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General Laws

[ Text of section effective until July 1, 2013. For text effective July 1, 2013, see below.]

  Section 7-102. (1) In this Article, unless the context otherwise requires

  (a) "Bailee'' means the person who by a warehouse receipt, bill of lading or other document of title acknowledges possession of goods and contracts to deliver them.

  (b) "Consignee'' means the person named in a bill to whom or to whose order the bill promises delivery.

  (c) "Consignor'' means the person named in a bill as the person from whom the goods have been received for shipment.

  (d) "Delivery order'' means a written order to deliver goods, directed to a warehouseman, carrier or other person who in the ordinary course of business issues warehouse receipts or bills of lading.

  (e) "Document'' means document of title as defined in the general definitions in Article 1 (section 1-201).

  (f) "Goods'' means all things which are treated as movable for the purposes of a contract of storage or transportation.

  (g) "Issuer'' means a bailee who issues a document except that in relation to an unaccepted delivery order it means the person who orders the possessor of goods to deliver. Issuer includes any person for whom an agent or employee purports to act in issuing a document if the agent or employee has real or apparent authority to issue documents, notwithstanding that the issuer received no goods or that the goods were misdescribed or that in any other respect the agent or employee violated his instructions.

  (h) "Warehouseman'' is a person engaged in the business of storing goods for hire.

  (2) Other definitions applying to this Article or to specified Parts thereof, and the sections in which they appear are

"Duly negotiate''. Section 7-501.
"Person entitled under the document''. Section 7-403(4).

  (3) Definitions in other Articles applying to this Article and the sections in which they appear are

"Contract for sale''. Section 2-106.
"Overseas''. Section 2-323.
"Receipt'' of goods. Section 2-103.

  (4) In addition Article 1 contains general definitions and principles of construction and interpretation applicable throughout this Article.

Chapter 106: Section 7-102. Definitions and Index of Definitions

[ Text of section as recodified by 2013, 30, Sec. 45 effective July 1, 2013 applicable as provided by 2013, 30, Sec. 116. For text effective until July 1, 2013, see above.]

  Section 7-102. (a) In this article, the following words shall, unless the context clearly requires otherwise, have the following meanings:

  (1) "Bailee'', a person that by a warehouse receipt, bill of lading or other document of title acknowledges possession of goods and contracts to deliver them.

  (2) "Carrier'', a person that issues a bill of lading.

  (3) "Consignee'', a person named in a bill of lading to which or to whose order the bill promises delivery.

  (4) "Consignor'', a person named in a bill of lading as the person from which the goods have been received for shipment.

  (5) "Delivery order'', a record that contains an order to deliver goods directed to a warehouse, carrier or other person that in the ordinary course of business issues warehouse receipts or bills of lading.

  (6) [Reserved]

  (7) "Goods'', all things that are treated as movable for the purposes of a contract for storage or transportation.

  (8) "Issuer'', a bailee that issues a document of title or, in the case of an unaccepted delivery order, the person that orders the possessor of goods to deliver. The term includes a person for which an agent or employee purports to act in issuing a document if the agent or employee has real or apparent authority to issue documents, even if the issuer did not receive any goods, the goods were misdescribed or, in any other respect, the agent or employee violated the issuer's instructions.

  (9) "Person entitled under the document'', the holder, in the case of a negotiable document of title, or the person to which delivery of the goods is to be made by the terms of, or pursuant to instructions in a record under, a nonnegotiable document of title.

  (10) [Reserved]

  (11) "Sign'', with present intent to authenticate or adopt a record:

  (A) to execute or adopt a tangible symbol; or

  (B) to attach to or logically associate with the record an electronic sound, symbol or process.

  For purposes of this subsection, a person may "authenticate'' a record by: (i) signing a record that is a writing; or (ii) attaching to or logically associating with a record that is not a writing an electronic sound, symbol or process with the present intent to adopt or accept the record.

  (12) "Shipper'', a person that enters into a contract of transportation with a carrier.

  (13) "Warehouse'', a person engaged in the business of storing goods for hire.

  (b) Definitions in other articles applying to this article and the sections in which they appear are:

  (1) "Contract for sale''. Section 2-106.

  (2) "Lessee in the ordinary course of business''. Section 2A-103.

  (3) "Receipt'' of goods. Section 2-103.

  (c) In addition, article 1 contains general definitions and principles of construction and interpretation applicable throughout this article.

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