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The 189th General Court of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts

Section 23: Stockholder voting; votes by proxy

Section 23. Stockholders entitled to vote may vote in person or by proxy. No proxy dated more than 6 months before the date of the meeting named therein shall be valid, and no proxy shall be valid after the final adjournment of such meeting. A proxy with respect to stock held in the name of 2 or more persons shall be valid if executed by any 1 of them unless at or prior to the exercise of the proxy such corporation receives a specific written notice to the contrary from any 1 of them. A proxy purporting to be executed by or on behalf of a stockholder shall be deemed valid unless challenged at or prior to its exercise, and the burden of proving invalidity shall rest on the challenger. Except as otherwise provided in the articles of organization or by-laws of the corporation, special meetings of the stockholders may be called pursuant to section 7.02 of chapter 156D.