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SENATE DOCKET, NO. 1646         FILED ON: 1/21/2011

SENATE  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  No. 558

 

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts

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PRESENTED BY:

Steven A. Tolman

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To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General
              Court assembled:

              The undersigned legislators and/or citizens respectfully petition for the adoption of the accompanying bill:

An Act establishing cost avoidance through care at home .

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PETITION OF:

 

Name:

District/Address:

Steven A. Tolman

 

Sal N. DiDomenico

Middlesex, Suffolk, and Essex

Patricia D. Jehlen

 

Brian M. Ashe

2nd Hampden

Karen E. Spilka

 


SENATE DOCKET, NO. 1646        FILED ON: 1/21/2011

SENATE  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  No. 558

By Mr. Tolman,  a petition (accompanied by bill, Senate, No. 558) of Steven A. Tolman, Sal N. DiDomenico, Patricia D. Jehlen, Brian M. Ashe and others for legislation to establish cost avoidance through care at home.  Health Care Financing. 


The Commonwealth of Massachusetts
 

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In the Year Two Thousand Eleven

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An Act establishing cost avoidance through care at home .
 

              Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:
 

              SECTION 1. The purpose of this act shall be to implement cost saving strategies though home health care and recognize that the following initiatives can further improve the efficiency of delivering care services to citizens of the Commonwealth in their communities.

              SECTION 2.  Definitions

              For the purposes of this act, the following terms shall have the following meanings:

              “Telehealth/telehealth technology,” includes the delivery of medical services and any diagnostic treatment or health management assistance utilizing interactive audio, video and/or interactive data transmission relative to the health care of a patient in a home care setting. Telehealth technology services do not include telephone conversations, electronic mail messages or facsimile transmissions.

              “Certified home health agency,” includes those home health agencies that are approved for participation in the Medicare and Medicaid programs.

              “home care services,” are services provided to a home health patient by a certified home health agency.

              SECTION 3.  Notwithstanding any general or special law to the contrary, the executive office of health and human services is hereby directed, pursuant to section 7 of chapter 118G of the General Laws, to establish that health care services delivered by a certified home health agency through telehealth technology are reimbursable when provided to clients receiving home care services that are otherwise eligible for reimbursement under the Medicaid program. Recipients of telehealth services will be those that require home health services of an unusually high frequency, urgency, or duration and that have chronic medical conditions, including, but not limited to congestive heart failure, diabetes, and/or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

              a) Rates of telehealth services shall reflect costs on a monthly basis in order to account for daily variation in the intensity and complexity of patient’s telehealth service needs; provided that such rates shall further reflect the cost of the daily operation and provision of such services, which costs shall include the following functions undertaken by the participating certified home health agency:

              i) Monitoring of patients vital signs;

              ii) Patient education;

              iii) Medication management;

              iv) Equipment maintenance and comprehension;

              v) Review of patient trends and/or other changes in patient condition necessitating professional intervention; and

              vi) Other such activities as the executive office of health and human services deem necessary and appropriate to this section.

              b) Reimbursement for telehealth services pursuant to this section shall be provided only in connection with Federal Food and Drug Administartion-approved devices, and incorporated as part of the patient’s plan of care.

              c) The home health patient’s respective Certified home health agency shall be responsible for the accuracy, maintenance and instruction on the usage of telehealth technology.

              SECTION 4. Section 80B of Chapter 112 of the General Laws, as appearing in the 2002 Official Edition is hereby amended by inserting in the last paragraph after the words "licensed practical nurse" the following: 

              "(8) the administration of or assistance with the administration of medications in the home by a home health aide as defined under G.L. c. 111, § 72F, provided that such an aide has completed agency training regulations to be drafted according to regulations promulgated by the Board of Registration in Nursing and the Department of Public Health and that the administration or assistance with administration is performed under the supervision of a registered nurse.  The delegation permitted under this subparagraph eight shall be limited to medications which are oral, ophthalmic, otic, topical, internasal, transdermal, suppository, prefilled, or products which are administered by inhalation.   Administration of medications by intramuscular, subcutaneous, intradermal, intraosseous, intravenous shall not be permitted.

              a) Agencies shall provide training and establish documentation protocols according to the nurse delegation model and regulations to be drafted by the Board of Registration in Nursing and the Department of Public Health.  These regulations shall specify that the registered nurse delegator and the home health aide are accountable for their own actions in the delegation process and that no registered nurse shall be required to delegate if the registered nurse determines it is inappropriate to do so. These regulations shall specify that delegation of administration of medication does not alter the responsibility of the home health agency or hospice to teach and the patient/family to participate in learning, self administration of medications, whenever appropriate.  

              A nurse licensed under this chapter who delegates a specific nursing activity or task in compliance with the rules adopted in these regulations shall not be subject to disciplinary action by the board of nursing for the performance of a person to whom the nursing activity or task is delegated.  

              b) Section 9 of Chapter 94 C of the General Laws in hereby amended by inserting in the first paragraph after the words “veterinarian when registered pursuant to the provisions of Chapter 7”  the following:

              “a home health aide pursuant to the provisions of  G.L Chapter 112 S 80B (8).”  

              SECTION 5. Section 1 of Chapter 118G of the General Laws, as most recently

              amended by chapter 324 of the acts of 2006, is hereby further amended by inserting, after the definition of “health maintenance organization,” the following:--“Home health care provider,”any organization certified as a provider of services under the Medicare Health Insurance Program for the Aged (TitleXVIII of the federal Social Security Act) that meets the Medicare and Medicaid Conditions of Participation for Home Health Agencies in Massachusetts.

              b) Section 7 of said Chapter 118G, as appearing in the 2004 Official Edition, is hereby amended by deleting clause (1) thereof and inserting in its place the following:--(1) shall determine, after public hearing, at least annually for institutional provider and for home health care provider, and at least biennially  for all other non-institutional providers, the rates to be paid by each governmental unit to providers of health care services;

              c) Said chapter 118G is hereby further amended by adding at the end thereof

              the following new section:--

              Section X. (a) Notwithstanding the provision of any general or special law to the contrary, including any other section of chapter 118G or chapter 118E of the General Laws, the division shall (i) adjust rates of payment for home health care providers on an annual basis, with such rates to be establishes as of January first of each year, and (ii) establish rates of payment for home health care providers on a prospective bases, whenever possible.  For purposes of (ii) above, the division shall use as base year cost of r rate determination purposes for the particular rate year the reported costs of a calendar year not more than four years prior to such particular rate year, adjusted for inflation, changes in technology and such other factors as the division may reasonably determine.

              (d) This section shall apply to the rates established for home health care providers pursuant to any waiver of otherwise applicable federal requirements that the division or the division of medical assistance has obtained or may obtain from the secretary of health and human services for the purpose of implementing any type of managed care service delivery system, or for any home health service purchased by the executive office of elder affairs pursuant to an interagency services agreement with the division of medical assistance.

              SECTION 6. For the purpose of improving patient transitions across care settings, MassHealth shall establish a new rate of home health care payment pursuant to 114.3 CMR 50.04 for patients with chronic medical conditions who are at risk for re-hospitalization when discharged from hospital care within 24 hours to a certified home health care agency.

              Home health agencies will only be reimbursed for such payment provided that the patient avoids returning to the hospital for the same condition for which the patient was originally hospitalized for thirty (30) days under the direct care and supervision of said agency.

              The MassHealth Care Transition Rate shall be determined by the Secretary of Health and Human Services and based on a nurse-led team model with published evidence of readmission reduction.

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