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  • PART III COURTS, JUDICIAL OFFICERS AND PROCEEDINGS IN CIVIL CASES
  • TITLE II ACTIONS AND PROCEEDINGS THEREIN
  • CHAPTER 231 PLEADING AND PRACTICE

Section 1 to 5 - Repealed, 1975, 377, Sec. 73

Section 6 - Assignee of claim assigned by executor or administrator, proceedings

Section 6A - Repealed, 1975, 377, Sec. 75

Section 6B - Interest added to damages in tort actions

Section 6C - Interest added to damages in contract actions

Section 6D - Damages for pain and suffering in tort actions arising out of operation, etc., of motor vehicles; restrictions

Section 6E - Definitions applicable to sections 6E to 6G

Section 6F - Costs, expenses and interest for insubstantial, frivolous or bad faith claims or defenses

Section 6G - Appeals; motions for expenses for insubstantial, frivolous or bad faith claims or defenses

Section 6H - Interest on damages

Section 6I - Interest rate; schedule

Section 7 - Repealed, 1975, 377, Sec. 75

Section 8 - Repealed, 1973, 1114, Sec. 158

Section 9 - Action to recover possession of real property

Section 10 to 13 - Repealed, 1975, 377, Sec. 75

Section 13A - Invalidity of stipulation waiving service of process or authorizing confession of judgment; vacation of judgment

Section 13B - Ad damnum or monetary amount claimed

Section 14 to 20 - Repealed, 1975, 377, Sec. 75

Section 21 - Pleading following answer in abatement

Section 22 - Pleading the general issue; evidence

Section 23 to 30 - Repealed, 1975, 377, Sec. 77

Section 31 - Equitable defenses

Section 32 to 34 - Repealed, 1975, 377, Sec. 78

Section 35 - Reply avoiding defense in equity

Section 36 to 38 - Repealed, 1975, 377, Sec. 80

Section 39 - Real and mixed actions at issue in land court

Section 40, 41 - Repealed, 1975, 377, Sec. 82

Section 42 - Endorsement of pleading or process before filing or entry; residence

Section 43 - Late endorsement of pleading or process

Section 44 - Endorsement when plaintiff removes from commonwealth

Section 45 - Procuring new responsible endorser

Section 46 - Repealed, 1973, 1114, Sec. 168

Section 47 - Dismissal on failure to obtain endorser

Section 48 - Substitute endorser

Section 49, 50 - Repealed, 1975, 377, Sec. 84

Section 51 - Amendments as to parties, process or pleading

Section 52 - Amendment after demurrer

Section 53, 54 - Repealed, 1975, 377, Sec. 87

Section 55 - Repealed, 1973, 1114, Sec. 170

Section 56 to 58 - Repealed, 1975, 377, Sec. 87

Section 58A - Notice of default to company issuing motor vehicle liability policy or bond; assessment of damages deferred

Section 59 - Repealed, 1975, 377, Sec. 87

Section 59A - Advancing action for speedy trial

Section 59B - Repealed, 1975, 377, Sec. 87

Section 59C - Request of either party

Section 59D - Speedy trial of actions involving election laws

Section 59E - Request of either party

Section 59F - Speedy trial for persons sixty-five years of age or older

Section 59G - Dismissal for failure to file a timely request for trial; vacation of judgment

Section 59H - Strategic litigation against public participation; special motion to dismiss

Section 60, 60A - Repealed, 1973, 1114, Sec. 178

Section 60B - Malpractice actions against providers of health care; tribunal

Section 60C - Malpractice complaints; ad damnum prohibited

Section 60D - Claim by minor against provider of health care; limitations

Section 60E - Malpractice action; professional examination of claimant

Section 60F - Award of damages; elements and itemization of amounts

Section 60G - Reduction of award of damages; collateral sources of benefits

Section 60H - Limitation of damages for pain and suffering

Section 60I - Attorney fees; limitations on contingency fees

Section 60J - Negligence actions for serving alcoholic beverages to minors or intoxicated persons; summary judgments

