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The 189th General Court of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts

Section 11: Application of principles of law and equity

Section 11. Unless otherwise required by the provisions of this chapter, the principles of law and equity, including the law merchant and the law relating to principal and agent, estoppel, laches, fraud, misrepresentation, duress, coercion, mistake, insolvency, or other validating or invalidating cause, shall supplement its provisions.