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  • Acts
  • 2010
  • Chapter 424 AN ACT RELATIVE TO A LIEN FOR ARCHITECTS, ENGINEERS, LAND SURVEYORS AND SITE PROFESSIONALS.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same as follows:

SECTION 1. Section 2A of chapter 254 of the General Laws, as appearing in the 2008 Official Edition, is hereby amended by inserting before the definition of "Substantial completion", the following 2 definitions:-

“Design professional”, an architect, landscape architect, professional engineer, licensed site professional or land surveyor who is licensed or registered as such in the commonwealth, and any corporation, partnership, limited liability company, or other legal entity that is authorized under the laws of the commonwealth to practice or hold itself out as practicing any of the foregoing professions.

“Professional services”, services that are customarily and legally performed by or under the supervision or responsible control of design professionals in the course of their professional practice, including without limitation, programming, planning, surveying, site investigation, analysis, assessment, design, preparation of drawings and specifications and construction administration services.

SECTION 2. Said chapter 254, as so appearing, is hereby further amended by inserting after section 2B the following 2 sections:-

Section 2C. A design professional entering into a written contract with the owner of any interest in real property or with any person acting for, on behalf of, or with the consent of such owner, for the provision of professional services relating to the proposed or actual erection, alteration, repair or removal of a building, structure, or other improvement to real property, shall have a lien upon such real property, land, building, structure or improvement owned by the party with whom, on behalf of whom or with the consent of whom the contract was entered into, as appears of record on the date when notice of said contract is filed or recorded in the registry of deeds for the county or district where such land lies, to secure the payment of all amounts due or to become due to the design professional under such contract. Said notice shall be in substantially the following form:

Notice is hereby given that by virtue of a written contract dated __________, between __________, owner, and __________, design professional, said design professional is to furnish or has furnished professional services relating to the proposed or actual erection, alteration, repair or removal of a building, structure or other improvement on a lot of land or other interest in real property described as follows:

(INSERT DESCRIPTION)

Such design professional may file or record the notice of contract at any time after the execution of the written contract whether or not the professional services under such written contract have been commenced or completed, and whether or not the erection, alteration, repair or removal of the building, structure or other improvement to which such professional services relate has been, or is ever, commenced or completed, but not later than the earlier of: (i) 60 days after filing or recording of the notice of substantial completion under section 2A; or (ii) 90 days after such design professional or any person by, through or under him, last performed professional services.

Section 2D. Any person who furnishes professional services under a written subcontract with a design professional who is entitled to enforce a lien under section 2C and whose engagement has been approved in writing by or on behalf of the owner of the interest in land to which lien relates, may file or record in the registry of deeds for the county or district where such land lies a notice of his contract in substantially the following form:

Notice is hereby given that by virtue of a written subcontract dated __________, between __________, design professional, and __________, said __________ is to furnish or has furnished professional services relating to the proposed or actual erection, alteration, repair or removal of a building, structure or other improvement on a lot of land or other interest in real property described as follows, which services are a portion of the services furnished or to be furnished by said design professional under a written original contract with __________, owner:

(INSERT DESCRIPTION)

As of the time of this notice, an account of said subcontract is as follows:
1. estimated or agreed contract price: _______________
2. approved extra or additional services: _______________
3. payments received: __________

The regular mailing address of the subcontract party recording or filing this notice is as follows: _________________________.

Such notice of contract may be filed or recorded at any time after the execution of the written subcontract whether or not the professional services under such written subcontract have been commenced or completed, and whether or not the construction, alteration, repair or removal of the building, structure or other improvement to which such professional services relate has been, or is ever, commenced or completed, but not later than the earlier of: (i) 60 days after filing or recording of the notice of substantial completion under section 2A; or (ii) 90 days after the last day a design professional who is entitled to enforce a lien under section 2 or section 2C or any person claiming by, through or under him performed professional services for the project.

Upon filing or recording a notice and giving actual notice of such filing to the owner, the person filing such notice shall have a lien upon the property, land, building, structure or improvement owned by the party who entered into the original contract as appears of record at the time of such filing, to secure the payment of all amounts due or to become due to such person under his subcontract, regardless of the amount stated in the notice of contract. Such lien shall not exceed the amount due or to become due under the original contract as of the date actual notice of filing was given to the owner as hereinabove provided.

SECTION 3. The first sentence of section 4 of said chapter 254, as so appearing, is hereby amended by inserting after the word "tools,", in line 3, the following words:- , or who performs professional services.

SECTION 4. Said section 4 of said chapter 254, as so appearing, is hereby further amended by inserting after the word "tools", in line 12, the following words:- , or is to perform or has performed professional services.

SECTION 5. Said section 4 of said chapter 254, as so appearing, is hereby further amended by inserting after the word "tools", in line 38, the following words:- , or performed professional services.

