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SENATE DOCKET, NO. 1611        FILED ON: 1/13/2009

SENATE  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  No. 682


The Commonwealth of Massachusetts



John A. Hart, Jr.


To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General
              Court assembled:

              The undersigned legislators and/or citizens respectfully petition for the passage of the accompanying bill:

An Act protecting honest employers.






John A. Hart, Jr.

First Suffolk

Marc R. Pacheco

First Plymouth and Bristol

Cleon H. Turner

1st Barnstable

Anthony D. Galluccio

Middlesex, Suffolk and Essex

Michael F. Rush

10th Suffolk

Steven A. Tolman

Second Suffolk and Middlesex

Michael Brady

9th Plymouth

Susan C. Fargo

Third Middlesex

Sean Garballey

23rd Middlesex

Robert J. Nyman

5th Plymouth

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts


In the Year Two Thousand and Nine



An Act Protecting Honest Employers.


              Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:

SECTION 1.   Section 25C of Chapter 152 of the General Laws, as appearing in the 2004 Official Edition, is hereby amended by adding at the end the following: —

(11) Private Right of Action to Recover Workers Compensation Coverage Un-Paid Premiums.

Where facts exists showing that an employer has not fully complied with this chapter, then any three persons may bring a civil action, and such civil action shall be deemed a private attorneys general action, to recover amounts which by law should have been paid by the employer pursuant to this chapter to cover the employer’s employees who engaged in employment in

Massachusetts. A court may dismiss the action if the employer or any defendant files a motion to dismiss within 90 days following the date the complaint was filed and shows that the persons bringing the action cannot show by a probability that at least one of the following facts exist, nor any other fact showing that this chapter was not fully complied with:

i ) The employer failed to withhold state and local taxes from an employee’s pay;

ii) An individual performing services for an employer was misclassified as an independent contractor whereas the individual was in fact an employee of the employer;

iii) An individual performing services for an employer was neither classified as an independent contractor nor listed on payroll records as required by G.L. c. 151, sec. 15;

iv) An individual performing public works construction under G.L. c. 149, sec. 27 was not listed on sec. 27B certified payroll records;

v) An employee was terminated after suffering an on the job injury;

vi) An employee was told by the employer or the employer’s agent not to disclose that an on the job injury occurred on the job to either a physician, hospital or other health care provider; or

vii) The employer was recently cited, prosecuted or debarred for misclassification of employees under G.L. c. 149, sec. 148B;

In deciding such motion to dismiss, however, the court shall not deem the above list as exclusive or otherwise intended to exclude other indicia or evidence of the defendant’s non-compliance to this chapter, and it is not grounds for dismissing such action that the information produced will be inadmissible in a trial if the information appears reasonably sufficient that it might lead to the discovery of other information that could be admissible at a trial. If the court dismisses the action in acting upon such motion to dismiss, the court may award the defendant employer reasonable attorney fees and costs. Nothing, however, in this section is intended to prohibit the court from dismissing the action for other grounds usually allowed by law. Prior to bringing the civil action stated in this subsection, however, the persons who intend to bring the civil action shall first serve a copy of what might become the substance of a complaint on any insurer that was or is entitled to collect amounts not paid and the persons shall simultaneously state any intention to file suit under this section and provide a copy of such notice and such version of a complaint to the employer. At least 90 days after such service on the insurer, the persons may file a civil action in accord with this section, and they shall not be bound by the version of the complaint sent to the insurer or employer. Where the plaintiffs prevail in an action filed pursuant to this section they shall be collectively entitled to recover 25 percent of the amounts unlawfully not paid or $25,000, whichever is less, plus costs and reasonable attorneys fees, as well as an additional amount from the defendant(s) as liquidated damages equal to 25 percent of the amount not paid or $25,000, whichever is less. Such liquidated damages are not intended to be penal or punitive, but compensatory. After an action under this section is filed in a court, any insurer that failed to file a complaint or seek arbitration to recover or collect all the amounts which would have been due to the insurer from a defendant in such action shall be prohibited from attempting to recover or collect any amounts sought in the action which the insurer failed to seek to recover or collect, unless the insurer obtains the written and voluntary consent of the persons who have initiated the suit under this section. When such written consent is provided, a court may substitute the insurer as the plaintiff. When the insurer is substituted as the plaintiff, then the case shall proceed without further regard to this section or the Workers’ Compensation Trust Fund.

No settlement made between any insured and any insurer shall be deemed to prohibit or limit an action under this section to recover other amounts that should have been paid to cover employees under this chapter and which the insurer did not recover by such settlement or otherwise. Except as provided herein and unless the insurer has been substituted in the action, any amounts

recovered by the persons who filed the civil action under this section shall be deposited into the Workers’ Compensation Trust Fund established pursuant to section 65 of this chapter, except those amounts payable to such persons in accord with this section.

Any insurer, however, who pays any claim may recover from the amounts that are deposited into the Trust Fund any premium that should have been paid to that insurer which would have provided coverage for that specific claimant and claim.

Nothing contained herein shall be deemed as limiting or prohibiting in any way whatsoever any political subdivision, public entity or office, for example, any division, commission, commissioner, director, attorney general, and any law enforcement entity or office, presently entitled to bring any action, criminal or civil, against a defendant(s) to an action under this section from proceeding against such defendant in any appropriate forum. The forum, court, or agency, however, may consider and offset the amounts recovered, or likely recoverable, by an action pursuant to this section in imposing a verdict or judgment, or against imposing a fine or other penalty.

The section shall not affect, or apply to, insurance contracts that were made before the date this section becomes law. In addition to what is contained above, any action filed under this section may be filed only after 90 days following the expiration of any workers compensation policy effected by the action, if one existed. Should any portion of this section be deemed unlawful it shall not effect the remaining portions.

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