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SENATE DOCKET, NO. 1152         FILED ON: 1/20/2011

SENATE  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  No. 1858

 

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts

_________________

PRESENTED BY:

Mark C. Montigny

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To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General
              Court assembled:

              The undersigned legislators and/or citizens respectfully petition for the adoption of the accompanying bill:

An Act prohibiting the use of prescriber-identifiable data for marketing purposes.

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PETITION OF:

 

Name:

District/Address:

Mark C. Montigny

 

Gale D. Candaras

 

Sonia Chang-Diaz

 

Marc R. Pacheco

 

Patricia D. Jehlen

 

Susan C. Fargo

 

Kenneth J. Donnelly

 

Martha M. Walz

8th Suffolk

Cory Atkins

14th Middlesex

James B. Eldridge

 

John F. Keenan

 


SENATE DOCKET, NO. 1152        FILED ON: 1/20/2011

SENATE  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  No. 1858

By Mr. Montigny, a petition (accompanied by bill, Senate, No. 1858) of Mark C. Montigny, Gale D. Candaras, Sonia Chang-Diaz, Marc R. Pacheco and other members of the General Court for legislation to prohibit the use of prescriber-identifiable data for marketing purposes.  Health Care Financing. 


The Commonwealth of Massachusetts
 

_______________

In the Year Two Thousand Eleven

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An Act prohibiting the use of prescriber-identifiable data for marketing purposes.
 

              Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:
 

                              Section 1. Chapter 118G is hereby amended by inserting after section 33 the following section:—

                              Section 34.  It is the intent of the legislature to safeguard the confidentiality of prescriber-identifiable data, protect the integrity of the doctor-patient relationship, maintain the integrity and public trust in the medical profession,  and further the state interest in protecting public health and lowering the cost of health care.   The legislature intends to regulate the license, transfer, use, or sale of prescriber-identifiable data only for commercial purposes by pharmacies and other similar entities. The intent is not to regulate non-commercial uses, such as reimbursement, quality control, and research. .

                              (a) As used in this section the following words shall, unless the context clearly requires otherwise, have the following meanings:—

              “Bona-fide clinical trial”, any research project that prospectively assigns human subjects into intervention and comparison groups to study the cause and effect relationship between a medical intervention and health outcome, has received approval from an appropriate Institutional Review Board, and has been registered at ClinicalTrials.gov prior to commencement.

              “Prescriber-identifiable data”, information that can be used to directly or indirectly identify the prescriber, including, but not limited to, a prescriber’s name, address, telephone number, facsimile number, electronic mail address, photograph or likeness, account number, social security number, National Provider Identifier (NPI) or any other unique number, characteristic, code or information which is likely to lead to the identification of the patient or prescriber.

              “Commercial purpose”,  includes, but is not limited to,

                                              (1) advertising, marketing, promoting, or any activity that could be used to influence sales or market share of a pharmaceutical product;

                                              (2) influencing or evaluating the prescribing behavior of an individual prescriber;

                                              (3) evaluating the effectiveness of a professional pharmaceutical detailing sales force;  

              “Person”, any business, individual, corporation, union, association, firm, partnership, committee, or other organization or group of persons.

              “Pharmacy”, a facility under the direction or supervision of a registered pharmacist which is authorized in Massachusetts to dispense pharmaceuticals including, but not limited to, retail drug business as defined in Section 1 of Chapter 94C, mail order or Internet pharmacy, pharmacy benefits manager, insurance company, electronic transmission intermediary, or other similar entities.

              “Prescriber”, a person who is licensed, registered or otherwise authorized to prescribe and administer drugs in the course of professional practice in Massachusetts.

              “Prescribed product”, includes a biological product as defined in section 251 of the Public Health Service Act, 42 U.S.C. §262 and a device or a drug as defined in section 201 of the Federal Food, Drug  and Cosmetic Act, 21 U.S.C. §321.

                              (b) No pharmacy shall license, use, sell, or transfer for any commercial purpose, prescriber-identifiable data. 

                              (c) Nothing in this section shall prohibit a pharmacy from collecting, licensing, using, selling, or transferring data for commercial purposes if the data is de-identified and aggregated into categories, including, but not limited to, zip code, geographic region, or medical purposes.

                              (d)  Nothing in this section shall prohibit a pharmacy from licensing, using, selling, transferring, or collecting prescriber-identifiable information for non-commercial purposes, including, but not limited to,

                                                              (i) pharmacy reimbursement, prescription drug formulary or prior authorization compliance;

                                                              (ii) the dispensing of prescription medications to a patient or to the patient’s authorized representative;

                                                              (iii)the transfer of information to the patient or patient’s authorized representative;

                                                              (iv) health care research, including, but not limited to, bona fide clinical trials, product safety studies, and utilization reviews;

                                                              (v) transfer of prescription records that may occur when a pharmacy’s ownership is changed or transferred or between licensed pharmacies;

                                                              (vi) care management educational communications provided to a patient about the patient’s health condition;

                              (e)    Nothing in this section shall be interpreted to regulate conduct that takes place wholly outside of the commonwealth.

                              (f)  Nothing in this section shall be interpreted to regulate the content, time, place or manner of any discussion between a prescriber and their patient, or a prescriber and any person representing a prescription drug manufacturer.

                              (g) Whoever violates any provision of this section shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than two and one half years in a house of correction, or by a fine of not less than twenty thousand dollars, or by both such fine and imprisonment. Whoever violates any provision of this section after one or more prior convictions of a violation of this section shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for not more than 10 years, or by a fine of not more than thirty thousand dollars or by both such fine and imprisonment.

                              (h) A violation of this section shall also constitute an unfair or deceptive act or practice in the conduct of trade in violation of                 Section 2 of Chapter 93A. Any person whose rights under this section have been violated may institute and prosecute in his own name and on his own behalf, or the attorney general, acting on behalf of the commonwealth, may institute a civil action for injunctive and other equitable relief.

                              If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected.

                              Section 2. This act shall take effect upon passage.

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