public-Banking Commission or by any licensed warehouse within the state, in amounts not to exceed ninety per cent of the value of the commodities evidenced thereby. It shall not, however, loan on real estate security more than thirty percent of its capital, nor in addition thereto, more than twenty percent of its deposits. Additional funds, that may be required for such real estate loans shall be procured from the sale of state bonds as may be provided by law.
Sec. 16. The Public-Banking Commission shall prescribe the forms of application for a mortgage loan on real estate, and shall provide for appraisal of the proposed security.
Sec. 17. Every such mortgage shall contain an agreement providing for the re-payment of the loan on an amortization plan by mean of a fixed number of annual installment sufficient to cover, first, a charge on the loan, at a rate not exceeding the interest rate in the last series of real estate loan bonds issued, if any, by the State of Massachusetts; second, a charge for administration and surplus, at a rate not exceeding one per cent, per annum on the unpaid principal, said two rates combined constituting the interest rate on the mortgage; and, third, such amounts to be applied on the principal as will extinguish the debt in not less than ten or more than thirty years; provided however, that advanced payment of one of more annual installments, for the reduction of the principle, or the payment of the entire principal, may be made at any regular installment date; and, provided further, that in case of a crop failure which reduces the mortgagor’s reasonable crop income by one-half, all payments under said mortgage may, in the discretion of the Public-Banking Commission, be extended for one year, upon condition that on the payment all the installments, such further annual payment shall be made as will pay the interest, with interest thereon, for the years for which no payment were made. The Public-Banking Commission shall determine whether a mortgagor is entitled to an extension of the payment of any installment, under the provisions of this section.
Sec. 18. Every such mortgage, and the note or other obligation thereby secured, shall run to the “Manager of the Bank of Massachusetts, his successors in office or his assigns,” as payee and mortgagee, and shall contain a recital that it is executed and delivered in conformity with and upon the conditions expressed in this Act, designated by its title and the date of its approval. After having been duly recorded in each county in which the lands therein described are situated, every such mortgage shall be delivered to the Manager of the said Bank and together with said note or other obligation shall be held by the Manager as a part of the assets of the bank, or shall be otherwise disposed of, as hereafter provided. If so held, payments upon the note or other obligation secured by said mortgage shall be made to the Bank of Massachusetts, and whenever it shall have been fully paid, the Manager shall promptly satisfy and discharge the mortgage lien of record and deliver the mortgage cancelled, with a satisfaction thereof, to the person entitled to receive it.
Sec. 19. Every such mortgage, together with the note or other obligation thereby secured, may be sold and assigned upon the payment to the bank of the full value thereof, and upon such sale and assignment, the Manager may endorse either with or without recourse. In that case payments upon said note or other obligation shall be made to the persons entitled to receive them; but each such assignment shall be made subject to the provisions concerning extension of the time of payments on account of crop failures as provide in Section 17 of this Act, and subsequent action of the Public-Banking Commission in that regard shall be binding upon the assignee of such mortgage; provided, however, that after assignment of such mortgage extensions of payments for a yearly period shall be limited to total number to not more than one for every period of five years or fraction thereof during which such mortgage has to run after the date of assignment.
Sec. 20. Every such mortgage together with the note or other obligation thereby secured, may be assigned, and upon order of the Public-Banking Commission shall be assigned to the State Treasurer of Massachusetts as security for bonds to be issued by the sate as provide by law. In case of such assignment all payments due upon said note or other obligation shall be made by the State Treasurer, and the money so by him received shall be by him held or disbursed as may be provided by law. If while any such mortgage so assigned to the State Treasurer is in his hands, the note or obligation thereby secured shall have been fully paid, the State Treasurer shall so certify to the manager of the bank, who shall thereupon proceed to satisfy said mortgage in the same manner as though said note or other obligation had been paid directly to the bank. In case of such assignment to the State Treasurer of any mortgage, the provisions contained in Section 19 of this Act, respecting extensions on account of crop failure shall be effective and shall be applied.
Sec. 21. All business of the bank may be conducted under the name of “The Bank of Massachusetts.” Title to property pertaining to the operation of the bank shall be obtained and conveyed in the name of “The State of Massachusetts, doing business as the Bank of Massachusetts.” Written instruments shall be executed by any two members of the Public-Banking Commission, of whom the Governor shall be one, or by the Manager of the Bank of Massachusetts within the scope of his authority as to do as defined by the Public-Banking Commission.
Sec. 22. Civil actions may be brought against the State of Massachusetts on account of causes of action claimed to have arisen out of transactions connected with the operation of the Bank of Massachusetts, upon condition that the provisions of this section are complied with: In such actions the state shall be designated as “The State of Massachusetts, doing business as Bank of Massachusetts,” and the service or process therein shall be made upon the manager of the said Bank. Such actions my be brought in the same manner and shall be subject to the same provisions of the law as other civil actions brought pursuant to the provisions of the Code of Civil Procedure. Such actions shall be brought however, in the county where the Bank of Massachusetts shall have its principal place of business.
Sec. 23. The State Examiner shall personally or through deputy examiners visit the Bank of Massachusetts at least twice annually, and shall inspect and verify the assets in its possession and under its control, with sufficient thoroughness of investigation to ascertain with reasonable certainty whether the valuations are correctly carried on its books. He shall investigate its methods of operation and accounting.
Sec. 24. There is hereby appropriated out of the general funds of the State, not otherwise appropriated, one million dollars, or so much therefore as may be necessary, to carry out the provisions of this Act. This appropriation is hereby made available immediately upon the passage and approval of this Act. The Public-Banking Commission shall, out of the earnings of the bank, make provisions for accumulating a fund with which to replace in the general funds of the state, the amount received by the commission under this appropriation, as may be directed by the Legislative Assembly.
Sec. 25. All acts and parts of previous Acts inconsistent with this Act are hereby repealed.
Sec. 26. This Act is hereby declared to be an emergency measure and shall take affect and be in force from and after its passage and approval.