Section 60K - Actions for malpractice, negligence, etc. against health care providers; damages; rate of interest

Section 60L - Written notice requirement for actions against health care providers as defined in seventh paragraph of Sec. 60B; time for filing; exceptions; contents; provider’s access to medical records; written response

Section 61 - Filing interrogatories

Section 62 - Answers to interrogatories

Section 63 - Rules governing use of interrogatories

Section 64 - Failure to answer or to amend or expunge answer

Section 65 - Person answering interrogatories when corporation, municipal corporation, minor or incompetent is party

Section 66 - Order for costs

Section 67 - Non-disclosure of information not pertinent

Section 68 - Inspecting documents

Section 69 - Demand for admissions; answer to demand or refusal of admissions; costs

Section 70 - Repealed, 1975, 377, Sec. 91

Section 71 - Motions and interlocutory orders

Section 72 - Agreements regarding amendments and trial procedure

Section 73 - Repealed, 1932, 180, Sec. 40

Section 74 to 76 - Repealed, 1975, 377, Sec. 94

Section 77 - Repealed, 1973, 1114, Sec. 185

Section 78 - Repealed, 1932, 180, Sec. 40

Section 79 - Repealed, 1975, 377, Sec. 94

Section 80 - Repealed, 1973, 1114, Sec. 187

Section 81 - Charges as to facts, etc.

Section 82 - Designation of place of trial

Section 83 - Interrupting examination of witnesses

Section 84 - Repealed, 1973, 1114, Sec. 189

Section 84A - Consolidation of actions involving same subject matter

Section 85 - Comparative negligence; limited effect of contributory negligence as defense

Section 85A - Prima facie evidence of owner’s responsibility for operation of motor vehicle

Section 85B - Action for consequential damages; presumption of automobile owner’s responsibility

Section 85C - Action to enforce liability policy or bond; presumption of insured’s consent to operation of vehicle

Section 85D - Imputing negligence of parent or custodian to infant

Section 85E - Motor vehicles; defenses in subrogation claims

Section 85F - Imputation of negligence of operator of motor vehicle to passenger-owner

Section 85G - Parents’ liability for willful acts of minor children

Section 85H - Leased property; failure to return; conversion; presumption

Section 85I - Emergency care, etc. of injured persons by members of ski patrols; exemption from civil liability

Section 85J - Fraud or deceit in sale of personal property; treble damages

Section 85K - Limitation of tort liability of certain charitable organizations; liability of directors, officers or trustees of educational institutions

Section 85L - Recovery of damages against operator of motor vehicle by guest; ordinary negligence

Section 85M - Disclaimers of liability by parking facilities not a defense and void

Section 85N - Liability of licensed members of certain professional societies and committees for damages resulting from official acts

Section 85O - Contracts; age of legal capacity and liability in civil actions

Section 85P - Age of majority; legal capacity

Section 85P1/2 - Child performers; contracts; court approval

Section 85Q - Standard of care owed children; maintenance of artificial condition upon land

Section 85R - Boat races or regattas; liability for injuries

Section 85R1/2 - Liability for damage to property as a result of shoplifting or attempted larceny; recovery

Section 85S - Physical alteration or destruction of fine art

Section 85T - Negligence action for serving alcohol to intoxicated person prohibited; exceptions

Section 85U - Death or injury to unlawful dwelling occupants; liability of lawful occupants

Section 85V - Sports program volunteers’ liability; definitions

Section 85W - Officers and directors of charitable corporations; tort liability

Section 85X - Loss of consortium of a dependent child; cause of action

Section 85Y - Child care facilities; liability of owner of property for injury or damage on premises

Section 85Z - Conveyances without fair consideration by persons in contempt of an order or judgment for child support; civil action

Section 85AA - Liability of registered rescue volunteers

Section 86 - Repealed, 1975, 377, Sec. 96

Section 87 - Pleadings as evidence; effect

Section 88 - Effect of unaccepted offer of judgment

Section 89 - Use at trial of answers to interrogatories

Section 90 - Repealed, 1975, 377, Sec. 98

Section 91 - Effect of unproved defense of truth in action of slander or libel; proof of statements not contained in pleadings

Section 91A - Radio or television broadcast; liability of owner of station, etc.

