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HOUSE DOCKET, NO. 760        FILED ON: 1/13/2009

HOUSE  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  No. 316

 

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts

_______________

PRESENTED BY:

Timothy J. Toomey, Jr.

_______________

To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General
              Court assembled:

              The undersigned legislators and/or citizens respectfully petition for the passage of the accompanying bill:

An Act relative to identity theft in the commonwealth.

__________ _____

PETITION OF:

 

Name:

District/Address:

Timothy J. Toomey, Jr.

26th Middlesex

Robert M. Koczera

11th Bristol

Michael F. Rush

10th Suffolk

Denise Provost

27th Middlesex

Thomas M. Stanley

9th Middlesex

Bruce E. Tarr

First Essex and Middlesex

Paul McMurtry

11th Norfolk


[SIMILAR MATTER FILED IN PREVIOUS SESSION
SEE HOUSE, NO. 333 OF 2007-2008.]

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts
 

_______________

In the Year Two Thousand and Nine

_______________



 

An Act relative to identity theft in the commonwealth.


 

              Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:
 

              SECTION 1. Chapter 266 of the General Laws is hereby amended by adding the following section:-

Section 37 F.  Identity Theft Investigation

A person who has learned or reasonably suspects that his or hers personal identifying information has been unlawfully used by another, as described in section 37E of Chapter 266, may initiate a law enforcement investigation by contacting the local law enforcement that has jurisdiction over his or her actual residence, which shall take an identity theft police report of the matter, provide the complainant with a copy of that report, and begin an investigation of the facts. If the suspected crime was committed in a different jurisdiction, the local law enforcement agency must refer the matter to the jurisdiction’s local law enforcement agency where the suspected crime was committed for further investigation of the facts.

b)               A ny city, town, or district police department which requires an investigating police officer to make a report concerning an incident, offense or alleged offense investigated, or any arrest made, on a form provided by the department shall include on said for m a space to indicate whether said incident, offense, alleged offense or arrest involved identity fraud as defined in section 37E of chapter 266.Said officer shall also provide any victim, as defined in section 37E of chapter 266, a copy of said report and may be redacted by the investigating police officer. 

Section 2. Chapter 24A of the General Laws is hereby amended by inserting the following new section:- Section 6. (a) There shall be in the office a division of Privacy Protection whose primary purpos e shall be protecting the privacy of individuals' personal information by identifying consumer problems in the privacy area and facilitating development of fair information practices. (b) The office shall inform the public of potential options for protecti ng the privacy of, and avoiding the misuse of, personal information. (c) The office shall make recommendations to organizations for privacy policies and practices that promote and protect the interests of consumers. (d) The office may promote voluntary and mutually agreed upon non-binding arbitration and mediation of privacy related disputes where appropriate. (e) The Director of the Consumer Affairs and Business Regulation shall do all of the following: (1) Receive complaints from individuals concerning an y persons obtaining, compiling, maintaining, using, disclosing or disposing of personal information in a manner that may be potentially unlawful or violate a stated privacy policy relating to that individual, and provide advice, information, and referral w here available. (2) Provide information to consumers on effective ways of handling complaints that involve violations of privacy related laws, including identity theft and identity fraud. Where appropriate local, state, or federal agencies are available to assist consumers with those complaints, the director shall refer those complaints to those agencies. (3) Develop information and educational programs and materials to foster public understanding and recognition of the purposes of this article. (4) Investi gate and assist in the prosecution of identity theft and other privacy related crimes, and, as necessary, coordinate with local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies in the investigation of similar crimes. (5) Assist and coordinate in the training o f local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies regarding identity theft and other privacy related crimes, as appropriate. (6) The authority of the office or the director, to adopt regulations under this article shall be limited exclusively to those r egulations necessary and appropriate to implement paragraphs (b), (c), (d), and (e). (f) Commencing in 2010 , the director shall report to the Legislature on an annual basis, on or before January 31, detailing the activities engaged in by the department und er this article.

Section 3.               Chapter 93 of The Massachusetts Genera l Laws, as appearing in the 2006 Official Edition, is hereby amended by inserting after section 55 the following section:-

Section 55A. (a) No person or entity, including a state or local agency may not do any of the following:

(1)intentionally communicate or otherwise make available to the general public an individual’s Social Security number;

(2) print an individual’s Social Security number on any card required for the individual to acce ss products or services provided by the person or data collector;

(3) require an individual to transmit his or her Social Security number over the Internet, unless the connection is secure or the Social Security number is encrypted;

(4) require an individu al to use his or her Social Security number to access an Internet Web site, unless a password or unique personal identification number or other authentication device is also required to access the Internet Web site;

(5) print an individual’s Social Securi ty number on any materials that are mailed to the individual, unless required by law;

(6) sell, lease, loan, trade, rent, or otherwise disclose an individual’s Social Security number to a third party for any purpose without written consent to the disclosur e from the individual.

Nothing in this section shall apply to medical information or documents that are recorded or required to be open to the public pursuant to section 7 of chapter 4. 

(b)  Violations of any provision of this section shall constitute an d unfair and deceptive trade practice pursuant to the provisions of chapter ninety-three A.

SECTION 4. Each state department and state agency shall enact and maintain a permanent privacy policy that includes, but is not limited to, the following principles: (a) Personally identifiable information is only obtained through lawful means. (b) The purposes for which personally identifiable data are collected are specified at or prior to the time of collection, and any subsequent use is limited to the fulfillment of purposes not inconsistent with those purposes previously specified. (c) Personal data shall not be disclosed, made available, or otherwise used for purposes other than those specified, except with the consent of the subject of the data, or as authorized by law or regulation. (d) Personal data collected must be relevant to the purpose for which it is co llected. (e) The general means by which personal data is protected against loss, unauthorized access, use modification or disclosure shall be posted, unless such disclosure of general means would compromise legitimate state department or state agency objec tives or law enforcement purposes. (f) Each state department or state agency shall designate a position within the department or agency, the duties of which shall include, but not be limited to, responsibility for the privacy policy within that department or agency.

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