SECTION 6. Said section 4 of said chapter 254, as so appearing, is hereby further amended by inserting after the word "tools", in line 52, the following words:- or professional services.

SECTION 7. Said section 4 of said chapter 254, as so appearing, is hereby further amended by striking out, in line 70, the words "subcontractor/vendor" and inserting in place thereof the following words:-subcontractor/vendor/design professional.

SECTION 8. Said section 4 of said chapter 254, as so appearing, is hereby further amended by inserting after the words "tools to", in line 72, the following words:- , or to perform professional services for.

SECTION 9. Section 5 of said chapter 254, as so appearing, is hereby amended by inserting after the word “property”, in lines 2 and 3, the following words:- or for professional services relating thereto.

SECTION 10. Section 7 of said chapter 254, as so appearing, is hereby amended by striking out subsection (d) and inserting in place thereof the following 2 subsections:-

(d) No lien under sections 2C or 2D shall avail against a mortgage duly registered or recorded prior to the filing or recording of the notice of contract if and to the extent that such lien relates to professional services performed before such mortgage was registered or recorded. If and to the extent that such lien relates to professional services performed after such mortgage was registered or recorded, such lien shall avail against such mortgage except to the extent of the amount actually advanced or unconditionally committed prior to the filing or recording of the notice of contract.

(e) No lien under sections 2, 2C, 2D or 4 shall avail as against a purchaser, other than the owner or person acting for or on behalf of, or with the consent of such owner who entered into the written contract on which the lien is based, whose deed or other instrument of title was duly registered or recorded prior to the filing or recording of such notices under said sections 2, 2C, 2D or 4.

SECTION 11. Section 8 of said chapter 254, as so appearing, is hereby amended by inserting after the first sentence the following sentence:- Liens under sections 2C and 2D shall be dissolved unless a like statement is filed or recorded at the appropriate registry of deeds within 30 days after the last day that a notice of contract may be filed or recorded under the applicable section.

SECTION 12. Section 11 of said chapter 254, as so appearing, is hereby amended by inserting after the word “material”, in line 6, the following words:- or professional services.

SECTION 13. Section 13 of said chapter 254, as so appearing, is hereby amended by striking out the first 2 sentences and inserting in place thereof the following 2 sentences:- The rights of an attaching creditor shall not prevail as against a lien under section 1, nor against the claim of a lienor if notice or notices of contract have been filed or recorded in the registry of deeds under sections 2, 2C, 2D or 4 prior to the recording of the attachment. An attachment recorded prior to the filing or recording of the notice of contract shall prevail against a lien, other than for personal labor, to the extent of the value of the buildings and land as they were at the time when the labor was commenced or the material furnished or professional services were commenced for which the lien is claimed and, in case of a sale under section 18, the court shall determine what proportion of the proceeds of the sale, as derived from the value of the property at such time, shall be held subject to the attachment.

SECTION 14. Section 15A of said chapter 254, as so appearing, is hereby amended by inserting after the word “materials”, in line 10, the following words:- or professional services.

SECTION 15. Section 21 of said chapter 254, as so appearing, is hereby amended by inserting after the word “contract”, in line 9, the following words:- , except that claims of lien creditors under sections 2C and 2D shall be paid only after payment in full of the claims of other lien creditors pursuant to this chapter.

SECTION 16. Said chapter 254 is hereby further amended by striking out section 23, as so appearing, and inserting in place thereof the following section:-

Section 23. If the person for whom the labor or material has been furnished or professional services have been performed dies or conveys away his estate or interest before the commencement of a civil action to enforce a lien, it may be commenced and prosecuted against his heirs or against the persons holding the estate or interest which he had in the land at the time the labor or material was furnished or professional services were performed. If the action was commenced in the lifetime of such person, it may be prosecuted against his executor, administrator, heirs or assigns as if the estate or interest has been mortgaged to secure the debt.

SECTION 17. Section 25 of said chapter 254, as so appearing, is hereby amended by inserting after the word “material”, in line 4, the following words:- or performing professional services.

SECTION 18. Section 32 of said chapter 254, as so appearing, is hereby amended by inserting after the word “demolition”, in line 5, the following words:- , professional services.

SECTION 19. Section 33 of said chapter 254, as so appearing, is hereby amended by striking out, in line 28, the word “section” and inserting in place thereof the following words:- sections 2C, 2D or.

SECTION 20. This act shall apply to liens for professional services, as defined in section 1, for which any person has filed or recorded a notice of contract on an interest in real property on or after the effective date of this act; provided, however, that this act shall not apply to any mortgage filed or recorded before the effective date of this act.

SECTION 21. This act shall take effect on July 1, 2011.

Approved, January 5, 2011.