Section 91B - Statement relating to bank loan for purchase of goods or services as defense to claim for libel

Section 92 - Truth as justification for libel

Section 93 - Retraction of libel; mitigation of damages; punitive damages

Section 94 - Evidence in mitigation of damages

Section 94A - Probable cause as defence in action for false arrest

Section 94B - False arrest; shoplifting; defrauding innkeepers; defenses

Section 94C - False arrest; theft of public records; defenses

Section 95 - Defense to action on default judgment

Section 96 - Relief from final judgment; vacation; effect of attachment

Section 96A - Repealed, 1947, 361

Section 97 - Appeal to superior court

Section 98 - Appeal bond

Section 99 - Deposit in lieu of appeal bond

Section 100 - Repealed, 1931, 426, Sec. 111

Section 101 - Record on appeal to superior court; transmission

Section 102 - Docket entries on taking appeal

Section 102A - Repealed, 1943, 296, Sec. 3

Section 102B - Repealed, 1958, 369, Sec. 2

Section 102C - Transfer of action from superior court; trial; decision; notice; judgment; retransfer; trial

Section 103 - Waiver of jury trial and right of appeal in cases brought in district court

Section 104 - Removal from district court to superior court

Section 104A - Multiple judgments specification for removal to superior court

Section 105 - Repealed, 1956, 302, Sec. 2

Section 106 - Deposit in lieu of removal bond

Section 107 - Circumstances making removal bond unnecessary

Section 108 - Appellate divisions of district courts; assignment and compensation of justices; procedure

Section 109 - Appeal to appeals court from appellate division

Section 110 - Powers of appellate division

Section 110A to 110C - Repealed, 1931, 426, Sec. 119

Section 111 - Report by single justice

Section 112 - Report by single justice of supreme judicial court

Section 112A - Appellate proceedings upon report; application of Rules of Appellate Procedure

Section 112B - Objections to rulings or orders

Section 113 - Appeal from final judgment of superior court, land court and housing courts

Section 114 - Appeal from final judgment of single justice of supreme judicial court

Section 115 - Disposition of judgment on appeal; stay of execution

Section 116 - Protective orders pending appeal

Section 117 - Temporary appellate relief from final judgments pending appeal

Section 118 - Temporary appellate relief from interlocutory orders; appeals to appeals court or supreme judicial court

Section 118A - Appeal from interlocutory order for equitable relief

Section 119 - Harmless error; disposition of judgment on appeal

Section 120 to 123 - Repealed, 1973, 1114, Sec. 203

Section 124 - Determination of questions of law by full court on appeal

Section 125 - Appellate court’s powers of amendment; additional testimony

Section 125A - Further report of material facts in equity and probate appeals

Section 126 - Repealed, 1973, 1114, Sec. 205

Section 127 - Repealed, 1975, 377, Sec. 109

Section 128, 129 - Repealed, 1973, 1114, Sec. 205

Section 130 - Costs on refusal of new trial

Section 131 - Repealed, 1973, 1114, Sec. 205

Section 132 - Error not affecting substantial rights; partial new trial

Section 133 to 137 - Repealed, 1973, 1114, Sec. 205

Section 138 - Amendment of pleadings; notice and hearing requisite to bind certain persons; appeal

Section 139 - Representation of corporate party by officer or agent

Section 140 - Repealed, 1975, 377, Sec. 110

Section 140A - Conclusiveness of consent judgment in automobile case

Section 140B - Advance payments or settlements of claims by insurers; effect upon liability; admissibility as evidence; credit upon judgment; notice of limitations to claimant by insurer; accrual of cause of action

Section 140C - Settlement or partial payment by insurer as admission of liability

Section 140C1/2 - Settlement of claim of minor or incompetent; judicial powers; petition for settlement approval

Section 141 to 147 - Repealed, 1975, 377, Sec. 110