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The 191st General Court of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts

Section 13.01: Definitions

Section 13.01. DEFINITIONS

In this PART the following words shall have the following meanings unless the context requires otherwise:

''Affiliate'', any person that directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries controls, is controlled by, or is under common control of or with another person.

''Beneficial shareholder'', the person who is a beneficial owner of shares held in a voting trust or by a nominee as the record shareholder.

''Corporation'', the issuer of the shares held by a shareholder demanding appraisal and, for matters covered in sections 13.22 to 13.31, inclusive, includes the surviving entity in a merger.

''Fair value'', with respect to shares being appraised, the value of the shares immediately before the effective date of the corporate action to which the shareholder demanding appraisal objects, excluding any element of value arising from the expectation or accomplishment of the proposed corporate action unless exclusion would be inequitable.

''Interest'', interest from the effective date of the corporate action until the date of payment, at the average rate currently paid by the corporation on its principal bank loans or, if none, at a rate that is fair and equitable under all the circumstances.

''Marketable securities'', securities held of record by, or by financial intermediaries or depositories on behalf of, at least 1,000 persons and which were

(a) listed on a national securities exchange,

(b) designated as a national market system security on an interdealer quotation system by the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc., or

(c) listed on a regional securities exchange or traded in an interdealer quotation system or other trading system and had at least 250,000 outstanding shares, exclusive of shares held by officers, directors and affiliates, which have a market value of at least $5,000,000.

''Officer'', the chief executive officer, president, chief operating officer, chief financial officer, and any vice president in charge of a principal business unit or function of the issuer.

''Person'', any individual, corporation, partnership, unincorporated association or other entity.

''Record shareholder'', the person in whose name shares are registered in the records of a corporation or the beneficial owner of shares to the extent of the rights granted by a nominee certificate on file with a corporation.

''Shareholder'', the record shareholder or the beneficial shareholder.